Data en American

American Data’s ECS Software. American Data’s ECS is an electronic chart system with customizable features. ECS is built upon a strong foundation in long term care that encompasses the entire care continuum. Together, the components for each care setting provide an integrated patient health record. Americas US: Religious data platform 'targets mentally ill, vulnerable people' A new film reveals how Cambridge Analytica, collaborating with a software company, has created a platform for US ... 811 Data Entry Jobs at American Online Jobs 811 Jobs sorted by: Relevance. Relevance; Title (A-Z) Title (Z-A) Company Name (A-Z) Company Name (Z-A) Date Posted (Newest to Oldest) Date Posted (Oldest to Newest) Distance (Furthest to Closest) Distance (Closest to Furthest) Sign up for job alert emails ... OKI Data Americas announces end-of-life notification for OKI-branded hardware effective March 31, 2021. OKI Data, or selected partners, will continue to provide consumables, parts, and warranty services to the Americas markets after this date to fulfill market demand. Data definition is - factual information (such as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation. How to use data in a sentence. Is data singular or plural? We offer all Latin American elder care homes to our American seniors. We charge NOTHING for posting these elder care homes in Latin America. We need only the information about them and photos. Operates in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama Phone: (253) 888-6603 Company Profile This question reminds me of the film Gravity.Watch the first five minutes here.On 1:55 you can hear 'Houston' (Ed Harris) saying 'day-ta'; on 4:47 Dr. Stone (Sandra Bullock) says 'Dah-ta', only to be answered 'we are not receiving any 'day-ta''.. Now, Ed Harris was born in New Jersey and Sandra Bullock is from Virginia, but raised in Nuremberg. It seems that the correct pronunciation of 'data ... Census population data is used to divide the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives among the 50 states. It can also be used to draw boundaries for state legislative and school districts. Besides using census data for the benefit of public services, you can also use it for genealogical research. To protect the privacy of people who respond ... Data America provides direct mailing lists, email lists, and sales leads for outreach. Connect with businesses and consumers with targeted marketing lists. Speak to a specialist today at 855.755-DATA (3282) Innovative statistical products created using new data sources or methodologies that benefit data users in the absence of other relevant products. Component ID: #ti2081131782 While many data tables are now available in data.census.gov , you can browse and download additional data tables by topic and year.

cults

2009.05.28 21:06 commander-in-queef cults

Anything and everything about cults.
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2019.03.05 13:18 alpidzonka AskBalkans

Questions about the Balkan states answered!
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2015.01.07 22:08 araaara Burning Miles & Points

A place to discuss burning airline miles & hotel points.
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2020.10.01 01:17 SnooCompliments1696 The Horror of Neonatal Circumcision

When it comes to loss of sexual function and sensitivity: people vastly underestimate the harm and dysfunction that neonatal circumcision does. So here are some dirty secrets that most American doctors don't tell parents.
Here's the first one: There is no such thing as "foreskin" from a biological standpoint. It doesn't describe what it is scientifically, but rather, what it does: overhang the glans penis. It's simply a part of a singular penile system. What neonatal circumcision actually does is delete parts of the penis and cause immense damage to it shortly after birth. Even circumcised men have what is called inner foreskin. It's the sensitive tissue after your circumcision scar.
It almost always guts the entire frenular delta - the ridged band/frenulum loop - on the dorsal side of the penis. Study after study has found it to be the most pleasurable part of the penis. A 2007 British Journal of Urology study by Sorrells et al. found that routine neonatal circumcision almost always removes the five most sensitive parts of the male genitalia: the ridged band, orifice rim, the frenulum at the slit, the frenulum near the ridged band, and the frenulum near the mucocutaneous junction. This means that neonatal circumcision removes the most pleasurable and sensitive parts of the penis: "the male g-spot." The discoverer of the frenular delta, Australian pathologist Ken McGrath, has even made an informative video describing why neonatal circumcision is a uniquely sexually destructive intervention versus one done as an adult.
Here's another dirty secret: Neonatal and adult circumcision isn't at the same thing. The only thing they share in common is that all of the ridged bands and much of the foreskin is removed. The foreskin and glans are fused at birth, and, thus, must be forcefully separated: causing the glans penis to become a lifelong scar. The highly pleasurable frenulum is almost always destroyed or substantially damaged (>95%), the neurological development of the glans becomes substantially aborted and changed, and the damage is (in opposition to popular belief) much worse. They are two quite different procedures — with different effects on sexuality and pleasure — something that is not reflected in studies in adults. Adult circumcision is often described by those who have undergone it as more like a trade-off: In return for generally making masturbation more difficult, and certain sexual positions and activities impossible, the glans is stimulated more during sex. Neonatal circumcision doesn't share this. It's all cost and no benefit. This is why neonatally circumcised men complain and many men circumcised as adults wonder what the big deal is. They underwent operations with two different outcomes. Men who underwent it as teenagers or adults (especially because of something such as phimosis) "did not see both sides."
Highly cited studies that say that circumcision doesn't affect sexual pleasure, such as Bossio (2016) and Morris (2013), suffer from substantial flaws. They all actually confirm the 2007 BJU study by Sorrells et al. (e.g. only testing the parts of the penis not removed in circumcision, assuming adult and neonatal circumcision is the same, using test subjects that had unhealthy foreskin amputated, etc.) Additionally: they forget to mention any sexual activities that involve the ridged bands, frenulum, and prepuce are, by definition, prevented. These forms of sexual stimulation, pleasure, and manipulation generally have great subjective value in intact men, and it is not unreasonable for someone who was neonatally circumcised to view it as a sexual harm and violation.
Don't believe me? You can test it yourself. Intact men will notice that the most sensitive and pleasurable parts of their penis are the ridged bands at the top of their foreskin, the frenulum on the dorsal side of their penis, the inner foreskin, and the glans penis. Ask yourself if you would want those parts gutted from your body shortly after birth. I don't think so. Remember: If you cut something off: you can't feel it or use it. So circumcision does affect sensation: You can't feel something if you cut it off. And it does affect function. You can not engage in any sexual activities with tissue that has been removed from the body.
For circumcised individuals: the most pleasurable part of your penis is whatever remains of your frenulum, if it still exists, then your circumcision scar, then your inner foreskin, and then your glans.
Pretty horrifying. Right? Here's another thing: many of the people pushing circumcision are alleged to have sexual fetishes surrounding circumcision. Google the Gilgal Society. Many members of this group have influential positions in government, medicine, and healthcare surrounding this topic. That's even more upsetting. Isn't it?
I've done my research.
Both male and female genital cutting have often historically originated from the same principle: the control of human sexuality. The modern form of neonatal circumcision was historically designed (and approved of!) to desensitize the male genitalia until the sexual revolution of the 1960s. It is directly based upon Brit Per'iah. This version performed by the vast majority of Jews and American doctors is not even the same as the Abrahamic covenant of Genesis 17: but a radicalized form that was not instituted until 150 AD after the war of Bar Kokba. Your son won't "look like Jesus." And it's a sin to circumcise for religious reasons under the new covenant, anyway.
Per'iah was universally agreed upon and intended to be sexually harmful until the modern era. And this was widely and universally shared by every major religious and political thinker of the time. Maimonides, Philo, etc., etc., etc., et al. They reasoned quite correctly that if you remove the parts of the penis most responsive to light touch, cause significant damage to the glans penis, and neurological damage at the earliest stage of life, you will decrease the pleasure of sex and increase instances of sexual dysfunction.
There are common forms of female genital cutting that are less sexually destructive than the routine neonatal circumcisions performed in American hospitals. A good instance of this is female genital cutting in Malaysia: where, often, a slight part of a women's clitoral hood is removed. This is the biological analog to the foreskin in men: just as the clitoris and penis develop from the same structure, so, to, do the foreskin and clitoral hood. The World Health Organization considers the women who have undergone this form of FGC as being violated and victims of sexual assault. Despite the fact that doctors can often not tell if these women have been genitally cut at all. Even a ritual nick on a women is illegal: regardless of religious, cultural, or moral reasons. The same protection is interestingly not provided to men and intersex individuals: which seems like a clear violation of the American Constitution's equal protection clause. If a ritual nick on a girl is illegal: why is a ritual nick on a boy legal?
This seems unconstitutional. Right?
I'm not the only one who has noticed.
Douglas Diekema, who served and adviced the AAP's 2012 Task Force on Circumcision, of the American Academy of Pediatrics agrees with my viewpoint:
[It] would remove no tissue, would not touch any significant organ but, rather [it] would be a small nick of the clitoral hood which is the equivalent of the male foreskin - nothing that would scar, nothing that would do damage... We’re talking about something far less extensive than the removal of foreskin in a male.
He thinks that they should legalize "minor" FGM in 2010 for this very reason.
As Earp (2015) writes:
When people talk about ‘FGM’ they are usually thinking of the most severe forms of female genital cutting, done in the least sterile environments, with the most drastic consequences likeliest to follow – even though research suggests that these forms are the exception rather than the rule. When people talk about ‘male circumcision’, by contrast, they are (apparently) thinking of the least severe forms of male genital cutting, done in the most sterile environments, with the least drastic consequences likeliest to follow – perhaps because this is the form with which they are culturally familiar.
Type 1a FGC removes the clitoral hood, Type IIa FGC can be something such as a neonatal labiaplasty, and Type IV can just be a ritual nick. When most people are referring to FGC/FGM: they are probably referring to most forms of Type II and Type III female genital cutting. I agree. Those forms of genital alteration are more sexually destructive than the form of neonatal circumcisions performed in many Western countries. But it is a vast oversimplification of a very complicated topic.
Both forced male and female genital cutting is ethically the same: the removal of erogenous tissue against the consent of the individual it is being performed against. And they are both justified through cultural and religious traditions, a desire for their son or daughter to conform to the society around them, a belief that the altered genitalia is more sexually attractive, myths surrounding hygiene, and alleged benefits of health.
Just read the articles. Yeah, I call routine neonatal circumcision mutilation. It's substantially destructive from a sexually sensory perspective: as has been known for centuries. The Western conception of MGC/FGC is an artifical seperation arising from cultural bias and normality. Rather than generally being a consistent application of ethics, historical data, anthropology, or morality.
Don't let anyone gaslight you on this. /Foregen is working on a solution: but it may be a decade off. Unfortunately: The neurological and vessal damage, and scarring, notably to the entire glans penis, will likely persist, regardless.
The most important thing everyone here can do for now is to break the cycle is not circumcise any of your kids. And if you have the money, time, and effort: openly express these facts to parents, donate monthly to ForeGen, and perhaps even join an intactivist organization such as Intact America.
submitted by SnooCompliments1696 to MensRights [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 18:07 mccanntech Wi-Fi 101: Origins and History

Wi-Fi as we know it today is a series of standards, voted on by a worldwide engineering body, the IEEE. The IEEE is an open membership organization with more than 423,000 engineers in 160 countries. It took years of work and dozens of proposals to form the original Wi-Fi standard in 1997. It took even more effort over the last 23 years to get to where we are now.
The story of the invention of Wi-Fi depends on who you ask. There is a complicated history leading up to that original 1997 standard, and the truth is hard to decipher. I'm not capable of litigating who invented what, but there are some key players to know about. Where possible, I will point out the people and the organizations behind the technology.

Wired and Wireless Precursors: Say ALOHA to Wireless Networking

In 1968, researchers at the University of Hawaii began to investigate if radio waves could be used for communication between computers. The project was led by professor Norman Abramson, Dr. Franklin Kuo, and a team of faculty and students. It would go on to become known as ALOHAnet.
During this time, wired computer networking was in its infancy, and evolving rapidly. Packet switching was conceived of by Paul Baran in 1964, and first demonstrated by Donald Davies in August 1968. In October 1969, the first ARPANET link was established between UCLA and the Stanford. By June 1971, ALOHAnet was the world's first wireless packet switched data network.(1)
During the development of ALOHAnet, Abramson and his team had to solve many foundational issues with wireless networking, including collisions and failed transmissions. They decided that a random access protocol would be the best way to accomplish this. The ALOHA protocol allowed terminals to send data whenever they had it, and listen to their transmissions to make sure they were received, and acknowledged. If a transmission failed, terminals would resend after a random delay. This was simple and effective, but had problems scaling up to more users. The ALOHA protocol was improved and expanded, and was the inspiration for CSMA/CA.
ALOHAnet was a pioneering technological marvel, but it was experimental and not fit for commercial use. Most critically, unlicensed spectrum for computer communications was not available to the public yet. Since the University of Hawaii didn't have a way to sell the technology, it was put into the public domain. ALOHAnet was decommissioned in 1976, but it inspired others to continue what it started. Most notably, Robert "Bob" Metcalfe studied it for his PhD dissertation.
Through the 1970s, many wired local area network technologies were developed. Some were proprietary, and some were open standards. Most of this early work has gone on to become ANSI or IEEE standards, and formed the basis of the computer communication and the Internet. A standards-based approach wasn't destiny, and we all benefit from the pioneers who pushed for standards over proprietary solutions. All of this groundbreaking work on wired standards helped lay the foundation for wireless.

Key Dates In Wired Networking History

The Wright Brothers of Wi-Fi

By 1985, all the pieces were in place for the development of a universal wireless networking standard. These were the Wild West days of wireless networking. Dozens of companies were competing to be the first to produce a successful product. Many companies came and went, so I'm only going to focus on the biggest and most important ones.

NCR and WaveLAN

In the 1980s, NCR Corporation was a big international company selling computers, ATMs, and cash registers. They wanted to develop a way to have their cash registers work wirelessly. This would give them a competitive advantage, and allow retail stores to avoid the costs and logistics of running cabling to every register. At the same time, cash registers were becoming more computer-like, so NCR sought to develop an International wireless standard that any computer could use. Two of the key engineers assigned to this project were Cees Links and Vic Hayes. Through 1986 and 1987, Vic and the other engineers at NCR developed a product which became known as WaveLAN.
NCR introduced WaveLAN to the world in 1990.(2) While WaveLAN was intended for use in cash registers, it was also positioned as a wireless alternative to Ethernet and Token Ring for PCs. In the 1990s, wireless products were expensive, and hard to use. The early drivers were buggy, and documentation was hard to find. WaveLAN network adapters cost hundreds of dollars, and access points could cost thousands. The high cost and limited usability kept WaveLAN as a niche product, mainly found in the big businesses that could afford them.
WaveLAN operated at 900MHz or 2.4 GHz, and offered speeds of 1 to 2 Mbps. It competed with Aironet's ARLAN and others which offered similar speeds, frequency ranges and hardware. Several companies also marketed wireless bridges and routers based on WaveLAN technology. Wireless networking products became a mess of competing companies and different implementations. The need for an International standard was clear.
NCR wanted to have Vic Hayes make the technical proposals to the IEEE on the companies behalf. Vic disagreed, and fought to stay independent and not do any of the proposals on behalf of NCR. The company agreed, and this actually worked to their benefit. Since Vic wasn't pushing NCR's proprietary solution, he gained the trust of others. Vic ended up becoming the first chairman of the IEEE 802.11 working group, giving him the nickname “Father of Wi-Fi"

IEEE and the 802.11 working group

In 1988, Vic Hayes approached the IEEE to contribute to the 802.4L, an existing committee creating a wireless standard based on Token Ring. As it turned out, that committee had become inactive, and the chairman had quit. This let to Vic becoming the chairman of 802.4L, and the forming of a new working group, 802.11. Ethernet and WaveLAN technology formed part of the technical base of the 802.11 committee, which was officially started in 1990.
WaveLAN and the knowledge of Vic Hayes' group at NCR helped form the basis, but countless others contributed as well. Many other companies submitted proposals for various aspects of the standard, and the group compromised and voted on the best ideas along the way. Most of their documents are still publicly available. The 802.11 group continued to work throughout the 1990s to develop the standard, which was a long and complicated process. It took 7 years and input from countless engineers to form the first Wi-Fi standard, known as 802.11-1997.
The first Wi-Fi standard was in some ways a messy compromise. It allowed for transmissions over Infrared or 2.4 GHz radio waves. It also allowed for two different frequency selection methods, which prevented guaranteed compatibility. In the end, both Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) and Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) were added to the standard. The group allowed these options as a way to please the entities involved in the creation, but it made the standard weak.
802.11-1997 never gained much traction. Despite that, the group got to work on its next set of standards, 802.11a and 802.11b, which were developed in parallel. The main difference between them was the frequencies and the modulation schemes they used.
802.11b hit the market first. Despite the slower speeds, people preferred the availability, lower cost, and longer range of the 2.4 GHz equipment. The success of 802.11b snowballed into the development of 802.11g, and made 2.4 GHz the defacto International wireless spectrum range for years to come.
In the late 1990s, Wi-Fi's success wasn't guaranteed. Early Wi-Fi devices were expensive, slow, and often incompatible with other devices. According to Vic Hayes, he approached many computers makers to persuade them to add Wi-Fi to their computers, but most of them said no. Steve Jobs and Apple wanted to add Wi-Fi to an upcoming laptop, but they wanted it to cost $100, not $500. They argued that the lower cost would make it more marketable to consumers.
Apple eventually got the $100 Wi-Fi card they wanted. The iBook and AirPort launched on July 21, 1999, a few months before the 802.11a and 802.11b standard were finalized. It was the first mainstream computer designed and sold with integrated wireless networking.

OFDM, CSIRO, and Dr. John O'Sullivan

This is where our story get murky. CSIRO is the Australian federal agency with a long history of scientific research. They have developed many advanced technologies, such as atomic absorption spectroscopy. According to CSIRO, Wi-Fi is an Australian invention. The truth isn't that simple, and it isn't that clear.
CSIRO's key insight came out of their work in radioastronomy. In 1977, CSIRO researcher Dr. John O'sullivan was searching for small exploding black holes. He wrote a paper about how fast Fourier transformations could be used to sharpen images from optical telescopes. As the waves traveled towards the telescope they became scrambled, and CSIRO developed a custom processor to use fast Fourier transformations to unscramble the image. While this technique didn't help him discover the black holes he was looking for, it helped to solve a different problem.
Starting in 1990, John O'Sullivan led a team of CSIRO scientists to develop a high-speed wireless network. Their goal was 100 Mbps, to compete with the best wired networks of the time. This caused them to look past the techniques used by ALOHAnet and WaveLAN, because they wouldn't be fast enough. One technical challenge they faced was how radio waves tend to bounce off surfaces indoors, causing an echo that distorts the signal. Using fast Fourier transformations, they found a way to transmit a signal while reducing that echo. Rather than using one fast wireless channel, they used lots of slower channels. This is known as multicarrier modulation.
Single-carrier modulation systems exploit only one signal frequency to transmit data. Multi-carrier modulation systems divide the whole frequency channel into subcarriers, and the data stream is divided into many low-rate streams transmitted in parallel. Single-carrier modulation has advantages, but multi-carrier modulation is better suited for high-bandwidth, short-range communication like Wi-Fi. In modern Wi-Fi standards, we use multi-carrier modulation in the form of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, or OFDM.
According to their lawyer in a 2009 patent dispute, CSIRO did not invent Wi-Fi, but it did invent the best way of doing it. CSIRO scientists tested hundreds of techniques until it found a unique combination that worked at high speeds. That combination involved multi-carrier modulation, forward error-correcting, and frequency interleaving to send multiple copies of the data. This specific combination of techniques is the secret sauce the CSIRO applied for a patent for in 1992, and was granted in 1996.
CSIRO didn't invent the underlying techniques, since they were already known. Frequency division multiplexing dates back to the late 1870s, when telegraph companies were trying to increase their capacity. Multi-carrier modulation was described in the 1950s. OFDM is attributed to Bell Labs employee Robert W. Chang back in 1966. Interleaving also dates back to the 1960s. Forward error correction was used when NASA sent the Mariner mission to Mars in 1968.
CSIRO also wasn't the first to combine these techniques and apply them to computer communication. Harris Semiconductor sold modems to the US military using these techniques in the 1980s. Critically, the Harris modem was never patented since interleaving, modulation, and coding had been around for decades by the time Harris came along. According to testimony, Intel official Stephen Saltzman said that outside CSIRO, engineers didn't take the idea of a Wi-Fi patent using these techniques seriously. Experts at Intel had already shipped products based on OFDM with previous employers, and thought that a new patent with OFDM didn't seem credible. Regardless of the merits and the origin of the ideas, US patent #5,487,069 was granted in 1996.
During the development of the 802.11a standard, CSIRO made the IEEE aware of its patent and offered to license it. Beyond that offer, CSIRO never got involved in the creation of the 802.11 standards. Dozens of companies made proposals to the various 802.11 committees, offering to submit their ideas or license their patents. CSIRO never submitted a proposal for the original 1997 standard, or any of the revisions. Despite their lack of involvement in the process and lack of licensing agreement, 802.11a, 802.11g, and later IEEE standards would go on to use OFDM and multi-carrier modulation.
Years later, CSIRO used this as the basis for lawsuits against major networking and technology companies. CSIRO won settlements worth $205 million in 2009, and another $229 million in 2012. If you want more detail on the CSIRO patent fight, Joe Mullin wrote a good piece for ArsTechnica back in 2012. Mark Summerfield wrote a counter-point to Joe's article for Patentology, looking at what the CSIRO patent did and didn't cover.
The truth is a messy thing. In Wi-Fi's case, success truly did have many fathers.

802.11 Timeline

Footnotes:

1 - ALOHAnet used 100 KHz channels, operating at 9600 baud on the 407 and 413 MHz UHF frequencies. It originally connected seven computers across four islands, which communicated wirelessly with a central computer in a star network topology.
2 - AT&T would go on to buy NCR in 1991, only to spin off the remnants of the division as NCR and Lucent by 1996.

Sources and Further Reading

submitted by mccanntech to networking [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 15:08 comfortable__silence NY Bar Thread for September 30th: From one cretin to another

cretin explanation here in case you missed it, also discussed below ...
//
For a list of all the issues that came up yesterday, see yesterday's thread. Today, so far it's like 9 AM, and we've got this. So, apparently, this Twitter account (anonymous for C+F reasons) has found more potential loopholes that people could exploit. At this point, apparently NYBOLE doesn't care and this is the exam we're going to be taking come hell or high water.
Also, I saw this and didn't know whether to laugh or cry (spoiler: I did both). To sum up, someone on Twitter wrote to their state of board of bar examiners to "politely inform them that test takers were worried about hackers helping other test takers gain early access to the bar exam questions." Their response was SASSY. Really, though, I personally found it super unprofessional and dismissive of the very real concerns we all have. I feel like their responses are scolding us for ... being concerned about a career altering exam. How dare we?! Also, what really showed (to me) how far removed the are is this line where they say that we "... have had a longer period to study than any other group to prepare for an exam containing half the usual content." Oof. How that line is really ... dumb? ignorant? ignoring the fact that ... (1) it's a fucking pandemic; (2) that extra time for many means that much more loss of income; (3) that extra time means putting lives on hold for that much more time; (4) that extra time delays careers; (5) WE DON'T KNOW WHAT'S ACTUALLY GOING TO BE TESTED ... so even though the exam is shorter, it still covers the SAME AMOUNT OF MATERIAL; (6) a shorter exam means everything is worth more so it's harder to "make up" points ... I mean ... the list goes on ...
But ... what's really annoying is there is no accountability on their part, and they can ignore our concerns all they want, and call us cretins. We did everything we could, and now, we have to bear the burden of their mistakes.
And because this is where we're at, here are some mental health resources. Please, if you are struggling, need help, or can help/have other resources to provide, please speak up in thread. As a disclaimer, I have not used these services, so I can't vouch for them, but wanted to try and find some that could help those who may be struggling:
If you are struggling with addiction/substance use that this kind of stress can exacerbate, please think about finding a meeting to attend. Since most of them are virtual now, there's essentially always a meeting happening somewhere that you can join:
Here are some Reddit threads that could help those who are struggling to actually relax during study breaks:
Additional updates (I'll post additional stuff here I find throughout the day if y'all think that would be helpful):
  1. According to this tweet, It looks like the in Florida the court and FBBE is discussing back-up plans today
  2. DC apparently exposed data of examinees, and covered it up.
  3. I know this is like three degrees of separation, but someone on Twitter shared info from a Facebook group: NY BOLE said if you have tech issues and lose time waiting/talking with support, you lose that time. You don't get time back, it's their fault, but we bear the burden.
  4. More security issues/compromised passwords reporting in >>> Please, continue to formally report issues here. And pass it on!
  5. NCBE published this propaganda - I mean article - indicating that people (who?) support a bar exam (I mean, law school deans, and law scholars think it's just gatekeeping, but what do they know!?). The timing of this feels really smug and like they're rubbing it in our faces that they have all the power. Here's a discussion on Twitter. Do the people who "voted" know (1) what law school entails; (2) the other exams/protocols we need for licensure (MPRE, NYLE, C+F); (3) the contents of the bar exam, what it tests, and its relevance to practice; (4) that practice-based admission would actually better "protect" the public if that's what they're concerned with?? I mean, the list goes on ...
  6. This article was published about the NCBE article. I don't know if anyone else feels this way, but it's really frustrating that it feels like diploma privilege is being treated as a short cut while it's really a practice-based path to licensure. No one is getting something for nothing.
  7. BarExamTracker asking to check security for jurisdictions other that DC. Please see here.
  8. Lies about the "success" of the Florida mock exam here, plus news about another back up in Florida. Is this what gaslighting feels like??? ... It looks like the first back up plan will be working with LSAC (who lost peoples' LSAT scores this summer), and then a last resort email/open-book exam).
  9. WHERE ARE THE LEGISLATURES WHO SAID THEY WOULD SUPPORT US?
  10. There's a letter calling for a boycott of the NYSBA for their lack of leadership that's being re-Tweeted again.
  11. This video is floating around now (showing someone with the ability to access Examsoft files). Waiting on BarExamTracker to confirm.
  12. Infosec and EFF are looking into bar exam tech/security issues.
submitted by comfortable__silence to LawSchool [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 12:40 caramel_member I have to admit, I’ve been waiting for this day when I can share the SEPTEMBER news with you, guys. The cyber world was ON FIRE this month!

Lots of news and events, so I think it’s a pretty good time to start weekly news reviews. Also - if you find interesting news related to cyber world, privacy, VPN - share it with the community. Stay safe, guys!
submitted by caramel_member to nordvpn [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 12:32 majinmattossj2 Brazilian Big12 series, Episode 11/12: Cruzeiro

Previous episodes: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians, Santos, Palmeiras
In this series I will present each of the 12 Brazilian teams that together compose the "Big 12". My point is to make them more knowledgeable to you, since each one of these teams have their share of the Brazil national team success and of Brazilian club football accomplishments as a whole. I'll try to be as smooth, efficient and non-boring as I can. If the feedback is positive, I'll keep bringing more to this series. So ok, let's do this!
Method: I'll present the teams in a chronological order, from the oldest foundation (Flamengo-1895) to the latest one (São Paulo-1930). The order will be: Flamengo, Vasco, Fluminense, Grêmio, Botafogo, Atlético Mineiro, Internacional, Corinthians, Santos, Palmeiras, Cruzeiro, São Paulo. How many of these have you heard of?
Extra clubs: Due to a high number of requests, I'll also present 3 teams who don't belong to the Big12, but are also considered big clubs in Brazil: Bahia, Athletico Paranaense and Coritiba. Welcome to the club!
Geographical reference: Before we start, I'd like to ask something very simple from you. I want you to keep in mind that these 12 teams are spread in 4 different States in Brazil. The club's State name is written below, next to the club's name. It has a direct link to Google Maps, so that you can check it out to make this experience more accurate.

Episode 11/12: Cruzeiro (State: Minas Gerais), founded in 1921

State rivals: Atlético Mineiro, América Mineiro

Stadium: Mineirão - New / Old

Mascot: Fox

Major achievements: 2 Copa Libertadores (1976, 1997), 4 Brazilian Leagues (1966, 2003, 2013, 2014), 6 Copa do Brasil (1993, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2017, 2018), 2 Supercopa Libertadores (1991, 1992)

State League titles: 38 (Against Atlético Mineiro's 45, América Mineiro's 16)

PLAY AND LISTEN TO CRUZEIRO'S ANTHEM WHILE READING - Click here
Palestra Italia and the first decades
Inspired by the Italian team founded in São Paulo in 1914, Palestra Italia (eventually Palmeiras), the Belo Horizonte Italian city colony decided to create their own Palestra Italia in 1921. In 1925 already, the club was open to any nationality.
Until 1959, due to Brazil's huge size and weak infrastructure, there wasn't a national league yet, so the teams played inside their own State Leagues. Cruzeiro won their first in 1928, followed by two more titles in 1929 and 1930. At that point, their rivals Atlético Mineiro and América Mineiro had 3 and 10 titles, respectivally.
In 1931, two Cruzeiro's players became the firsts Brazilians bought by an European club: Ninão (FW) and Nininho (LB) left for Lazio in 1931.
1942: World War II, Palestra Italia becomes Cruzeiro
After Brazil's war declaration against the Axis, every Italian/German/Nippon-associated name in the country would have to be rebranded. Palestra Italia became Palestra Mineiro (Mineiro meaning "from the state of Minas Gerais"). However, despite Palestra being a greek word, it had to be taken out aswell. Yale, Ypiranga and Cruzeiro were suggested at the assembly, with the latter being chosen, in honor of the Cruzeiro do Sul constellation.
Through the 1940s, 1950s and until 1965, Cruzeiro won 8 more State League titles, totalizing 11 titles, Atlético Mineiro and América Mineiro had 22 and 12 titles, respectivally.
1965-1977: the dream team
In this period, Cruzeiro stepped up from being a regional team to become a major national protagonist, notably beating the big teams from the Rio-São Paulo axis.
Cruzeiro won 1 Copa Libertadores (1976), 1 Brazilian League (1966) and 10 State Leagues (5 of them consecutively). They also finished 2nd in 3 Brazilian Leagues (1969, 1974, 1975) and 1 Copa Libertadores (1977).
Cruzeiro also provided 7 World Cup call-ups, with Tostão (1966, 1970), Fontana (1970), Piazza (1970, 1974) and Nelinho (1974, 1978). Besides, from 1970 to 1975, 6 Cruzeiro players' were elected to one of the greatest League XI in the world at that time: Brito (1970), Dirceu Lopes (1970, 1971, 1973), Tostão (1970), Piazza (1972), Nelinho (1975) and Palhinha (1975). Tostão was elected 1971 South American Player of the Year.
Everything started in 1965: the team wasn't performing well in the State League, until the building of the new city stadium ended - the Mineirão inspired Cruzeiro to become a more competitive team, so that they ended the State League as undisputed champions.
In 1966, the team was reinforced with some talents, for the 8th edition of the Brazilian League, still disputed in a short knock-out system. Only each State League champion of all the Brazilian states (21) were allowed into it, as well as the current champions. Cruzeiro had never gone beyond a top6 position, but in 1966 everything would be different.
It was in that 1966 season that Cruzeiro beat Pelé's Santos 6-2 in the final, at a full Mineirão (90.000 spectators). It was absurd, and no one could believe that.
Cruzeiro (4-1-5) 6 x 2 Santos (4-2-4)
1. Raul 1. Gylmar
2. Pedro Paulo 2. Carlos Alberto Torres
3. William 3. Mauro
4. Procópio 4. Oberdan
5. Neco o.g. 5. Zé Carlos
6. Piazza 6. Zito
7. Dirceu Lopes 3x 7. Lima
8. Natal 1x 8. Dorval
9. Evaldo 2x 9. Toninho Guerreiro
10. Tostão 1x 10. Pelé
11. Hilton 11. Pepe
Airton Moreira Lula
Santos had 6 World Cup champions on their line-up, and had won 5 consecutive Brazilian League titles, besides being continental and club world champions twice, and having smashed every possible big team in the world. But now, it was Cruzeiro who smashed them 6-2, with a hat-trick from Dirceu Lopes.
The first half ended 5-0 in Cruzeiro's favor, with a constant bombing from them. Santos scored twice in the second half, before Cruzeiro ended the match with their 6th goal: you can see all Cruzeiro goals here.
In the final 2nd leg, the rain transformed the pitch into a mud. Santos ended the first half with a 2-0 advantage, with Pelé scoring once - things seemed to have come back to normal. But they only seemed, as Cruzeiro score three times in the second half, at '63, '73 and '89, besides missing a penalty at '57. First with Tostão from this nice free-kick, then with Dirceu Lopes and Natal. It was over, Cruzeiro had beaten Pelé's Santos and were crowned Brazilian League champions for the first time. Highlights to goalkeeper Raul, who operated miracles throughout the second match and to defensive midfielder Piazza, who made Pelé disappear on the pitch.
This victory meant a lot in the development of Brazil's National League: the 1967 Rio-São Paulo Tournament (interstate league) was then opened and enlarged to teams from the states of Minas Gerais (Cruzeiro, Atlético Mineiro) and Rio Grande do Sul (Grêmio, Internacional), as a recognition of their level, thus creating a new Brazilian League, more condensed and elitized, gathering the best teams from 4 states, rather than the old democratic (but less competitive) format which gathered 21 states.
Cruzeito kept collecting State League titles against their archrival Atlético Mineiro: 5 in a row between 1965 and 1969, then 4 in a row between 1972 and 1975 - 9 titles in 12 years, Cruzeiro's best rate until today. Highlights to Roberto Perfumo, prestigious Argentine center-back, elected to Argentina all-time dream team, who played in 138 matches for Cruzeiro between 1971-74.
In 1969, they finished second to Palmeiras in the Brazilian League, due to just 1 fewer goal on the goal difference (1x2).
In 1974, they finished second to Vasco in the Brazilian League. They had a greater goal difference (2x1) but the rule determined an extra match, which Cruzeiro lost 1-2.
1976: the first Copa Libertadores title
After losing the 1975 Brazilian League final 0-1 to Internacional, Cruzeiro picked the second spot to the 1976 Copa Libertadores.
Only 1 of 4 teams would advance from their group stage, shared with Internacional, and the Paraguayans Olimpia and Sportivo Luqueño. It was pretty much clear that the spot would go either to Cruzeiro or Internacional: they met on the first match, a crazy 5-4 victory to Cruzeiro, who was never behind in the score - they were leading 3-1, Internacional tied at '51, Cruzeiro took the lead again, but Internacional tied at '70, before Cruzeiro closed the coffin at '84 from a penalty kick.
In the second group stage, Cruzeiro demolished Ecuadorians and Peruvians with 4 easy wins: 3-1, 4-0, 7-1, 4-1. They qualified to the big final against River Plate with a 9W-1D campaign, scoring 38 goals in 10 matches.
In the final 1st leg, Cruzeiro demolished the Argentines, beating them 4-1 at home. In the second leg, however, they were beaten 1-2 at the Monumental stadium in Argentina, and the title would be decided in an extra match, in Chile.
In the 3rd and decisive match, Cruzeiro had opened 2-0 at '55 with Nelinho and Eduardo, but River Plate reacted and scored at '59 and '64. At '88, Joãozinho scored the title goal from a free-kick, and Cruzeiro were declared South American champions for the first time, the second Brazilian team to do so.
Palhinha was the topscorer, with 13 goals in 11 matches. The South American level was so crazy back then, that no Cruzeiro player was included in the South American POTY shortlist, with the likes of Figueroa (1st), Zico (2nd) and Rivellino (3rd) making it.
This title qualified Cruzeiro to the 1976 Intercontinental Cup against European champions Bayern München. However, they lost the title over two legs - a 0-2 defeat in Germany and a 0-0 tie in Brazil.
In 1977, Cruzeiro entered the Copa Libertadores on the second stage, as current champions, where they beat Internacional and Portuguesa. In the finals, Boca Juniors beat them 5-4 in the penalties on the third match (0-1, 1-0, 0-0).
Player Period Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup att.
Raul 1965-78 557 - 8 - -
Piazza 1963-78 566 40 59 36 2 (1970, 1974)
Tostão 1964-71 378 249 65 36 2 (1966, 1970)
Dirceu Lopes 1964-77 594 224 19 4 -
Nelinho 1973-82 427 105 21 6 2 (1974, 1978)
Palhinha 1969-76 434 145 16 6 -
Joãozinho 1973-82 482 116 6 1 -
Jairzinho 1976 24 15 105 44 3 (1966, 1970, 1974)
1990s: international glory, birth of Ronaldo Nazário, and Copa do Brasil supremacy
Cruzeiro vanished from the domestic and international scene in the 1980s, collecting just two state league titles in 1984 and 1987.
The 1990s however marked the rebirth of the Fox. They won 6 international titles (1 Libertadores, 2 Supercopa Libertadores, 1 Recopa, 1 Copa Ouro, 1 Copa Master), 3 Copa do Brasil, and saw the uprising of Ronaldo Nazário between 1993 and 1994.
1991-92: back-to-back Supercopa Libertadores titles
The Supercopa Libertadores (1988-97) gathered all the teams who had already conquered the prestigious Copa Libertadores, in a knock-out tournament, that would give a spot in the Recopa Sudamericana.
In 1991, Cruzeiro won it after 8 matches (2W-4D-2L), beating Colo-Colo (Chile) (0-0, 0-0, p.k. 4-3), Nacional (Uruguay) (4-0, 0-3), Olimpia (Paraguay) (1-1, 0-0, p.k. 5-4) and River Plate (Argentina) (0-2, 3-0) in the final.
Highlights to Cruzeiro comeback in the big final, scoring 3 goals on the return leg at home (6mn video), in front of 70.000 spectators. It was Cruzeiro's second international trophy, the second won against River Plate.
In the 1992 title campaign, Cruzeiro beat Atlético Nacional (Colombia) (1-1, 8-0), River Plate (Argentina) (2-0, 0-2, p.k. 5-4), Olimpia (Paraguay) (1-0, 2-2), and Racing (Argentina) (4-0, 0-1) in the final.
The next year, Cruzeiro won their first Copa do Brasil, which had been launched in 1989. They beat Nautico (0-1, 2-0) with this nice qualiyfing-goal after a nutmeg from Nonato. Then they beat the reserves of São Paulo in the quarter-finals, and Vasco in the semis (3-1, 1-1). The final would be against Grêmio, the Brazilian Rei de Copas (King of Cups). First leg away ended 0-0, and at home Cruzeiro won 2-1, with the winning goal coming from a header at '65.
In those years, however, Cruzeiro lost two Recopa Sudamericana to the Libertadores champions Colo-Colo, in 1992, and São Paulo, in 1993.
1993: Ronaldo Nazário, the birth of a legend
At the age of 16, Ronaldo made his professional debut for Cruzeiro. In that 1993 season, Ronaldo played only 29 matches of the team's 62 over the year, and still managed to score 28 goals, being the topscorer. He notably scored 12 goals in 14 Brazilian League matches, and 8 goals (topscorer) in 4 Supercopa Libertadores' matches. In the Supercopa Libertadores, he scored a hat-trick and a brace against Colo-Colo (Chile), a brace against Nacional (Uruguay), before his team fell on penalties.
He also scored 5 goals on the same league match against Bahia, notably this funny/iconic one against the celebrated Uruguayan goalkeeper Rodolfo Rodriguez.
The next season, in 1994, Ronaldo kept destroying his adversaries, before leaving to PSV. He scored 28 in 29 matches, 22 of them in the state league (which Cruzeiro won undefeated), and a special historical one against Boca Juniors in the Copa Libertadores, where he performed his traditional arrancada, going from the midfield past 4 adversaries, including the goalkeeper, before scoring.
He was called and won the 1994 World Cup with Brazil, before leaving Cruzeiro, having scored 56 goals in 58 matches.
Player Period Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup att.
Ronaldo Nazário 1993-94 58 56 105 67 4 (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006)
1996-97: Cruzeiro's second Copa do Brasil and Copa Libertadores titles
As complete underdogs, Cruzeiro won for the second time the Copa do Brasil and the prestigious Copa Libertadores.
In 1996 Copa do Brasil, Cruzeiro demolished Vasco in the round of 16, beating them 6-2 and then tying 1-1. In the quarter-finals, they smashed the good Corinthians of Edmundo and Marcelinho 4-0 and advanced to the semis, where they tied twice against Flamengo (1-1, 0-0). The big final would be against the stellar team of Palmeiras, of the monsters Cafu, Júnior, Djalminha, Luizão and Rivaldo. Cruzeiro had Dida, who saved this shot at the end of the first leg, Marcelo Ramos, who scored the tying goal and the excellent/multichampion Palhinha. The 1-1 tie at home wasn't great, but Cruzeiro somehow managed to beat Palmeiras 2-1 away in the 2nd leg, in a great comeback.
Palmeiras opened the score at '6 with this majestic Djalminha-to-Rivaldo-to-Luizão goal - everyone was expecting a large win by Palmeiras. But Cruzeiro tied at '25 with Roberto Gaucho, after Amaral childish mistake.
In the second half, Dida appeared. The goalkeeper made several great defenses, which prevented Cruzeiro from suffering a massacre. The excellent Palhinha answered with this touch of finesse, saved by Velloso. At '85, Marcelo Ramos scored the winning goal and Cruzeiro were Copa do Brasil champions.
This title qualified Cruzeiro to the 1997 Copa Libertadores.
1997: Copa Libertadores title, Cruzeiro are continental champions again
After 21 years, Cruzeiro won the Copa Libertadores for the second time. Unlike their 1976 squad, the team had a difficult time, with 7W-1D-5L.
The team began with 3 defeats on the group stage (1-2, 0-1, 0-1), one at home against Grêmio and two away, against Peruvian teams Alianza Lima and Sporting Cristal. Cruzeiro needed at least two wins to be part of the 3 teams to advance: they beat Grêmio 1-0 away, then Alianza Lima 2-0 at home, and - already qualified - 2-1 against Sporting Cristal.
In the ro16, Cruzeiro lost the 1st leg away to El Nacional, 0-1. In the return leg, Cruzeiro opened 2-0, but the match ended 2-1, going to the penalties - where the star Dida defended two, and Cruzeiro advanced to the next stage.
Grêmio would be their opponent in the quarter-finals, and playing the first leg at home in the Mineirão, Cruzeiro won 2-0. In the 2nd leg, Cruzeiro opened 1-0, conceded two goals, and left the Olimpico stadium with a 1-2 defeat and qualified to the semis.
In the semi-finals, Cruzeiro met Colo-Colo. In the first leg, at home, the Brazilians won 1-0, after this master-dumb action by Colo-Colo goalkeeper. In Chile, Cruzeiro were losing 1-3, until they scored this savior goal at '63, taking it to the penalties. Dida star shone again, as he defended two penalties and put Cruzeiro on the final.
In the final against Sporting Cristal, the first match would be played in Peru, which was pretty balanced and ended 0-0. In Brazil, Dida saved Cruzeiro again, before Elivelto scored the title goal at '75. Cruzeiro were crowned Copa Libertadores champions for the second time.
However, Cruzeiro only escaped relegation in the national league on the last match - the board only cared about the Intercontinental Cup in December against European champions Borussia Dortmund. They got Bebeto and Donizete on loan just for this match, but they lost it 0-2.
1998: the runner-up season
Cruzeiro increased a lot in 1998 with the arrivals of Fabio Junior, Müller and Valdo.
They finished 2nd in the Brazilian League, in the Copa do Brasil and in the Copa Mercosul. However, they won the State League for the third time in a row, and also won the Recopa Sudamericana against River Plate (2-0, 3-0). In the Copa Libertadores, they were knocked out in the round of 16 by the eventual champions, Vasco.
Dida left at the end of the season to Milan.
2000: third Copa do Brasil title, and the end of a glorious decade
Cruzeiro played 13 matches, with 8W-5D, to secure the 2000 Copa do Brasil title. They notably beat Athletico (2-1, 2-2), Botafogo (3-2, 0-0), Santos (2-0, 2-2) and São Paulo (0-0, 2-1).
Highlights to the big final, against São Paulo. Cruzeiro tied the 1st leg away 0-0, and were losing 0-1 at home in the 2nd leg. At '80, Fabio Junior tied, but Cruzeiro needed one more goal. At '90, Giovanni scored from this free-kick, to the despair of goalkeeper Rogerio Ceni. São Paulo almost tied at '91, the match ended at '92, and Cruzeiro won the Copa do Brasil title for their third time.
Player Period Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup att.
Dida 1994-98 209 - 92 - 3 (1998, 2002, 2006)
Cris 1999-04 260 25 16 1 1 (2006)
Sorín (Argentina) 2000-02 110 17 76 12 2 (2002, 2006)
Marcelo Djian 1998-00 96 5 - - -
Nonato 1991-97 339 22 3 - -
Valdo 1998-00 52 11 65 6 2 (1986, 1990)
Ricardinho 1994-02 411 45 3 - -
Palhinha 1996-97 55 18 16 5 -
Marcelo Ramos 1995-96, 97-00, 01-03 345 162 2 1 -
Fabio Junior 1997-98, 2000 65 30 3 - -
Elivelton 1997-98 20 5 13 1 -
Müller 1998-00 93 24 59 12 3 (1986, 1990, 1994)
Oséas 2000-01 130 55 2 - -
Roberto Gaúcho 1992-97 113 25 - - -
2003: the dream year
Luxemburgo, former Palmeiras, Corinthians and Brazil NT coach, took the job in late 2002, when the team was threatened of relegation, but got saved.
The new coach started building the team for the following season, and the result was an unprecedented national triple crown conquest, with the titles of the State League, the Copa do Brasil and the Brasileirão. Since the creation of the Copa do Brasil in 1989, the only teams that got close to winning both the Copa and the League was Cruzeiro in 1998, finishing second in both, and Corinthians in 2002, winning the Copa and losing the league's final.
But in 2003, Cruzeiro had a powerful and demolishing team that won it all. They started winning the State League undefeated, with 10W-2D. In the Copa do Brasil, they played 11 matches, with 8W-3D, beating Vasco (2-1, 1-1), Goiás (3-2, 2-1) and Flamengo (1-1, 3-1) in the final. Highlights to this back-heel goal by Alex in the final 1st leg. Despite winning the Copa, Cruzeiro still had to prove themselves in the league, because between 2001 and 2012 the best teams in Brazil weren't allowed to play the Copa do Brasil, so that they could focus in the Copa Libertadores.
The 2003 Brazilian League was the first one with a double round-robin and no play-offs in the history of the league. Cruzeiro biggest adversary were Santos, current Brazilian champions and runner-up of the Copa Libertadores, hyped by the upcoming talents of Diego and Robinho. But Cruzeiro had Alex, the most capped Brazilian player in history not to be called to a World Cup, a Palmeiras, Coritiba and Fenerbahçe idol. With him leading the team as a 10, they reached a rate of 72% on the league, over 46 matches, with a win rate of 67%. Cruzeiro led the league all the way around since the 8th round through the 46th round, with the exception of 2 rounds that Santos quickly led (16 and 28). Cruzeiro notably beat Santos 2-0 away and 3-0 at home, the latter match being seen as the most decisive of the league, in which Cruzeiro showed no mercy or fatigue. Until Flamengo's 2019 campaign, this was considered the most dominant display by a team in the "Double Round-Robin National League Era (since 2003)". However, the quality of the national league in 2003 was a couple of tiers above the 2019 one, making Cruzeiro accomplishment relatively more difficult to achieve than 2019 Flamengo's.
Until today, 2003 Cruzeiro is seen as the most powerful Brazilian team of the 21st century, along with 2010 Santos and 2019 Flamengo - in terms of aesthetics, strenght and superiority.
However, the team dismantled in early 2004, and couldn't reach higher levels anymore.
This 48mn documentary tells the whole story of Cruzeiro triple-crown season. Three Cruzeiro players were elected to the League Best XI, namely Maurinho, Maldonado and Alex, the latter also winning the League Golden Ball.
Player Period Apps Goals Brazil NT Caps Goals World Cup att.
Gomes 2002-04 108 - 12 - 1 (2010)
Maurinho 2003-06 107 5 2 - -
Maicon 2000-04 101 3 77 7 2 (2010, 2014)
Edu Dracena 2003-06 131 11 3 - -
Luisão 2000-03 114 13 47 3 2 (2006, 2010)
Augusto Recife 2002-04 144 2 - - -
Maldonado (Chile) 2003-05 116 4 41 1 -
Alex 2001-04 123 63 51 12 -
Aristizabal (Colombia) 2003-04 80 36 66 15 2 (1994, 1998)
Deivid 2003 37 28 - - -
Mota 2003-04 57 24 - - -
You can see some highlights of the maestro Alex in this video (5mn), but make sure to check this goal, also this one and this one.
2013-14: back-to-back Brazilian League champions
After Cruzeiro's 2003 dream season, they reached the Copa Libertadores final in 2009, traumatically losing the final 1-2 at home to Estudiantes, after opening the score at '51 - they tied the 1st leg 0-0 in Argentina. In 2010, Cruzeiro was the Brazilian League runner-up. On the last league match in 2011, Cruzeiro feared relegation, but won the historical derby against their archrival Atlético Mineiro by the score of 6-1, a derby record. Cruzeiro also won some state leagues here and there, but never managed in their whole history to surpass Atlético Mineiro in overall state league titles - the closest was in 1930, when they had 3 titles each.
In 2013 and 2014 Cruzeiro won back-to-back Brazilian League titles, reaching the number of 4 titles (1966, 2003, 2013, 2014). In 2013, Cruzeiro led 26 of 38 rounds, and had 5 players elected to the League's Best XI: Fábio, Mayke, Dedé, Nilton, and Golden Ball winner, Éverton Ribeiro. In 2014, Cruzeiro led 32 of 38 league rounds, all consecutively since the 6th round - a league record, until 2017 Corinthians (33 leading rounds). Cruzeiro also had 2 players elected to the League's Best XI: Lucas Silva and Golden Ball winner, Ricardo Goulart. Later that season, they had a shot at winning their second national triple crown, but lost the Copa do Brasil final to their archrival Atlético Mineiro (0-2, 0-1).
Highlights to this golaço of Éverton Ribeiro against Flamengo in the 2013 Copa do Brasil.
Player Period Apps Goals
Fábio 2005- 897 -
Dedé 2013- 194 18
Mayke 2013-18 138 3
Egídio 2013-14, 17-19 199 4
Nilton 2013-14 91 11
Lucas Silva 2011-14, 17-19 190 6
Henrique 2008-11, 13-19 521 27
Everton Ribeiro 2013-15 117 24
Ricardo Goulart 2013-14 115 42
Borges 2012-14 75 28
Dagoberto 2013-15 81 23
Marcelo Moreno (Bolivia) 2007-08, 2014, 2020- 103 47
Willian 2013-16 185 40
2017-2018: back-to-back Copa do Brasil champions
In 2017, Cruzeiro won their 5th Copa do Brasil title, with 7W-5D-2L. From the quarter-finals until the title, they won either on penalties or on away goal: against Palmeiras (3-3, 1-1), the qualifying goal came at home with this header at '84, then against Grêmio (0-1, 1-0, p.k. 3-2) with Fábio saving Luan's last penalty, and the final against Flamengo (1-1, 0-0, p.k. 5-3 - no away goal rule), with Fábio saving Diego's penalty.
In 2018, Cruzeiro won their 6th Copa do Brasil title, a national record, with 5W-2D-1L. They beat Athletico in the round of 16 (2-1, 1-1), Santos in the quarter-finals (1-0, 1-2, p.k. 3-0) with Fábio saving all three Santos penalties (Bruno Henrique, Rodrygo, Jean Mota), Palmeiras in the semis (1-0, 1-1), and finally Corinthians in the big final (1-0, 2-1), with this nice chipping last goal from Arrascaeta.
Player Period Apps Goals
Ezequiel 2016-18 70 1
Léo 2010- 380 19
Diogo Barbosa 2017 59 2
Alisson 2012-17 161 22
Rafinha 2016-18 125 11
Robinho 2016-2020 176 23
Rafael Sóbis 2016-18 116 24
Arrascaeta (Uruguay) 2015-18 186 49
2019-today
In 2019, Cruzeiro went from being title favorites to being relegated to Serie B. Not only the club went through a huge financial/debt crisis, but also the club's expensive players chose not to care about the results - a shameful and enormous disengagement led by Cruzeiro's biggest villain and conspirator, the midfielder Thiago Neves. The club now fights against FIFA-debts punishments and is in the Serie B relegation zone to Serie C.
To this day, Cruzeiro has a fanbase of 7 million supporters, and a stadium attendance average of 24.200, as of 2019.
If you have any questions about Brazilian football, feel free to join us at futebol, where you'll be very welcomed!
submitted by majinmattossj2 to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 12:03 remote-enthusiast Collected 76 jobs published in last 24h

Hello friends! These are the open remote positions I've found that were published today. See you tomorrow! Bleep blop 🤖
submitted by remote-enthusiast to remotedaily [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 11:55 trihai3012 Common sites with HIGHEST payout and STABLE income

This is a long post, but please try to read it all and select the most suitable one for you. When you see any sites with good payout and good potential, feel free to create a post. Also when you know site that is scam, please create a post to alert everyone as soon as possible.

There're 4 main and common types of task you will encounter when using beermoney sites. You can use all the sites or just pick the most suitable type and site to work with. Using a number of sites is recommended, as the number of tasks on one site is not high enough, and the tasks will not appear continuously.

I. MICRO-TASK (also know as Crowdsourcing task)

The task is vary from article assessment, information collection, search-query classification/answer relevance, taking or collecting photo/video, to object identification,... The number of tasks will increase as you complete tasks.
Pros:
- The number of tasks is higher and more stable than other type of beermoney.
- The payout is appropriate to your time and effort. You can even make stable income with them.
Cons:
- Sometime you will need to pass the training test to access the task.
- Your work may not be accepted if it does not meet the guideline.
- It can be a little hard in the beginning. There's also not many tasks for you, but BE PATIENT, because they haven't been able to fully assess your ability yet.
1-Toloka Yandex:
This is one of my favorite micro task sites, and is the first on the list when I make beermoney site suggestion.
The tasks are mainly in English and Russian. They also have task in your mother language too, depend on your setting and location. Don't worry about the language, as you can easily have it to be translated with google translate extension or any translation site and the task is easy enough to understand.
The minimum withdrawal is $0.02 if you request to withdrawal once a week, and it will be $1 if more than once a week. You can withdraw the money to PayPal, Payoneer, Skrill or papara. But to be able to withdraw with PayPal, you will need a verified PayPal account.
Here are registration links: ref-link and no-ref
2-Clickworker:
One of the most popular micro task sites, you can find many recommendations and good reputation about them. But to make the most if it, you will need to unlock UHRS, as describe here.
You can receive payment with PayPal.
No need to say anymore, here are the links: ref-link and no-ref
3-Neevo DefinedCrowd
Another micro-task site you should take a look. The tasks is quite similar to other micro-task sites, with good payout. The tasks can be transcription, image collecting and verification,...
You will need to do some language test to be able to access task. The tasks are list on dashboard, but usually they will invite you through your email.
You also will receive payment via PayPal.
Note: in order to receive as many tasks as possible, when you're asked to input languages you can use, make sure to input languages together with it variants. For example, you can use English, and it has English for American, English for Australian,... then you will select all that variants
Here is registration link: no-ref
4-Remotasks
You will need to take part in training and pass the test to be able to access a large number of tasks here. The tasks are categorization, text highlighting, image annotation, semantic segmentation,... and well-known Lidar Annotation and Segmentation.
With enough training, you will make stable income with this site, and the payment is sent to your PayPal account.
Here are registration links: ref-link and no-ref
NOTE FOR MICRO-TASK:
  1. It's high recommended to use all those sites, and maybe other sites if you want, because the tasks are not shown continuously.
  2. Make sure to fully understand the guideline, as you will not be credited if you work fails to meet the requirement, which will waste your time and effort.
  3. If you find any task with really low credit but require a lot of time and effort, don't do it. If the requester still be able to find worker, they will always offer that price. It's not worth your time, just going to other tasks or going to other sites to see if there're any available tasks for you.

II. OFFER WALL TASK

Another way to earn beermoney online is to complete Offer wall tasks. You will be asked to installing app on your smartphone, signing up, playing game and reaching determined level, or watching video,.... Doing survey can also be listed here, but it will be shown in separate section.
There're many offer walls for you to choose, with different payout level. Usually each beermoney site will list many offer walls, one offer can appear in more than one site/wall, so make sure to surf around and compare the credit to find the best and highest payout wall/site to complete that offer.
Pros:
- Easy to do
- Can complete offer many times if you have different kinds of phone (mostly Android and iOS), or using another phone as the tasks are listed on many different offer walls.
- Can earn money while playing and relaxing, as mostly the offered apps are games. Some apps only requires you to install and open, make it really quick to have some beermoney.
Cons:
- The payout is not very high. Especially when that offer is going through many walls and sites to reach you.
- Some offer take much time to complete.
- The number of offer is not high enough to do daily.
1-GG2U:
This is my favorite site (as favorite as Toloka Yandex site). Their paying rate is the highest in the market (if you find any other site which is higher, feel free to suggest :D). Aside from installing and registering app, they also have many survey walls for you.
The most attractive part is that they will give you $1 bonus right after signing up, and after 5 withdrawal requests, you will have a chance to earn up to $7 bonus.
You can withdraw money to your PayPal account or Coinbase (crypto wallet), with the minimum to request withdrawal is $7.
You definitely should try this site. Here are registration links: ref-link and no-ref
2-Cointiply
One of the most popular sites, with great community.
They will pay you with cryptocurrency like Bitcoin or Doge. You will have many chances to earn coins, by doing offer walls task, rolling the faucet every 1 hour, testing your luck with multiplier or by activating in their really crowded chat room.
You can also earn some coins by clicking Paid-to-click ads. Most of the time, those ads are from Cointiply user with their referral link embedded, so if you register sites when viewing those ads, they will earn some commission. You can try this strategy too :D
With their mobile app, it will be much easier to do mobile offers. Make sure to check your email and mobile app to get the user-limited Promotion Codes regularly.
Registration links: ref-link and no-ref
3-Swagbucks
Sometime you can earn money by spending less. Swagbucks offers a big number of sites where you can receive cash back when you shop online. If you shop online a lot, it's worth to take a look
Here are registration link for shopping: ref-link-shopping and no-ref-shopping
Beside the cash back program, Swagbucks also provides offer wall, however the paying rate is not as high as those 2 sites above. Anyway, if you want to try, here's your registration link: ref-link and no-ref
4-EarnCrypto
If you're into doing offer walls task and earning crypto currency, try take a look at this site too.
Their paying rate is quite lower than 3 sites above, but they have Data entry task, which is daily, for you to earn some coins. By ranking high on their daily leader board, you will be rewarded with a great amount of coins (can even be higher than your earning from doing the data entry task itself :D).
There are many different kinds of crypto currency for you to select.
Just take a look if you have time: ref-link and no-ref
NOTE FOR OFFER WALL TASK:
  1. Every offer wall has a place to track your activity history, like what offer you clicked, what offer you completed and did you receive credit or not. Every time you're about to do an offer, after entering that offer (usually when you click an offer, a small panel about what offer is, there will be a button name 'continue' or 'go to offer', after you click that button, you're entering the offer), make sure that offer appears in your history tab of the offer wall. This will enable you to request support in case you complete the offer and have not received credit yet. If it have not appear in the history list, you will not be credited for that offer, so try to click it again.
  2. To find the history tab, after entering offer wall, you will need to find a button named 'My coin', 'My history', 'Support', or button with question mark,... That button should be easy to be found.
  3. Try to surf around the find the offer wall and site having the highest paying rate for the offer, as the same offer will appear in many offer walls and sites.
  4. When you're about to start to do an offer of installing app (especially game), try to read the comment in appstore/playstore to see whether the offer's requirements can be easily to fulfill or not. For example, the requirements are: 1. install game, 2. open it, 3. reach level 30; and you find some comment about cannot reach level 25, or it takes months to reach level 29, then skip that offer, it's not worth the try.

III. PAY TO SEARCH

You can earn nearly passive income from this type of task. They will give you some query, you will search with that query, entering determined site, leaving that site opened for couple of minutes.
Pros:
- It's super easy to do.
- While leaving the site open, you can do any other thing you want, like doing some micro-tasks.
- The paying rate is quite good, especially when you will not need to do much.
Cons:
- The number of queries is not very high.
1-SerpClix
In order to receive more queries to search, make sure to leave the site open and allow the notification.
Even though SerpClix recommends you to click on the page, don't do that, just using scrollbar. SerpClix will automatically navigate to sub page of that page. Another suggestion here is to install adblock extension, because SerpClix will ban you if you click on any ads on the page, so blocking them before hand is a good move.
Here your registration links: ref-link and no-ref

IV. SURVEY

Probably all offer walls have some kind of surveys there, some surveys are only available through offer walls, some have their own sites. By using their own sites will not guarantee that you will have higher payout though.
Make sure to be honest when doing survey, despite the fact that you will sometime be disqualified from the survey. There's many reasons why you are disqualified, like because your job is not suitable, your demography is not their target, your answer is not persistent,...
BE CAREFUL, they will keep track of you, even if you clear your cookie, so being dishonest can lead you to be banned from their sites. Again, BE HONEST, and there will be suitable surveys for you.
There will be two types of survey for you: the first one is filling form and selecting answer from their suggestion, the second one is to talk with them directly or via Video call apps. The second one has much much higher earning but the requirement is also higher too.
Pros:
- Easy to do, just being honest
- High payout, especially with the second type of survey.
- Some survey only need 5 minutes to complete with good payout.
Cons:
- Some survey can take about 30 minutes to complete, so make sure that you have enough free time.
- You will be disqualified if your information is not suitable to their survey's target. BUT ALWAYS BE HONEST.
1-SurveyTime
One of the best sites out there, my favorite one. They will instantly sent you $1 or $0.5 (depend on survey) to your PayPal or Coinbase account when you complete the survey. You will not need to meet the minimum to withdrawal. The survey you will do here is the first type, filling in the form and selecting answer.
You can register with SurveyTime through some offer walls, as they will give you some coins when you complete the survey.
Make sure to turn on Browser notification and Email notification so that you don't miss any survey.
Registration links: no-ref
2-Toluna
Also a popular survey site you can take a look. The type of survey is also filling in the form and selecting answer. They will send you notification email when there're surveys suitable to you.
You can select payment via PayPal or mobile card, with the minimum of about $2.5
Registration links: ref-link and no-ref
3-Mobrog
This is one of the highest payout survey sites. They also notify you via email when there're surveys suitable to you. They will send you payment via PayPal with the minimum of $6.25
Registration links: ref-link and no-ref
NOTE FOR SURVEY TASK:
  1. sometime, they will provide the must-select answer in the question to test if your attention. Make sure to read the question carefully. For example, the question is "Do you agree that 1 + 1 = 2? Select option [I do not agree] in the answer", if you select [I agree], you fail.
  2. BE CAREFUL - BE HONEST
  3. During survey, be careful not to install any app, or download any thing, or upload your social data file when asked. In that case, just contact survey site support and report it.

Last word, BE PATIENT - earning online can be a little hard in the beginning.

Feel free to share your experience when using beermoney sites (and your referral link too if those a new sites :D) or ask question about any beermoney sites by creating new post. Also creating new post when you know that any site is scam or becomes scam.

P.S 1: In case you need a Crypto wallet, you can use Coinbase, registration links: ref-link and no-ref
P.S 2: You can add some email addresses to PayPal account, so you can use many email address to register to beermoney sites if you want
P.S 3: If you're confident with your English, and have a computer, microphone and webcam, you can try Usertesting site, you will using the request-to-test site, while talking about your experience.
Here is the link: no-ref
submitted by trihai3012 to beermoneyASEAN [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 07:42 Lamont-Cranston The Koch/Republican network

I do not believe what is going in America has to do with Russian interference, I believe it can be much more clearly explained and understood as powerful domestic interests asserting their control.
The Koch/Republican network is taking - over - state - legislatures across the country: closing voting stations in minority areas, purging voters, engaging in extreme gerrymandering of districts and efforts to oppose this through popular ballots are restricted, disenfranchising voters, engaging in "vote caging", preventing students from voting, enacting nebulous signature mismatch rules, as well as onerous1 2 Voter ID laws1 written by ALEC, a group that also hosts gerrymandering tutorials, changing the rules of governance to make their control permanent and legal, and at a Council for National Policy seminar the need to bring back 'poll watcher' intimidation tactics has been discussed.
Should they manage to lose elections in spite of all these efforts they vow to redouble them using lame duck sessions before the changeover to impede the new government, strip Governors of power, and reassign legislative authority; some become angry and paranoid and start advocating violence, others brazenly admit what they are doing. A Heritage Foundation fellow addressing the Council for National Policy candidly admits that Republican Party results would be hampered by Voting Rights protections and non-partisan districting. In states they no longer have a majority they simply resort to wrecking the legislative process.
On the other hand in North Carolina despite having gerrymandered the legislature and congressional districts they have bizarrely insisted on engaging in unnecessary electoral fraud.
All of this is being carried out by state legislatures, Secretaries of State, Attorneys General, and Governors1 the Kochs have contributed to and directed their network of fake grassroots fronts like Americans for Prosperity to campaign for them in elections and many are members of ALEC. Some even come directly from the Koch network. Once they have achieved office and solidified their power with this campaign they begin a new second campaign of serving their powerful backers introducing legislation written by ALEC - ALEC is a policy institute/'model legislation' generating body staffed with industry lobbyists and elected representatives, it was founded in the 1970s by Paul Weyrich, also the co-founder of The Heritage Foundation and the Council for National Policy and who famously declared at a meeting of Republican Party representatives that he did not want everyone to vote and that in order for the party to win elections they need fewer people to vote, today it is heavily funded by the Kochs and Koch Industries is on its corporate advisory board, and it coordinates with their fronts through the State Policy Network and Americans for Prosperity campaigns for its members - that personally benefit Koch Industries like limiting liability claims on its subsidiaries and freezing renewable energy and efficiency standards, labor and industrial and environmental deregulation, tax cuts for the rich which coupled with supermajority laws is the cause of the drop in rural healthcare and education funding, which is then used to rationalize the privatisation of education through charter schools and push resegregation, stack the judiciary, oppose and even criminalize Dark Money disclosure, criminalize oil pipeline protests, and gerrymander Congress so their preferred candidates get in.
A byproduct of this process is religious fundamentalists and extreme far right elements gain positions in state legislatures through serving elite corporate interests and use the enormous legislative power now amassed to carry out their own agenda.
You fight this in the court and either they've stacked them or the judges rule in your favor and they just try again and replace the judges for the next round. If it goes to the federal courts either they rule in their favor or its litigated for so long the courts declare its too late to change. Meaning that in North Carolina a 50.3% electoral result grants them 10 of the 13 Congressional seats, and in Wisconsin they gain 63% of the state legislature on 46% of the vote. So of course they now try to delay changing for the 2020 election. In Georgia a judicial election was simply cancelled and the new judge appointed by the governor. All of this is being carried out under the accusation that other people are committing voter fraud, which courts have dismissed as conjecture.
Now they're doing the same thing nationally. Trumps Vice President1, Secretary of State1, and administration positions are staffed with Koch cronies. More are being appointed to the Federal Reserve, regulatory and oversight positions at the Department of Energy, Department of the Interior where they shut down reports by declaring "science is a Democrat thing" and at the EPA where they usher in corporate friendly deregulation benefiting their former employers and endangering lives, the FCC, and NOAA. And supporting his Supreme Court nominations123.
Key components of the Trump administrations policies come straight out of the Koch agenda. Trumps original tax plan while it did include numerous taxcuts for the rich also included a Border Adjustment Tax that would have rendered them revenue neutral so as not to add to the deficit and encourage domestic manufacturing. You have to give the devil his due. After lobbying from the Koch network this was removed and the Paul Ryan plan was pure taxcuts for the rich, increasing the deficit by a trillion and personally saved the Kochs a billion dollars. The attacks on Medicaid and food stamps, rollback of auto emission standards, attacks on environmental regulation, and disastrous cutbacks to the CDC all come straight from their playbook. They spent 400 million on the 2018 midterms and across the country they are lobbying for 'right to work' laws and organising campaigns against Public Transit ballots.
The question Trumps Commerce Secretary wished to include into the 2020 Census regarding citizenship status originate from the same Republican strategist that designed the REDMAP gerrymandering initiative and his own research concluded the question would favor rural white citizens over others via intimidating minorities into not participating, ensuring Census data would be skewed allowing for district boundaries to be further gerrymandered as well as Electoral College votes + federal spending to be apportioned incorrectly.
What else do they want, how far does this go? A key influence on the Kochs was the economist James McGill Buchanan who advocated for "locks and bolts" to be instituted in government to limit the publics democratic ability to influence it so that the free market can be free. Like state legislatures requiring a supermajority to raise taxes or to approve cities funding public transportation, and gerrymandering legislatures and disenfranchising voters to gain that majority. The ultimate goal is to hardwire this into the Constitution itself and the Koch network has been active in campaigning for a Constitutional Convention. They have three items on the agenda for it already:
And now amidst the chaos of 2020 President Trumps administration and state Republican law makers are trying to introduce a range of measures to prohibit mail-in voting and other initiatives like trying to restrict providing assistance to others to get to polling stations to restricting ballots from being received after Election Day to restricting early and mail-in ballot counting to only begin on Election Day to simply demanding they not be counted because reasons, attempts are being made to demand the result be called on Election Day, and to cap it all off the USPS has had key mail sorting infrastructure shut down or dismantled which will delay the collection and delivery of mail-in ballots – all adding up to ensure many mail-in votes would go uncounted due to being delayed or a lack of time to process them. Now there are reports that they are trying to get electors appointed to the Electoral College that will disregard the results.
I do not know yet how much of this comes from the Koch network, certainly the attempts to deter mail-in voting have many familiar faces and groups, and how much from the Presidents own pathology. But his rhetoric and efforts are certainly built upon the anti-election and anti-democratic infrastructure they have developed and the baseless voter fraud gaslighting groups like ALEC and the Heritage Foundation generated to justify it all.
In any other country you'd call this a soft coup.
How do you stop this?
You can't vote them out, the gerrymandering and disenfranchisement ensure their minority has a majority of power.
Where is the Democratic Party while this goes on? In 2018 their biggest concern was avoiding scary words and creating the... BoomerCorps. Now in 2020 amidst a variety of disasters their focus has been on calling President Trump fat, saying he has "doggy doo" on his pants, and harping on about alleged Russian interference.
So what the hell do you do?
submitted by Lamont-Cranston to AmericanFascism2020 [link] [comments]


2020.09.30 02:42 shylock92008 Veteran National Security Journalist Elaine Shannon Attempts to Debunk Hector Berrellez & THE LAST NARC: TV Spies: Amazon’s Wacky CIA Drug War Conspiracy Flick Draws Qanon Raves 'The Last Narc' docudrama peddles a conspiracy theory that the CIA had a hand in the murder of DEA agent Kiki Camarena.

Jack Lawn and Elaine Shannon don't read the Los Angeles Times?
https://isgp-studies.com/DL_1985_DEA_agent_torture_with_Mexican_officials_present
There were plenty of headlines back in 1990 mentioning CIA, Contras and cartels:

TV Spies: Amazon’s Wacky CIA Drug War Conspiracy Flick Draws Qanon Raves

'The Last Narc' docudrama peddles a conspiracy theory that the CIA had a hand in the murder of DEA agent Kiki Camarena.

📷Elaine Shannon Sep 27
Does the world need another Deep State conspiracy theory?
Amazon Studios obviously thinks so.
In these grim times, with tens of millions of Americans frightened, angry and ready to believe the worst about their government and each other, Amazon Studios and Amazon Prime have inexplicably chosen to stream a disturbing pseudo-documentary that falsely claims that the CIA and the DEA conspired with Mexican drug kingpins to torture and murder a brave American.
The Last Narc, produced by Texas filmmaker Tiller Russell, is a cynical reimagining of the 1985 death of DEA agent Enrique “Kiki” Camarena, who was dragged into a car outside the U.S. consulate in Guadalajara on February 7, 1985. DEA and FBI agents assigned to Operation Leyenda, as DEA called the murder investigation, plunged deep into Mexico. They didn’t find every fact, but they got enough of them to be sure that the horrendous crime was orchestrated by Guadalajara cartel kingpins and corrupt Mexican officials at all levels.
As a correspondent for Newsweek, then Time, I followed the investigators as they pounded the streets of Guadalajara, the dirt tracks along the border, the sterile hallways of the FBI forensics lab and government executive suites in Washington. I broke dozens of stories about the murder and the growth of the Latin cartels. I wrote a best-selling book, Desperados, published in 1988, about the Camarena case and the narcokleptocracy that killed him.
Along the way I met dozens of heroes—honest men and women, badge-wearers and civilians, citizens of several countries, who turned up truths deemed inconvenient by much of official Washington, Mexico City, Wall Street and international banks addicted to drug money.
One hero was U.S. Customs Commissioner Willy von Raab, who, a week after Camarena disappeared, ordered 100 percent inspections of all people and vehicles attempting to cross from Mexico. He effectively slammed the border shut and unrepentantly incurred the wrath of his boss, Treasury Secretary (and future secretary of state) James Baker, one of the most formidable humans ever to park his wingtips under a mahogany desk in the nation’s capital. But Von Raab’s bold move worked. On March 5, after merchants on both sides of the border howled in financial pain, the Mexican police “discovered” Camarena’s body, exhumed from a shallow grave in Guadalajara and dumped on a roadside in the next state.
Another hero was the CIA officer who alerted the DEA office in Mexico City that the agency had stolen the darkest, most valuable secret of all: The Mexican government appeared to have obtained, or perhaps itself made, tapes of Camarena’s torture. The CIA man shared a snippet of a transcript with the cover name of an informant. Nobody but Jaime Kuykendall, Camarena’s close friend, and Camarena himself used that handle. Its inclusion convinced Kuykendall that the whole transcript was genuine.
The CIA man could have gotten in trouble for burning a good source—somebody in government, possibly in the Mexican interior ministry, which controlled the Federal Security Directorate (DFS), a secret police agency that was the CIA’s counterpart and proxy. Often, DFS officers moonlighted as counter-surveillance agents and enforcement for the Guadalajara cartel, and traffickers carried DFS badges. Exposing a dirty source in the security apparatus could have disrupted the agency’s mission, which was not to solve murders or chase drug traffickers. But the CIA officer must have acted out of a belief that the American people had a right to the truth, no matter how ugly.
The CIA tip enabled another hero, DEA chief Jack Lawn, to confront Mexican officials and demand the torture tapes. Lawn got five of them. (Two more were thought to exist and are missing to this day.) Listening to tapes was a terrible but necessary task for Camarena’s bereaved friends and partners. They would eventually identify the interrogator through voice prints as a former commander of the Political and Social Investigations (IPS), a secret police element that, like the DFS, was part of the interior ministry. The interrogator was after the identities of DEA informants and what Camarena and his partners knew about corrupt Mexican politicians, military and police figures.
I’ve recently talked to many of the people I met while on the trail of Camarena”s killers. These include two DEA administrators, Jack Lawn and Rob Bonner; the first Leyenda supervisors, Bill Coonce, Carlo Boccia and Jack Taylor; and numerous other senior investigators who did ground-breaking work. But you won’t hear them in The Last Narc.
Real documentaries dig up facts, air all sides of a story, feature dissenting voices as well as those in agreement, and tell viewers what they don’t know and need to know. Instead, the “Everything Store,” as Amazon likes to call itself, is streaming to its 150 million (as of January 2020) pandemic-fatigued Prime subscribers a clichéd CIA-did-it yarn dreamed up by a bitter retired DEA agent named Hector Berrellez, now 73. Producer Russell has told interviewers that he was put onto the story by Chuck Bowden, a freelance journalist, now deceased, who in 2014 published a series of interviews with Berrellez on the online outlet Medium.
Berrellez disagrees with nearly everything other agents concluded about who killed Kiki Camarena and why. The real question is, who’s right?
Zero Dark Evidence
Berrellez claims, without hard substantiation, that a retired CIA officer, Felix Rodriguez (a Cuban-American famed for his roles in the Bay of Pigs, the Vietnam War and the CIA’s covert war in Nicaragua) had Camarena tortured and executed to protect an agency drug-running scheme that was financing the Nicaraguan Contras, the anti-Communist jungle fighters supported by the Ronald Reagan White House. Berrellez says he has learned, from cartel bodyguards-turned-informants whom he recruited and paid that “Felix Rodriguez...interrogated Kiki Camarena and was there at the scene where Kiki was killed,” and that unnamed officials at DEA headquarters forced him to keep silent—committing multiple felonies, if true.
Three current or former DEA agents who debriefed the informants in the early 1990s, when the investigation was active, say the snitches never mentioned Rodriguez, or “Max Gomez,” his cover name, or a Cuban, or the CIA or the Contras.
Berrellez also charges, also with risible “evidence,” that DEA higher-ups helped the CIA cover up the alleged murder plot by destroying Berrellez’ reports and also telling him not to write reports about the spy agency’s involvement.
Both things can’t be true.
The Last Narc attempts to portray Berrellez as a hero—the hero—of the case.
Fact is, Berrellez didn’t come near the murder case until 1989, when it was in wrap-up mode. He didn’t crack the case, as Russell and Amazon now claim. He was not on the street, working on the murder investigation, during the first four years, when it was at its most urgent and when critical breakthroughs were made.
I would know. I was there, and I have the nightmares to prove it. So do the agents who were on the ground during those terrible times.
“By the time Berrellez got involved in it, the case was all solved,” Coonce, the senior DEA investigator who led the investigation for the crucial first year, told me. “He solved nothing.”
“Hector was always into aggrandizement, as can be seen in the many and varied ways that he has chased the dollar, fame, and played very loose with the facts,” says Dale Stinson, who worked with both Berrellez and Camarena and served as Operation Leyenda agent in Mexico City. (Among other achievements, he elicited an admission of guilt from the flamboyant Guadalajara cartel kingpin Rafael Caro Quintero.)
“It’s shameful,” says Stinson, “that Hector would build his reputation on the death of a good man who sacrificed more than any of the rest of us.”
Beyond Berrellez and his small circle—consisting of two other disaffected ex-agents who were also not there during the important first years; three informants, all paid generously at Berrellez’ direction, and Berrellez’ mother—I haven’t found a single active-duty or former DEA agent who confirms Berrellez’ conspiracy theory. I can’t even find an agent who says that Berrellez related the theory back in 1989 through the early 1990s, when he was working the case. I asked Berrellez exactly when he came up with it, and who he told about it. He has not answered.
I believe Berrellez concocted the theme only within the past few years, knowing that conspiracy theories about the CIA and so-called Deep State sell.
“Amazon has created a cruel and unfeeling interpretation of a tragedy that struck at the heart of the Camarena story and every employee of the DEA,” says Larry McElynn, president of the Association of Federal Narcotics Agents. In a statement, McElynn called the production a “shoddy fictional enterprise” and “cheap entertainment.”
Russell did not respond to detailed questions about the production, among them: why the production did not include interviews with numerous current and former DEA agents who disagree with Berrellez’ allegations.
Shipra Gupta, a spokesperson for Amazon Studios, responded to our request for comment by asking for names of our sources and the focus of our story; she did not address the specific questions emailed to Russell and Berrellez.
“I believe that Hector is delusional,” says Lawn, DEA administrator from March 1985 to March 1990. “Berrellez is trying to enhance his self-image as a gunslinger and to mythologize his years as a special agent.”
“Some of the things Berrellez says are so ridiculously outrageous, it would be amazing that anybody would give him any credit,” says Bonner, who succeeded Lawn from August 1990 to November 1993. Bonner served as U.S. Attorney for Los Angeles from 1984 to early 1989, overseeing the prosecution of defendants charged with the Camarena murder. He sat as a federal judge from February 1989 to August 1990, leaving the post to take the helm of DEA.
“I wrote and debriefed most of the informants in the Leyenda investigation,” says ex-agent Sal Leyva, who worked on the Leyenda case from the day Camarena was reported missing and who was later transferred to Los Angeles to work on the Leyenda group, when it was supervised by Berrellez. Leyva says that he wrote most of the informant debriefing reports that Berrellez signed. Three of those informants are shown in The Last Narc, claiming that they saw Felix Rodriguez at the house where Camarena was tortured.
My question for Berrellez and others at DEA is, what did the informants say in the late 1980s and early 1990s, when Berrellez first recruited them? Did they say then what they’re saying now, on camera—that they saw a CIA man, an American, someone speaking with a Cuban accent, or someone using the names Felix Rodriguez or Max Gomez at the murder scene?
No, says Leyva. “I was always with Hector almost 24/7 I would have known.”
Easy Company
From 1985 to 1988 the Leyenda investigation was supervised by Bill Coonce, Carlo Boccia and Jack Taylor, all senior supervisors at DEA headquarters, with teams of investigators in Washington, Guadalajara, Mexico City, San Diego and Los Angeles feeding them data. Bonner’s office filed the first conspiracy indictment, unsealed on January 6, 1988, charging the three Guadalajara kingpins, three high-ranking Mexican police officials and the former secret police interrogator. The kingpins—Rafael Caro Quintero, Ernesto Fonseca and Miguel Felix Gallardo—remain In Mexico to this day. In 1989, as several cases of marginal figures charged in the Los Angeles case were going to trial, the DEA investigative team was consolidated in the agency’s Los Angeles office. Berrellez was assigned to that team.
Doug Kuehl, a highly respected agent in Los Angeles, supervised the team until he asked for a demotion to avoid a transfer to DEA headquarters, because of family obligations. The supervisor’s job went to Berrellez, on account of his seniority.
Berrellez was known as a good undercover agent because of his facility with Spanish and swagger, a plus when meeting with traffickers nose-to-nose. He was not known for the kind of methodical fact-finding and critical thinking at which Kuehl excelled.
The Leyenda group, reduced to five or six agents, sat in a common area, and Berrellez had an office adjoining them. According to Leyva, they shared information freely. Would they have kept quiet if they had learned of new and explosive evidence that an American citizen or a CIA operative was involved in the murder of Camarena?
“Impossible,” says Leyva.
“There was never ever a CIA connection to the case,” says another former agent who was part of the Leyenda group in Los Angeles in those years. “We never had any informant say anything about a Cuban or Felix Rodriguez or Max Gomez.” This man asked not to be named because he still works in a sensitive position.
The Amazon film contends that senior DEA officials in Mexico and Washington conspired with the CIA and the Guadalajara cartel to murder the agent. That is a breathtaking charge that, if proven, would confirm conspiracy theorists’ worst suspicions, that balaclava-clad U.S. government assassins liquidate innocents at will.
Berrellez’ informants are shown in The Last Narc claiming that they witnessed a DEA official accepting bags of cash from kingpin Ernesto Fonseca, and that they saw that DEA official at meetings where the traffickers were planning the Camarena abduction.
Agents who worked on the case in the 1980s and 1990s say that Berrellez did not report these allegations when he was in the DEA. They say that there’s a grain of truth in them: Early on, some Mexican cops spread rumors that Camarena was kidnapped because he was on the take and wasn’t delivering.
These suspicions were never confirmed by any of the hundreds of DEA informants and sources, according to the agents on the case at the time. The torture tapes contain nothing to suggest that Camarena or his partners were corrupt.
“If that [DEA corruption] would have been on the tapes, the Mexicans would have plastered it all over because they were trying to get an alibi,” says a Spanish-speaking agent who worked on the case, before and during Berrellez’ tenure.
Starstruck
I met Berrellez on a film set in 1989, shortly after he was assigned to the Leyenda team. At the time, the acclaimed writer-director-producer Michael Mann and his team were shooting an NBC docudrama based on my book. Mann’s production, Drug Wars: The Camarena Story, won an Emmy. His sequel, Drug Wars: The Cocaine Cartel, also based on my book, was nominated for a second Emmy.
Berrellez seemed starstruck. He was hanging about, hoping, I thought at the time, to be discovered. “Next movie Michael Mann makes, it’s gonna be about me,” he boasted.
That would never happen. Berrellez tried hard to attract others in Hollywood. In March 1990, he made worldwide headlines with a flashy gambit in which he paid Mexican bounty-hunters $250,000 to abduct Humberto Alvarez Machain, a Guadalajara physician, and fly him to El Paso so Berrellez could arrest him for drugging Camarena to prolong his torture. Problem was, Berrellez and his team had plenty of suspicions but not enough proof to satisfy federal trial judge Edward Rafeedie, who threw the case out in 1992 for lack of evidence, freed the doctor and chastised the prosecutors and agents for organizing a kidnapping on a “hunch” and “wildest speculation.”
Alvarez Machain promptly sued the U.S. Department, DEA administrator Jack Lawn, Berrellez and several supervisors. Berrellez tried to fix blame for the kidnapping elsewhere. In the Amazon production, Berrellez describes a colorful scene in which Lawn personally summons him to Washington, sits him down, and asks, “How much would he cost?” When a reluctant Berrellez says $250,000, Lawn snaps, “Okay, do it. I want it done.”
But that’s not what Berrellez told me when I interviewed him the day after the kidnapping arrest. He never mentioned Lawn, who had retired a month earlier. He said the authority came from the U.S. Attorney’s office.
And it’s not what Berrellez testified under oath as the doctor”s lawsuit ground through the courts over the next 14 years. According to court records, he claimed his authority came from the U.S. Attorney’s office in Los Angeles and from Pete Gruden, the deputy DEA administrator, now deceased. During the civil suit, Justice Department lawyers defending Berrellez’s version of the authorization presented as evidence an anonymous memorandum entitled, “Operation Leyenda: Chronology” that claimed Lawn “was advised” of the kidnap plan. Since Lawn denied even being “advised,” and there was no other evidence supporting the agent’s version, an appeals court judge wrote, “The assertions contained in Berrellez's testimony and in the memorandum are therefore unsupported by the evidence.”
Significantly, the court record shows that neither Berrellez nor anybody else told the story that’s now in *The Last Narc—*that Lawn initiated the idea of a kidnapping and commanded Berrellez to carry it out.
“I was unaware of any investigative efforts to kidnap the doctor, who had been kidnapped after my retirement,” says Lawn. “We had been aware of his alleged involvement during the interrogation of Kiki Camarena.He was one piece of a very complicated puzzle.”
“Lawn is a liar and a fraud,” Berrellez said when contacted last week. “He continues to deny that he ordered me to kidnap the doctor.” In response, I asked him for documentation of his alleged trip to Washington and meeting with Lawn. A day later, he had not responded.
While the kidnapped physician was in court, Berrellez tried another route to stardom by recruiting some cartel bodyguards as informants and witnesses. He arranged for them to get green cards and millions of taxpayer dollars from DEA funds. In some cases, he helped them extricate themselves from legal problems. Not surprisingly, some of them named prominent Mexican politicians, including two former Mexican presidents, as co-conspirators, but the informants’ tales were apparently unverifiable. The prosecutors declined to file indictments against the ex-presidents and other VIPs.
At trials of lesser figures in the early 1990s, the bodyguard-witnesses’ inconsistent statements and absence of corroboration created at least as many problems as they resolved. The Los Angeles Times ran a series sharply questioning their veracity. Privately, many agents also doubted them. Some told me they believed Berrellez was encouraging his snitches to tell sexy false stories.
Wise guys
“You have to be very careful how you handle those people,” says Leyva, one of several agents who helped handle and debrief the informants. “They can read you. They say, ‘Oh, he wants me to say this.’ And they’ll say it. I think you have to be able to handle informants and know when they're telling you the truth, or what they think you want to hear, and then that’s only the beginning.”
!n 1993 then-DEA administrator Bonner shut down the DEA Leyenda team. “We’d done everything we could in terms of evidence,” says Bonner. “We’d indicted all the major figures of the Guadalajara cartel and also some major figures in the Mexican government. We’d exposed major corruption at both the state and federal level.” Officially, the case remains open. Today, eight people, including the kingpins, are officially wanted as fugitives. But there is no longer a large, dedicated investigative team.
Berrellez was transferred to Washington in 1994. He retired in 1996.
Around 2013, in interviews with freelancer Bowden and others, Berrellez promoted his conspiracy theory that the CIA killed Camarena because Camarena was about to reveal that the agency was working with the Guadalajara cartel to run drugs to the United States. The arrangement supposedly was that the cartel got protection from U.S. authorities and the CIA got drug money for the Contras. This theory was a Mexicanized twist on a 1996 series, Dark Alliance by San Jose Mercury News reporter Gary Webb, who committed suicide after his work was discredited. (Webb’s photo appears in a few frames of The Last Narc, apparently in homage.) Producer Russell has told interviewers he was inspired by articles published in 2014 by freelancer Bowden recounting Berrellez’ claims.
To be sure, allegations have been lodged over the years that people linked to the CIA and the Contras were involved in the drug trade. During a 1986 investigation led by then-Senator John Kerry, a Colombian cartel money launderer testified that he channeled about $10 million to the Contras through Felix Rodriguez. Even the CIA’s internal watchdog concluded that, while the spy agency didn’t deal in drugs, it ignored hundreds of allegations contained in nearly a thousand cables that Contra officers, contractors and supporters engaged in trafficking. But no convincing evidence exists that Camarena was murdered because he knew too much, much less that he was about to blow the whistle on it.
No cloaks, no daggers
Kuykendall, Camarena’s boss in Guadalajara, says the CIA had no motive to silence Camarena.
“The DEA-Guadalajara office had no information about a CIA drug-running operation and that includes Kiki,” he says. “The drug traffickers had all the assistance they needed [to traffic in drugs] through the Mexican government.”
Pete Hernandez, another agent in the Guadalajara office, backs Kuykendall, saying he never heard Camarena talk about CIA drug-running or the Contras.
Also, according to several agents who have heard them, the torture tapes contain no mention of the CIA, Contras, or any other transnational political issue. They’re strictly about the drug business.
Felix Rodriguez himself has said that he was not in Mexico at the time and could not have been present in Guadalajara.
“The Intel community helped in providing information,” says Lawn, “but at no time did the investigation take us to Nicaragua, or to the Contras. The fanciful narrative outlined in The Last Narc makes interesting viewing but is without historic merit.”
Berrellez’ response to me: “It is sad how you were mislead [sic] from the truth by Kuykendall and Lawn.”
Bonner says Berrellez never raised allegations about CIA involvement to him. He says he would never have told Berrellez or anyone else that the DEA could not investigate a CIA operative for murder. Bonner, who publicly tangled with the CIA in other cases, says he would have done battle if the DEA had tried to protect anyone implicated in the Camarena matter. “It just wasn’t there,” Bonner says. “If it had been there, we would have investigated it until we ran it to ground…The CIA never contacted me when I was U.S. Attorney or at DEA. If a CIA guy tried, I would have gone through the roof.”
Not to mention that, as everyone with experience in Washington knows, the CIA, DEA and FBI fight like alley cats. It’s impossible to believe any of these turf-jealous, aggressive bureaucracies would let a rival agency get away with expense account cheating, much less murder and drug smuggling.
Part of the complicated conspiracy theory portrayed by the film is that Camarena was set up by an unnamed DEA agent based in Guadalajara who had been feeding information to the cartel for years in exchange for bags of cash. Current and former DEA agents dismiss that out of hand: If cartel leaders already had a pipeline into DEA, why would they disrupt it, especially if, as the film shows, the dirty agent was senior, with access to more and better information than Camarena?
“If a DEA official was providing confidential DEA sources and other intelligence,” says Bonner, “why were they interrogating Kiki? It doesn’t make any sense.”
Berrellez’ claim that he knows too much and is marked for death looks like puffery to me.
“I’m not fearful that the traffickers are going to kill me,” he says in the film. “I’m fearful that my own government is going to kill me.”
Fear, from a man who once told an interviewer that he prided himself on being a “gunslinger” and didn’t know how many people he had killed? No, it looks more like a boast.
Qanon’s Raves
Meanwhile, the Amazon-Russell film has won some good reviews. Unfortunately, some are from QAnon.
The Last Narc conspiracy theory is tailor-made for the relatively young but fast-growing pro-Trump, pro-conspiracy movement that holds that the Deep State—meaning, intelligence and law enforcement agencies—are murderous robotic servants of a cabal of monied Jewish and liberal elites and cannibal pedophiles.
As Adrienne LaFrance of The Atlantic observed, “If the internet is one big rabbit hole containing infinitely recursive rabbit holes, QAnon has somehow found its way down all of them, gulping up lesser conspiracy theories as it goes.”
Sure enough, recently, a Qanon adherent who calls himself Kevin Collins posted a glowing account of The Last Narc on a 6,000-member Facebook page called “Deep State Mapping Project:
This documentary series on Amazon Prime is the story of one such Patriot. His name was Kiki Camarena and he was murdered by Bush family allies while fighting for us….in this series you will learn about heroes like DEA Agent Hector Berrellez and honest members of Mexican law enforcement who have risked their lives fighting to get the truth out.
A site called BitChute praised the Amazon project as an “old take on the deep state, and in particular the old deep state headed by the WASP Rockefellerist CFR faction.” (The CFR, or Council on Foreign Relations, an elite, middle-of-the-road organization originally funded by the Rockefeller family, has long been a favorite target of both the far right and far left.)
The DEA is slowly, belatedly pushing back. Sources say DEA headquarters recently authorized a team of internal investigators to conduct an inquiry into Berrellez’s allegations of corruption. Some retired agents are quietly exploring the possibility of legal action.
If Amazon, Russell and Berrellez are as shameless as I think they are, they’ll enjoy the publicity. For my money, The Last Narc is just a cheesy hoax. It won’t destroy Kiki Camarena’s sacrifice and his legacy. It cheapens Amazon. If that’s possible.
SpyTalk Contributing Editor Elaine Shannon’s latest book is Hunting LeRoux: The Inside Story of the DEA Takedown of a Criminal Genius and His Empire. Source: https://spytalk.substack.com/p/tv-spies-amazons-wacky-cia-drug-war
submitted by shylock92008 to TopConspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 18:52 SHIVADOC CFC for iOS 4.2 Beta & Roadmap

Hello again, denizens of /FootballCoach!
It's been a busy few weeks of work in and around College Football Coach for iOS, and without further ado, here’s your first look at CFC for iOS 4.2: https://imgur.com/a/GO5Bzu7
Here’s what’s in v4.2 (you may have spotted some of these above):
Note: this version requires iOS 13+.
Major Changes:
Minor Changes:
Thanks for playing!

Beta Details

Like with v4.1, an early look at CFC 4.2 will be open to a small pool of beta testers (same as the one for 4.1, but I will be opening 100 more slots) later today (US Eastern Time, 29-Sept-2020). Again, like with 4.1, here are my goals with this beta:
If you’re interested and want to learn more, please head here to read some other details and sign up! Note: Please read all of the information before signing up. I want to point out this line in particular:
Warning: If you upgrade to the CFC beta and then downgrade back to the App Store version of CFC, you will lose all of your data. This is because beta versions of College Football Coach rely on data values that cannot be read by previous versions of the game.
Please keep this above statement in mind when signing up for the beta.
As always, any feedback can be delivered by:
I don’t imagine this being a time- or labor-intensive commitment. If you have any further questions, don’t hesitate to reach out via email or Reddit PM.

Roadmap

I said in my post about v4.1 that it would be one of the last few releases for CFC for iOS, as I'm just about close to done with the roadmap I laid out. Some of you have asked to see that roadmap, so let's talk about it. Remember the usual disclaimer: all of this is subject to change; no featuresets and timelines are final; I make no promises about future work.

4.2 - Fall 2020 (changelog above)

4.3 - Q1-ish 2021

5.0 - Q3ish 2021

Please leave any suggestions or feedback (especially for that upgrade point feature) for this roadmap in the comments below! Remember: this is a community-driven game, so I really want to make sure I'm building game features that y'all will enjoy.
Thanks so much for your help!
Best regards,
SHIVADOC
submitted by SHIVADOC to FootballCoach [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 15:53 kittehgoesmeow What A Day: Don Of The Debt by Sarah Lazarus & Crooked Media (09/28/20)

"If the president thinks his best case is made in urine he can have at it." - The Biden campaign response to Trump's demands for a pre-debate drug test

Tax Against The Wall

President Trump’s elusive financial records have finally emerged, and, what do you know, they paint a clear picture of someone who absolutely should not be president.
The biggest takeaway is that Trump isn’t just less wealthy than he claims—he is up to his $70,000 haircut in debt, which makes his presidency a serious national-security threat.
Donald Trump ran for president in 2016 to boost his flagging marketability, has used the office to support his failing businesses, and is now prepared to steal an election to avoid accountability for the mountain of debt he can’t afford to pay. Trump was terrified of voters finding out that he is, above all, pathetic. We can work with that.

Look No Further Than The Crooked Media

You’ve all been making calls and texts and working your asses off to win this election, and Crooked wanted to make something fun to commemorate the work you’ve done in this moment. Check out our brand new Vote Save America Action Calendar! It’s like an advent calendar, but for the election, and instead of chocolate, there are stickers. As always, a portion of every order in the Crooked store goes to VoteRiders. Get yours now at https://crooked.com/store

Under The Radar

The Trump administration has spent more than $300 million on an ad blitz to “defeat despair” about the coronavirus ahead of the election. The campaign will reportedly feature administration officials and celebrities (well, Dennis Quaid) discussing the pandemic and the administration’s response. It was organized by former Health and Human Services spokesman Michael Caputo, who’s now on medical leave, and who claimed in a Facebook video that the campaign was “demanded of me by the president of the United States. Personally.” Caputo’s team abruptly commandeered $300 million that Congress had appropriated for the CDC—literally weakening the pandemic response to pay for campaign ads falsely assuring voters that the response is going great. House Democrats have launched an investigation, but haven’t yet been able to halt the contract.

What Else?

President Trump formally nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court on Saturday, and Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham has set a timeline to have the committee approve her on October 22. Several Senate Democrats have pledged not to meet with Barrett, and several Republicans have absurdly/falsely/slanderously accused them of hating Catholics.
The first presidential debate will take place in Cleveland, OH, on Tuesday night, sans any fact-checking from moderator Chris Wallace. Joe Biden has been preparing so diligently that journalists are whining that he won’t talk to them, while Trump has been golfing, refusing to practice, and demanding that Biden pee in a cup. Elon Musk’s vote naturally hangs in the balance.
Former Trump campaign manager Brad Parscale was hospitalized after his wife called 911 to report that he was armed and threatening suicide. Parscale was in the house with ten guns when police arrived, and his wife told officers that he had hit her days earlier, according to the police report.
Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross has announced October 5 as the “target date” for ending the Census count, in spite of a court order to continue counting efforts through the end of October. Keep that law and order comin’!
After the Trump campaign cited nine discarded ballots in Pennsylvania to baselessly accuse Democrats of trying to steal the election, GOP leaders of the Pennsylvania legislature have petitioned the Supreme Court to please overturn a state supreme court ruling requiring that absentee ballots be counted after November 3.
CDC Director Robert Redfield was overheard on a phone call expressing concern about Trump’s favorite coronavirus adviser Scott Atlas: "Everything he says is false.” We would politely implore Dr. Redfield to say it to America’s face.
A major hospital chain was hit with a cyberattack over the weekend, forcing some hospitals to resort to working with pen and paper. It was potentially the largest medical ransomware attack in U.S. history.
The Rock has endorsed Joe Biden for president, in his first-ever public presidential endorsement. The Rock has also founded Vote Save America, according to his Instagram bio, a claim that you will not hear anyone at this company deny.

Be Smarter

Donald Trump’s 2016 campaign targeted a list of millions of Black voters as part of an extensive effort to deter them from voting, according to a data leak obtained by the British news network Channel 4. A database used by Trump’s digital campaign team separated files on nearly 200 million American voters into eight categories. One category, “Deterrence,” was assigned to 3.5 million Black voters; Black Americans were disproportionately marked “Deterrence” in key swing states, and people of color made up 54 percent of that category overall. Combine that racially targeted deterrence with the fact that the Trump campaign and the RNC have been building a vast election-disputing legal team for the past year, and you’ve got a pretty good picture of how hard Republicans are working to convince Democratic voters that their votes don’t matter. Because, of course, they do.

What A Sponsor

Innocent people murdered at the hands of police. A broken unemployment system in Florida. Crowded elections in Wisconsin during a global pandemic. Rampant political corruption in the state of Georgia.
None of these things had to happen. A new podcast, Made to Fail, connects the dots between these government failures and pulls back the curtain on the conservative policies that time and time again have failed millions of people across the country.
In the end, these government failures weren’t by accident. They were by design.
Get the full story. Download Made to Fail today wherever you get your podcasts.
Via Apple Podcasts Via Spotify Via Google

Is That Hope I Feel?

A Georgia judge has dismissed a lawsuit seeking to purge 14,000 voters from the rolls in Fulton County.
Your donations have allowed South Carolina Democratic Senate candidate Jaime Harrison to add nearly $16 million to his TV ad spending—more than Lindsey Graham spent on his whole 2014 re-election campaign.
Maryland will become the first state to ban foam takeout containers.
These photos of therapy dogs at Children’s National Hospital in Washington, DC, are nothing if not, well, therapeutic.

Enjoy

julian is a girls name too on Twitter: "can’t even think of a caption, I’m just absolutely over the moon about these pics"
submitted by kittehgoesmeow to FriendsofthePod [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 12:03 remote-enthusiast Collection of 49 remote jobs published recently

Hello friends! These are the open remote positions I've found that were published today. See you tomorrow! Bleep blop 🤖
submitted by remote-enthusiast to remotedaily [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 22:47 ar_david_hh Sep/28/2020 wrap-up: \\ September War in Karabakh-Artsakh \\ Azerbaijan sustains colossal human & equipment damages, censors media; death toll rises on both sides \\ Armenians shoot jet and drones \\ areas liberated \\ volunteer movement across diaspora \\ world responds \\ chronological details...

This is your daily semi-chronological report with a collection of all the notable events and footage. Read yesterday's report here.

September Battles / night of 28th

Context on how the large-scale attack was launch on Artsakh borders yesterday.
A video showing what could be Syrian mercenaries imported to Azerbaijan with the help of Turkey. There were reports of them chanting Arabic phrases.
https://twitter.com/Kornelij/status/1310199455195561986
Syrian organization "Human Rights Organization - Afrin" published the names of 7 Syrian groups that were sent to Azerbaijan and the number of soldiers that died during the September 27 clashes.
Each group sustained dozens of losses. The organization has also published names of independent Syrian mercenaries not part of the aforementioned groups. Armenian govt-run media agency has earlier reported 81 losses among Syrian mercenaries.
https://168.am/2020/09/27/1373904.html , https://t.me/wargonzo/3476
The aftermath of a failed Azeri advancement. Armenian soldiers extracting equipment from the dead bodies.
NSFW video: https://twitter.com/i/status/1310328463727894528
Yesterday Armenia announced 16 deaths and 100 wounded and said over 200 Azeris were killed. An Azeri outlet later reported the loss of 410 Azeri soldiers.
Journalist: "... Azerbaijan blocked internet for own citizens, published almost no data on casualties. Complete silence." https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310323947163054082
Video of an unexploded Azeri missile:
https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310335653545209856
A pregnant Armenian woman was wounded yesterday. She and the baby are fine. She gave birth to a boy and named her Monte. 💋
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196915 , https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197047
Interview with the man who lost his child and mother in law during the Azeri attack:
https://factor.am/288003.html
During a press conference, the Artsakh army gave away candy they "confiscated" from the [deceased] Azeri soldiers.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196910
2:50 am: The flag of Artsakh Republic was projected on the Mother Armenia statue in the Victory Park in Yerevan. Hashtag WeWillWin.
https://youtu.be/c0yvh8xRZP0
3:21, Artsakh President: Azerbaijan failed to realize its plans. And yes, it was a pre-planned offensive. Azerbaijan has 100s of casualties, tanks and equipment. Armenian forces fully control the situation along the Line of Contact.
https://twitter.com/Pres_Artsakh/status/1310356036134604801?s=09
3:23 ARM gov: many Artsakh civilians spent the night in bomb shelters.
Photo: https://twitter.com/armgov/status/1310356643746664458?s=09
 
Russian WarGonzo military reporters say Azeri forces, under the cover of Turkish drones, tried to unsuccessfully take the northern freeway connecting Armenia and Artsakh. Armenian forces destroyed the Azeri column but the road is currently closed because part of it was damaged by Turkish drone attacks. The second road is being used.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3477 , https://t.me/wargonzo/3478
 
world response
U.S. Congressman Frank Pallone condemned the escalation by Azerbaijan and Turkey. "We need to take steps to hold the two aggressors accountable."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029166.html
U.S. Congressman Bred Sherman: We must condemn this aggression and urge Baku to cease offensive military action and return to the peace table. We should halt military aid to Azerbaijan and urge Turkey to abstain from sending arms or fighters.
https://twitter.com/BradSherman/status/1310335797799813122?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
U.S. State Department condemned "external powers" (cough Turkey cough) for escalating the situation in the region.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029167.html
President Donald Trump says they're closely monitoring the situation will try to establish a ceasefire.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029170.html
U.S. presidential candidate Joe Biden condemned Russia for selling weapons to both countries, urged for installation of ceasefire monitoring mechanisms, and called for the U.S. to make sure the American weapons aren't used for attacks.
https://news.am/arm/news/604513.html
Russian govt outlet Channel 1 had a neutral coverage. Russian opposition Rain TV's analyst accused Azerbaijan of starting the war, citing reports of prior preparation, civilian vehicle collections, Turkish meddling, etc.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJBvtiqZB2w
2 Azeri missiles fell in Iranian territory: https://factor.am/288113.html
 

September Battles / morning of 28th

early morning Azeris resumed the war across the border in the morning. Russian reporter posted a video of Armenian reinforcements traveling to the capital Stepanakert. Several ambulance vehicles are seen on the highway.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3480 , https://t.me/sashakots/16968 ,
Armenia sustained 15 more losses and 100 wounded (total 31 deaths, >100 wounded), Azerbaijan has >200 losses as of yesterday.
https://news.am/arm/news/604522.html
Video of an [unexploded?] SMERCH missile fired by Azerbaijan:
https://youtu.be/ZtkJE2XZmtU?t=4
7:39: a rumor circulated from a sketchy Azeri social media outlet that an Azeri general Mais Barkhudarov was captured by Armenians last night. He is a major figure and was promoted as general after April 2016 bates. No official sources confirmed the rumor.
What do we know so far? General Barkhudarov was promoted and was leading the Azeri 2nd corps. Yesterday, the Armenian army reported capturing Azeri vehicles belonging to 2nd corps after a counter-attack.
Later, Armenia officially denied capturing the general but said they haven't identified all the dead Azeri bodies after last night's battles, so the general's body could, in theory, be among them.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196921 , https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310467943310950401?s=19 , https://azertag.az/en/xebePresident_Ilham_Aliyev_viewed_newly_built_school_in_Jojug_Marjanli-1073506 , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029163.html, https://factor.am/287679.html
8:10: Artsakh president posted a photo with volunteers. "They are one of the hundreds of our volunteer groups that have been going to the front lines since yesterday. This is the phenomenon of the invincibility of our people. The victory will undoubtedly be ours. Glory to the Armenian people."
https://news.am/arm/news/604524.html
8:17 ARM Army: we scored significant successes last night. The Azeri reports about our losses are exaggerated. It's still tense. There is an ongoing artillery battle.
Artsakh president: Last night our Army carried out several brilliant military operations. We recovered several lost positions and advanced in other instances. I'm proud and thankful to our army for the high spirit and readiness.
https://news.am/arm/news/604526.html , https://news.am/arm/news/604540.html
8:22: Artsakh is preparing for a.... major construction project? Every excavator, bulldozer, and crane operator with experience shall report to the Ministry of Urban Development.
https://news.am/arm/news/604527.html
8:36: Armenian army reports successes in all 3 regions (south, north, north-east). Several positions, which Armenians lost yesterday, were liberated. Azeris sustained heavy casualties.
A video containing a blurred out footage of several dozen Azeri soldiers who were killed during these fights. It includes at least one Captain:
NSFW video: https://youtu.be/lR5NbauENY8 , https://t.me/reartsakh/3545 , https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196930
8:57: Orbeli research center says they have a source that revealed the names of many Azeri dead soldiers, many of whom went unreported. Orbeli posted a "fraction" of the list containing 22 names and where they were killed.
https://news.am/arm/news/604534.html
9:02: Russian outlet WarGonzo, citing its sources in Istanbul, says Turkey is preparing to send its "Brigade of Commandos" to directly aid Azerbaijan, due to Azerbaijan's failed blitzkrieg yesterday.
https://t.me/wargonzo/3481
 
Before we continue... what's happening around the world today?
U.S. Senator Bob Menendez condemned the Azeri attack and called it yet another planned aggression by Turkey. "Trump administration should end the security aid to Azerbaijan."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029174.html
Russian MFA is in touch with the Turkish MFA about the escalation.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029239.html
Francophone chairwoman Louise expressed support for Armenia.
https://twitter.com/LMushikiwabo/status/1310238350721327105?s=19
A group of Armenian NGOs wrote a report titled "corruption leads to war" in which they talk about Aliyev's lengthy rap sheet of corruption, his disregard for Armenian and Azeri human rights, and violations of Vienna conventions during wars.
https://news.am/arm/news/604536.html
Austrian MP Gudrun Kugler urged the international community to broker peace after "the attack on ethnic Armenian villages" in Artsakh.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029198.html
Ukrainian MP Artem Dmitruk expressed willingness to travel to Armenia and help the Armenian people.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029209.html
European MP Lars Patrick Berg condemned the Azeri aggression with the help of Turkey and urged the world to unite and force Azerbaijan to stop.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029208.html
European EPP MP Michael Galler and S&D MP Tonino Picula urged Azerbaijan to immediately stop the war and return to the negotiating table.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029234.html
Several Greek diplomats expressed support for Armenia:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029266.html
Forbes wrote an article about Turkey using its TB2 Bayraktar drones in Artsakh:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029280.html
European MP Charlie Weimers criticized the "Azeri dictator":
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029324.html
European Parliament's largest EPP party has called for a ceasefire and a return to pre-September 27th positions.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029326.html
U.S. Congressman Bred Sherman called for the US to end military aid to Azerbaijan.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029322.html
Ethnic Kurdish QP MP Knyaz Hasanov, citing Turkey's "genocidal mistreatment of Kurds", called for the Kurds in Turkey, Syria, and Iraq to support Armenia to prevent the Turkish-Azeri aggression.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029225.html
MFA Mnatsakanyan has been giving interviews to French, Arabic, and other outlets since yesterday. He condemned Turkey's involvement and Azeri aggression.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029286.html
Reuters wrote an article speaking about the Syrian mercenaries that Turkey transported to Azerbaijan. Two of these mercenaries revealed how they were picked up from northern Syria. They are being paid $1,500/mo.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029315.html
Turkey accused OCSE of inaction and said "the conflict should be resolved now". He accused Russia, the US, and France of not doing anything for 30 years.
Russian Parliament's foreign affairs committee MP Elena Panina accused Erdogan of pouring fuel on the fire. "He wants to preserve his <> image but he should know that this conflict isn't beneficial for Turkey, either."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029262.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029293.html
European Court for Human Rights has accepted Armenia's petition against Azerbaijan for the bombing of civilians. It'll be discussed in an expedited manner. Armenia wants Azerbaijan to stop shelling civilians.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029291.html
Dutch nationalist MP Greet Wilders compared Erdogan to a terrorist, called for Turkey to be kicked out of NATO, compared Azerbaijan with thugs, and urged for "support for Christian Armenian friends."
https://factor.am/287789.html
Belarus/CSTO struck a more neutral tone this time, unlike in 2016 when they "sided" with Azerbaijan. Today they "sincerely asked" both sides to end the bloodshed. (but why didn't Pashinyan become a Belorussian opposition activist last month? /s 🤔 )
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029274.html
CSTO military bloc called for an immediate ceasefire. Critics accused the bloc of being slow. "Even NATO condemned the escalation hours after it began."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029307.html
A 6-minute collection of how world media is covering the war.
https://youtu.be/RDm5ayqEAYs
The Turkish Lira has been plummeting recently. It dived another 1.5% this morning against U.S. Dollar, reaching 7.79₺ for $1.
The BRENT oil price is at $42, much lower than what Azerbaijan had anticipated for balancing its 2020 budget.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029243.html
Saudi Arabia placed an embargo on Turkish products (for other reasons). They are pressuring Saudi companies to stop trade with Turkey, under the threat of penalty. Saudis are told not to travel to Turkey.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029247.html
Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict spirals out of control and turns into a keyboard battle between Indians and Pakistanis. Pakistan supports Azerbaijan for jihadist reasons. Some Pakistani internet users thought just because their Govt does it, they should do, too. When Indians noticed that their foe Pakistanis support Azerbaijan, they began keyboard-ing for Armenia. Is this how WW3 begins? 🤔
https://twitter.com/Kornelij/status/1310454119728119809?s=19
 
back to the military events
9:20 am: WarGonzo military journalists went to Artsakh villages near the border.
Aftermath video: https://t.me/wargonzo/3492
9:32: the reported losses as of right now: Armenia 31 dead, >100 wounded. There are also reports of several tanks, missile units, and vehicles being destroyed, but the accurate number is unknown for now.
Azerbaijan: >200 losses. 4 helicopters. 27 drones. 36 tanks and infantry combat vehicles, 2 armored engineering vehicles, 11 armored vehicles.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029180.html
The Azeri govt is hiding the names of dead soldiers to conceal the true numbers, but Azeri civilians report it themselves whenever there are things such as a funeral. Razminfo scrapped a list of 27 names from social media by using just this method.
https://razm.info/146431
9:50: the govt recently passed a law allowing Healthcare Ministry to control private clinics during an Emergency. The Ministry issued an order to all medical centers across Armenia to provide only urgent care so there will be enough free beds if necessary.
https://factor.am/287668.html
10:08 ARM army: the Azeri claims that we have hundreds of deaths is a lie. We published the names of all who died.
https://factor.am/287679.html
10:42 ARM army: Azeris panicked after sustaining large human and technical losses in the south and used large-caliber TOS missiles ineffectively. They're lying about heavy Armenian losses.
Video of Azeri TOS: https://t.me/reartsakh/3557
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029189.html
https://t.me/reartsakh/3555
10:45 ARM: Azerbaijan is shelling the civilians in Artsakh's Martuni city.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3556
10:48: WarGonozo journalist went to the frontline and discovered remnants of a downed Azeri flying object. They couldn't identify what it was but they assumed it was part of a jet.
Video: https://t.me/wargonzo/3496 , https://t.me/wargonzo/3497
11:11 ARM army: the number of wounded went from 100 yesterday to 200 today.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3558
11:12 ARM army: please stop spam-calling your friends and relatives in Artsakh. It has overloaded the local Telecom network which can damage our efforts. If your soldier-son connects to a cellphone while in the frontline, his position could be exposed by the enemy tech. (a foreign journalist was unable to call to Artsakh due to the network being down.)
https://factor.am/287679.html
https://t.me/sashakots/16976
11:16: Armenia will not ask the CSTO military bloc for help, said Armenian ambassador.
https://t.me/reartsakh/3559
11:38: Azerbaijan is doing a [partial] army draft, too.
https://factor.am/287721.html
12:12: one of the fallen Armenian soldiers was Hasmik Arzumanyan. She was from Noravan village. Today a female Armenian Parliament MP asked the army to enlist her.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196950
12:27: video of a downed Azeri drone being collected by Armenian villagers from a field. #բերքահավաք
https://youtu.be/fMrWEjeHNL8
13:31: first lady Anna Hakobyan visited bomb shelters in the capital Stepanakert to meet the locals. A boy celebrated his 6th birthday in a shelter last night.
Photos: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029215.html
13:48 Armenian MFA: Artsakh is fighting against the Azeri-Turkish alliance. Turkey is directly involved and is supplying personnel and equipment. They are helping Azerbaijan to continue the century-old genocidal activities in the South Caucasus. The Turkish-Azeri murderous alliance is a threat to the people of this region. Armenia and Artsakh are determined to resist and neutralize the threat. Azerbaijan will be forced to cease its attempts to solve the conflict with the use of force.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029219.html
14:05 Artsakh army: we are currently dealing heavy blows to the enemy in the frontlines. Azeri forces, joined by Turkish and terrorist groups, are receiving a harsh response. They are spreading misinformation about big successes.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029221.html
14:25 BHK MP addresses Azeri minorities: My message is to ethnic minorities of Azerbaijan: the Talysh, Tat, Tsakhur, Avar, Lezgins. Open and read the names of Azeri soldiers who were killed. They are mostly minorities. Why is Aliyev's fascist regime using you and your children as pawns? Take your kids away. Shield them. Disobey Aliyev's orders. This is not your war. They are sending you to die on the Armenian Karabakh mountains. Save your children's lives. Today Aliyev stopped international flights to prevent you from leaving in the event you don't want to take part in his crime.
https://youtu.be/Us5ocigv4z8
14:43 ARM army: the density of artillery strikes is unprecedented for this region. Our artillerymen shine with their literacy.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029231.html
15:00: the Armenian death toll is 58 as of right now. (evening update: 84)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029237.html , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029358.html
15:04 what did Pashinyan and Aliyev agree upon during Dushanbe Meeting in 2018?: During an interview, Pashinyan said that when there was a mass pro-democracy movement in Armenia in 2018, he launched an open dialogue with the Azeri public to talk about internal Azerbaijani issues. The excited Azeri public made calls for a similar revolution in Azerbaijan.
When he met Aliyev, the latter asked him to tone down the pro-democracy rhetoric aimed at the internal Azerbaijani situation, because Aliyev had concerns that the situation was destabilizing in Azerbaijan "and could threaten his dictatorial regime."
"Aliyev didn't care about the Karabakh conflict. He was afraid that the wave of revolution would reach him."
Pashinyan exposed the aforementioned in response to Aliyev's claim that Pashinyan had asked Aliyev for "time" to sort things out in Armenia after the revolution.
Pashinyan confirmed the existence of this agreement with Aliyev, saying "internal issues in Azerbaijan is not on my agenda" and this "agreement helped establish peace on the border and save Armenian lives".
Context: Armenia and Azerbaijan would end up establishing a lengthy ceasefire until a verbal escalation by Azerbaijan in 2019, followed by Pashinyan's claim that "if Azerbaijan refuses to discuss the possibility of Artsakh being free then Artsakh is Armenia, period". This phrase was followed by a brief period of verbal exchange, but the two sides relaxed and even organized a surprised humanitarian mission in which Armenian and Azeri journalists visited one another's country to "move people closer". Things got worse again in 2020 after the oil plummeted to record-low and Turkish currency kept nosediving amid a worsening economy and Erdogan's reckless foreign policy.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029236.html
15:15: Azeri government is censoring the internet for citizens. Access to several independent outlets was impossible.
https://factor.am/287883.html
15:24: Armenian Parliament voted 118-0 to pass a resolution condemning the Azeri aggression. Opposition BHK has also drafted a bill to officially recognize the Artsakh Republic as an independent state.
Ruling QP MP said "the people of Artsakh have the right to self-determination. It is enough for us to solely rely on international organizations for Artsakh recognition."
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029241.html
15:28: Azeri drones were spotted above Martakert.
Video: https://youtu.be/DdnoCaNE1IM
15:32: SOAD's Serj Tankian released a new video of "Artsakh Song"
https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=671187080503335&extid=1GFfDSSdET2qKS2y
15:38: Yezidi-Armenians are volunteering to join the army. "The citizens enlist in the army for the sacred cause of defending the Homeland," said the leader of the National Union on Yezidis of Armenia.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029245.html
16:03 ARM army: we are fully monitoring the situation. We have a good opportunity for further success.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029250.html
16:16: Armenian side released footage showing the destruction of several Azeri equipments with the use of laser-guided missiles.
Video: https://www.facebook.com/100000785095088/videos/3279801298722674/?extid=Es54zHCjCIKM9uj3
16:24 ARM army: Azeris launched a tank attack in the south-eastern region but met resistance and lost 10 pieces of equipment.
Video: https://youtu.be/szU0qdF-VO4
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029256.html
16:25: 20,000 Armenians living in Russia have contacted the Armenian Center in Moscow with a willingness to travel and join the army.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196987
17:15: an Azeri drone was spotted above Armenian journalists in Martuni, Artsakh. They ran away from nearby cars just in case. No explosions.
Video: https://youtu.be/5UdI2YO-kNI
17:16: another Azeri tank advancement was stopped on the southern borders.
Video of their destruction: https://www.facebook.com/100000785095088/videos/3280276455341825/?extid=s8TBCCxUIk9PZAW9
17:25 ARM army: the opponent was thrown back in the south after suffering 10 equipment losses, mostly tanks. In the north, they shelled civilian settlements. The battle continues.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029275.html
17:45: Earlier it was reported that a total of 200 were wounded. Half of them were very minor injures and the soldiers are back in front lines. (58 deaths, 120 wounded as of right now)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029282.html
18:10: Azeri authorities arrested an Azeri activist Giyas Ihrahimov "for writing anti-war posts on social media". The cops initially wanted to take him to a military commissariat.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029289.html
18:45: the Armenian church has summoned a meeting to create a plan of action. It began with a Պահպանիչ prayer. They'll contact the international community.
[link 404]
Expert: Azeris are active on Twitter. Armenian govt began providing many images to the international press, which is important. The world is just now trying to understand what's happening.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197011
19:02 cyber-expert Martirosyan: I have info that Armenia has invited many journalists. We are more active in the information field.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/196956
19:19 Education Minister: now is the time to use your multi-lingual skills to share information on Facebook, Twitter, etc. Links to official channels inside:
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197005
19:10: Armenia denies the Azeri reports of a high-ranking Armenian officer's death.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029299.html
19:26 Artsakh president: the enemy is failing everywhere in front of our feet. Thousands of volunteers have already joined the army. Many of those whom we planned to call for the draft have already reported-in. Hundreds of diasporan-Armenians expressed willingness to join. This unity will make our victory unstoppable. հաղթանակը մերն է:
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029304.html
19:57 ARM army: Azerbaijan has so far sustained >400 deaths, 36 drones, 47 armored equipment (tanks, BMP, etc.). The main battles are in the north, south, and south-east.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029311.html
20:30: Video of Armenian volunteers, old and young, lined up to join the army. Տրամադրությունը մարտական։
https://youtu.be/t5eOxQ31uNM
20:54: around 4pm the Armenian hackers defaced Ilham Aliyev's official website, placed a message calling for Armenians to unite, then took the website down.
https://factor.am/288083.html
A collection of Armenian army attack videos. These are YouTube links in case you don't have Telegram.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-4ErVSt19I
https://youtu.be/TuMIoR5yEII
https://youtu.be/szU0qdF-VO4
20:58 ARM army: Azeris launched a widespread attack in the south near Araks River and northern Talish-Mataghis. They lost 22 tanks and 10 vehicles. 370 Azeri soldiers were destroyed. 35% of their wounds are heavy.
⚡⚡ https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029319.html
20:59 Artsakh president about the latest Azeri push: From Omar to Araks, the enemy used hundreds of tanks and vehicles and lost dozens of tanks. They have almost no advancement. They only took a few positions. In war, you give and take positions. When you retake, you don't give back. This will be our last and most important battle. We will bring them to the knee in a few days.
Video: https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029321.html
21:02: 46 fallen Armenian soldiers have received a medal posthumously.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029320.html
21:27 Armenian ambassador to Russia: we will use the Iskander missile system if Azerbaijan uses the Turkish F-16 fighter jet.
https://factor.am/288107.html
22:00 Artsakh president: I lost count on the number of Azeri equipment we shot. Our goal is to destroy as we did in the 1990s. No, the rumors about us retaking Lele Tepe hill are false. There are no significant strategic capturing by either side. Neither side has captured/lost any մարտավարական կարևոր դիրք.
https://youtu.be/8u3ZFlXDUFE , https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029343.html
22:10: photo of a downed Azeri drone in Spitakashen village:
https://news.am/arm/news/604725.html
22:12: Armenian soldiers shut down an Azeri fighter jet that was flying near Martakert, Artsakh.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029331.html
22:23: Armenian reservists won't be allowed to freely leave the country, as the army may need their help.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029339.html
21:42: the UN Security Council will summon a closed-door emergency meeting tomorrow.
https://factor.am/288110.html
22:19 Artsakh president: Azeris launched a large assault on Mount Mrav this afternoon but didn't have any success.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197046
23:22: footage from front lines while Armenian artillery conducts strikes.
https://youtu.be/juMSgvS-BIk
00:31:: many ethnic Armenians living in Georgia's southern Javakh region have gathered near the border with an attempt to cross the border. Those without an Armenian passport are having difficulties. They began singing "hayer miatseq".
https://t.me/reartsakh/3615 , https://twitter.com/517design/status/1310667045885837315?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw

Martuni city

Video shows the damage done by the Azeri attack on civilian houses in Martuni city.
https://youtu.be/JUgi8s_iKhY

donation for the Artsakh Republic

All-Armenia Fund launched a donation campaign for the Artsakh Republic yesterday. They've collected $1.4m so far. They accept PayPal, too. Links to donation sites, account details, etc.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029309.html
Those who live in Russia can contact the Armenian embassy for donations.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029308.html
1000plus.am is another official army fund page that accepts donations. (you might have to teach Cloudflare what a bicycle looks like first)
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029308.html

Tigran Petrosyan is back

Chess.com organized a Pro Chess League competition. The Armenian Team was consisted of several Armenians, Indian, and Iranian players. They made it into the finale where they played against the St. Louis Team whose member is Fabio Caruana.
Armenia's Tigran Petrosyan defeated Caruana. The Armenian team won the match and became the champions. They also won it in 2018.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029210.html

Armenian students won 5 medals

... in the Math Olympiad. 2 silver, 3 bronze, 1 award.
https://www.armtimes.com/hy/article/197050

COVID stats

+1,935 tested. +174 infected. +52 healed. 4,657 active.
https://armenpress.am/arm/news/1029190.html
 
You've read 3764 words.
submitted by ar_david_hh to armenia [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 17:13 e_m_b_e_r My first ever pc build

Hello good community!
I was wondering if any of you guys could help me out with the compatibility of the components, and how will it perform in general. I am willing to change any component to a lower price if some components are overly expensive as well.
These would be the components:
Part Price Name
GPU $305.96 XFX RX 5600 XT THICC PRO
CPU $244.38 AMD Ryzen 5 3600
Motherboard $175.24 Asus B550
Case $80 Corsair 400D
PSU $60 Montech 650W
RAM $57.10 T-force 2x8 Gb
Storage $73.85 Samsung 500gb SSD Nvme
Total $1014.51
Side note: I am not a native American, nor native English speaker, so I may be off on some data or technical terms.
If you have any questions let me know :D
submitted by e_m_b_e_r to PcMasterRaceBuilds [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 16:27 mirroring_ Foundational Critiques of Karl Marx

  1. Labor theory of Value
The insistence that value should be inextricably linked to labor, rather than acknowledging that value is purely subjective. The LTV also states that profit comes from unpaid labor, which is false, because owners provide value to society, and are paid for it. There is no reason to think that profits come from other people not being paid for labor they're performing.
Marx's theories are not based on historical data, which was both unavailable at the time, and not possible to process as statistical analysis. Further, he made a central assumption that there is infinite capital accumulation. This is not necessarily the case, and wealth distribution can be managed through the tax system (progressive income tax and a inheritance tax are examples). Or, during times of war the wealth distribution tends to sort of reset. This makes the 'inevitable revolution' when wealth has concentrated enough preventable.
(Pikkety dedicated a large part of his capital in the 21st century book about this discussion. He ultimately comes to the conclusion that the theory doesn't hold up because capital does not accumulate infinitely)
Simplest one has to do with the labor aggregation problem. Labor is diverse and extremely heterogenous, the only way to empirically test Marxism would require you to create an aggregation function. An hour of a doctor's labor isnt the same as an hour of a farmers labor. Now you could just hourly earnings as your aggregation function, but this defeats the whole point of LTV as an alternative to marginalism because it would implicitly use the market clearing process to determine labor value.
The post by kohatsootsich (which BainCapitalist links to) is very good, though a bit technical. I will copy here one of my old replies on this subject. It's a bit less technical and should help you understand kohatsootsich's post. To begin with, there is land. By "land" I mean the products of nature, such as the soil and the rays of the sun. Also, things such as deposits of minerals. Let's say we have two products, both of them take the same labour time to produce overall. However, one of them requires more land. For example, let's suppose it takes twenty minutes of SNLT to produce a cabbage and the same time to produce a lettuce. However, it takes more land to produce the cabbage than the lettuce. Since land is scarce that will affect the price. Ricardo used a systems for dealing with land and labour. For land he used a marginalist system and for labour he used LTV. This is not consistent, it cannot produce the correct answers because of the connection between the two of the domains. Wine demonstrate another issue. Mostly, wine improves with age. It improves even without the touch of a human or a machine. Also, older wine is more expensive. How can this work within the framework of the labour theory? Unfortunately it can't, not in any reasonable way. Some labour value theorists would point to the cost of the building to hold the wine. In practice this is small. Other labour value theorists say that the increase in price of the aged wine is compensated for by the decrease in price of some other wine. This view doesn't work. If all wine were aged then it would all rise in price to some degree. This would happen even if the relative price between types of wine stayed the same. People would choose to drink the better wine rather than other drinks. Furthermore, why do wine producers sell wine that's only 2 years old? Why don't they age it for longer? They could sell it for more money if they did. It would take longer for the profit to be realized though. This tells us that there's a time dimension to investment. All things being equal, capitalists want projects that pay them back sooner rather than later. That is, they have time-preference. The problem that wine demonstrates applies to machinery too. All machinery provides it's output over a period of time. Often, machines run at a particular rate per hour. They require a reasonably fixed amount of labour. Increasing the number of people using the machine does not increase the output correspondingly. Let's say I have a lumber mill which requires 10 employees to work on it every day. If one day I increase the number of employees from 10 to 20 that doesn't mean I get twice as much lumber through the mill. This isn't quite like the wine situation. With wine the output arrives at the end of a process. With a machine there is continuous output. I get the first plank of wood out of my lumber mill straight away. But, it may be years until I get the 100000th plank of wood out of it. That plank of wood is rather like the bottle of wine. As a result, I'm waiting for my whole investment to come to fruition. Another important issue is the price of existing capital equipment. Marx believed this could be dealt with through the hours of labour put into making that capital. However, once capital is made it's price can only be determined by supply and demand. Houses are a good example of this. We can pick a type of house, an age of house and a size of house. For example, we could pick 3 bedroom houses built in Dublin in 1990. These houses will probably have used a similar labour time to build. However, the price they exchange at now has nothing to do with that. For example, one house may be in a bad area and may be worth very little. Another house that took the same amount of labour to complete may be in a good area and worth a lot. The price of these houses will change with the production of nearby amenities after they were built. The same is true of commercial building too, and many other types of capital.
OP, the existing answers are great, but I figured I’d point you to this. Disclaimer, obviously the paper is very mathematical. However, the discussion of the model (the intro, the summary, and some of the explanations of the math) might interest you. Long story short, the author was able to derive a Marxian model without even needing the labor theory of value in exchange. Let me know if you have any issues accessing the paper. Econometrica is a top 5 econ journal in case you aren’t aware. Here’s a quote from the conclusion: “The reader may have noticed that the concept of labor value plays no role in describing exchange in this model; it enters only in the definition of exploitation. Although this is unusual in Marxian analysis, it is quite appropriate, as the author believes that the only role labor values should play in a Marxian model is in defining exploitation. Efforts to use labor values in both the theories of exchange and exploitation have led to much obfuscation in Marxian economics.”

**** (complex critiques) ****
There are many.
Some, like the transformation problem Lost_Traveller_ talks about below, require quite technical discussion and a familiarity with Marx's overall goal (in particular, the contents of Kapital 3) to discuss, whereas most people's understanding of LTV comes from reading or (reading summaries) of the first part of Kapital 1. Such arguments are typically not suitable for informal discussion with your friends, so I would avoid them.
An additional problem is that to discuss them in detail requires what I would call gauge-fixing, that is, agreeing on exactly what it is that Marx meant. This is usually hopeless in informal discussion given Marx's tendency to a. explain the same concepts many times in different places with slight variations, and b. be unclear about the level of aggregation relevant to his discussions (a lot of the claims of the LTV are meant to be true "on average", but what does average mean? average over time? average over individuals? how big are the "averaging windows"?).
All that being said, below are some common criticisms that are relatively easy to explain and defend in an informal discussion, without having to constantly refer to Marx's exact words and definitions.
  1. Marx wants to claim that exchange value is completely independent of use value. This is clearly false because truly useless objects have no exchange value. Marxists typically ridicule this as the mud pie argument and point out (correctly) that Marx himself acknowledges that having use value is a necessary condition for the exchange value to be non-zero. However, it's a little hard to swallow that there would be no quantitative relation between the two other than that.
  2. Marx introduces exchange value as a sort of equivalence relation: if two things exchange at a certain ratio, then there must be some "inherent" third thing they are equivalent to. Some people reject the existence of this third quantity as a non-sequitur, but I don't think there is any serious problem there. The part that is unclear is how he goes about equating this inherent quantity with socially necessary labor time. This is never precisely explained. A common interpretation is that SNLT is the single factor which, abstracted from other, "obviously present" factors like demand, determines supply. Note that this is certainly not how Marx explains it. Even Marx seems to acknowledge that whether some amount of labor was really "socially necessary" or not depends on demand: at a given level of technology, it could take you 1hour to make a piece of linen, but if for some reason, a lot more of some better material appeared overnight than previously existed (maybe because it was imported), then some of that 1hr would no longer be socially necessary labor time, because people want less of your linen. How is this bad, you say, if SNLT is defined for a given level of demand (again, this is never made explicit)? The reason is that in this example, demand is clearly related to "use value": the reason demand changed is that a different, more useful material has appeared. This seems to contradict the claim that SNLT is the one thing which determines exchange value, independently of use value.
  3. Related to the previous issue is the fact that Marx agglomerates all types of labor, skilled or not, into a single quantity. It is never explained how this can be done. In the vein of your friend says, some people say any time spent training or educating a worker also goes into the SNLT required to produce whatever they make. However this seems to assume that each hour of training will be linearly distributed over the lifetime of the worker. That is, if it takes 5000 more hours to train a jeweler than cobbler, then those 5000 hours will be distributed accross the exchange value the jeweler adds to each piece and make it comparatively that much more valuable than the value the cobbler adds to each shoe. This is very a strong and somewhat unbelievable assumption.
  4. Related to 3., Marx assumes all value ultimately comes from consumption of labor power. This is highly unclear, because there are other activities, which are not obviously expending "labor power", like eating or listening to a talk, that are also ultimately productive. How should those be counted? A sharpening of this criticism of taking labor power as the ultimate unit of value can be found in Piero Sraffa's famous critique of LTV, Production of commodities by means of commodities.
  5. Marx's idea of SNLT, and the related idea of surplus value, creates a complex entanglement of "exploitation": through the worker's work, it is also his parents, his teachers, his partner, his friends, anyone who has ever helped him, the work of those people who built the machines, books, tools, computers he uses to work and train himself that are all being "exploited", since they also contributed in some manner to the SNLT for whatever he is producing. This is not accounted for in the way Marx defines the rate of exploitation. Of course, it is possible that Marx is only talking about "first order" effects, and by taking proper averages, the dominant term in the rate of exploitation is really just the "exploitation" that falls on the worker. But there is no proof or argument for this anywhere in Kapital.
  6. Any empirical verification of the LTV requires fixing a level of aggregation and selecting quantities which represent Marx's words. There are many ways to do this, so Marxists can forever argue that whenever some empirical result does not confirm the LTV, it is because you did not use the correct averages, the correct definition of SNLT, the correct way to transform such and such skilled labor into "equivalent" unskilled labor, or the correct way of accounting for training or other forms of human capital investments. Because it is undefined in this way, Marxian LTV is fundamentally empirically unfalsifiable.
None of these are completely definitive: because Marx did not write precisely, there is always room for interpretation regarding what he really meant or how serious these objections are in the context of his overarching goal. Also, you should realize that any "serious" Marxist will be aware of these issues and have responses prepared. (Point 4) could have been better formulated. Let me try to rephrase, and keep Sraffa and my example somewhat apart : the criticism of Sraffa and others is that labor plays an undeserved special role in Marx's theory. Why not base the whole theory on some other quantity which is required to create other goods, say corn, and then define a rate of exploitation of corn, etc. Analytically, you would get a strictly equivalent theory. The immediate response that humans are clearly special needs a more detailed development, precisely because Marx wants his theory to be scientific. If you want to argue why human labor is special, you cannot do it on the basis of some moral or metaphysical reason ("it's people we are talking about!"). You have to explain why exploitation of labor power is untenable in the long run, but somehow exploitation of commodities is not. Here exploitation is not in the usual pejorative sense, but in the Marxian sense.
To get to your point: what Marx says is special about labor power is that it is the only commodity whose consumption is productive. He does (as you point out) discuss the labor power contained in machines and intermediate goods for further processing. However something like a book is a final good which everyone can buy, yet its consumption can be productive. This is not accounted for in Marx's theory. You are correct that there is an obvious way in which one might try to account for it, but he didn't. For him, only the capitalist consumes a form of commodity ("labor power") which creates additional (exchange) value in the act of consumption. My point here is that we all do, all the time. Note also that in the case of an abstract commodity like a book, the usual Marxian picture of the amount of time contained in a machine being transmitted to all the goods it is used to make for over its lifetime is a little harder to believe, since the book is basically eternal.
**** (complex critiques) ****
Citations: One, Two, Three, Four, Five

  1. Theoretical critique
Marxism has lots of critics on numerous grounds. The thing that often is connected with why Marxism fails in practice is supposedly the positive conception of a post-capitalist society found in Marx. The funny thing is that Marx doesn't actually provide much of this, so there's a sense in which Marxism is compatible with many different positive conceptions of post-capitalist society. The most popular way of cashing out Marxism with a positive conception of a post-capitalist society is Marxist-Leninism. So if you ask me the thing wrong with Marxism in theory, I will tell you it is the additions made to Marxist-Leninism which is the main issue. As it turns out, authoritarianism is terrible even when a commie does it and democratic centralism is a good excuse to suppress dissent. There's lots of less practical problems with Marxism. I don't think many people are fans of dialectical materialism anymore (though arguably historical materialism has faired much better), I think metaphysical materialism has mostly given away to physicalism, etc which are less metaphysically contentious. I think many people would agree that there are better ways to describe exploitation under capitalism than how Marx does it. I think that Marxist economic predictions about capitalism are not taken very seriously by anybody outside of Marxism (which is okay because I don't think that capitalism has to be inherently unstable for us to believe there is something wrong with it). There's probably lots of other things I disagree with Marxism on, such as Engels' ethical skepticism of sorts, etc. And yet despite all of those things I'm still very leftist. I still believe the feature you mention in your post regarding the notion of property freedom as you call it. I would still have common ground with Marx on numerous other things.
Marx's writing can come across as unilineal-evolutionary, which is not only a mistake in itself but kind of Eurocentric and arguably even racist, though he partly got that feature from Hegel. A good chunk of the early part of Der Einzige Und Sein Eigentum (The Unique and its Property) is Stirner parodying this feature of Hegel and Stirner's own contemporaries, the Young Hegelians, of which Marx was one. For what it's worth, I do think it was an oversight and not some desire of Marx or Engels to denigrate non-Europeans.
Here's an interesting Native American perspective on Marxism.
Citation: One

  1. Ideological and behavioral critique
Richard Wolff, Richard Wolff 2
(to be filled)
submitted by mirroring_ to u/mirroring_ [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 13:01 Perryapsis The Distribution of Votes and Outlier Analysis of the AP Poll (Week 4)

TABLE

HOW TO READ THIS TABLE
Teams are ranked in their order from the AP Poll for the current week. The column to the right of the team name shows the number of points that team received using the AP Poll's Borda Count rules. The following columns show how many votes for each ranking the team received. The "U" column shows how many voters left the team off their ballots entirely. Gridlines are placed every 5 lines for ease of reading. A double-line is placed below the 25th-ranked team to distinguish "ranked" teams above it to "receiving votes" teams below it.
Some cells are shaded to highlight points of interest. The green diagonal highlights how many voters ranked a team exactly where they ended up in the overall poll. For example, Penn State is ranked 10th in this week's poll and 3 voters placed Penn State in their 10th spot. Values for which a team received no votes at that rank are shaded in red, while placements chosen by only exactly one voter are highlighted in blue. The most common selection (the mode) for each team is shaded yellow. Votes that are more than three standard deviations away from the mean are considered outliers and shaded in purple. Finally, since there are very few votes that ever end up near the top-right or bottom-left of the chart, those cells are filled in with black diagonally as much as possible without covering up any nonzero values. This helps naturally guide the eye while viewing the chart and helps identify outlying votes.
NOTES FOR THIS WEEK
The upper Wilner Diagonal was set by 11 voters leaving flair Ohio State unranked, while all but three of the voters who included them put them 4th or higher. The lower Wilner Diagonal is set by Kirk Bohls for ranking flair Kansas State 11th. A total of 174 votes were cast for receiving-votes teams amounting to a total of 758 points (3.8%). 254 votes matched their team's rank exactly this week (e.g. putting the 10th place team at 10, 20th place at 20th, etc). flair Mississippi State has the largest disagreement between voters again this week with a standard deviation of 4.95, almost 20% of the total range. Ohio State is notable for receiving 4 first-place votes while also being unranked by others, the widest possible range for one team. However, since their votes are mostly clustered high, their standard deviation is only 4.22.
With the whole of the FBS eligible to receive votes this week, I wondered how that would effect each conference's totals. You can see it in table form here. The flair B1G and flair PAC-12 received a combined 3,695 points, or 18.3% of all points. The flair Mountain West and the flair MAC received no votes despite being eligible. The flair American received more points than the flair PAC-12. The flair Big XII declined by 38.0%, while the flair ACC and flair SEC declined by only 8.7% and 6.8%, respectively. flair FBS Independents lost 19.6% of their points. The overall effect is an increase of 9.6% for the P5 at the expense of the G5 and independents.
OUTLIER ANALYSIS
Adjusted rankings
This follows the same methodology as my original analysis from the preseason poll. Due to new teams becoming eligible despite no games played, there is a generally wider disagreement between voters this week, leading to larger standard deviations for each team. However, the distributions are narrow enough that omitting top flair B1G teams counted as an outlier. After adjusting for this, flair Ohio State jumps from 6th to 3rd and flair Penn State leapfrogs flair Texas to 9th. Besides that, flair North Carolina and flair UCF flip-flop at 11th-12th. Due to the greater variance in the votes this week, there is actually no shuffling of the receiving-votes teams this week, although the bottom three (flair Army, flair Kentucky, and flair Washington) are removed for lack of any votes remaining.

COLUMN ANALYSIS
I don't know exactly what to call this. Lots of people talk about extreme votes for a given team. "What madlad put flair Oklahoma at 5th? What were they thinking when they dropped Texas to 24th?" and the like. These sorts of things can be seen by looking at a row of the standard table. Nobody asks, "Who is worst team to receive a 8th-place vote (flair)? Who is the best team to get left at 21st by somebody (flair)?" I'm still working on a way to clean this table up and make it look presentable, but here is the raw excel output for this week.

AUSTRALIAN POLL
Flipped-votes rankings
Why not flip all the votes upside down for fun and chaos? Then the goal is to be ranked as low as possible on each ballot, but not get left off of any ballots. This results in a silly ranking, but screw it, why not? flair Pitt tops the Australian Poll this week the same as last week.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I would like to thank u/bakonydraco for providing the data set for this table.

TABLE

No shading

Conference eligibility effects

Outlier-adjusted rankings

Column extremes

Flipped-votes rankings

submitted by Perryapsis to CFB [link] [comments]


2020.09.28 12:26 BlockDotCo Blockchain Use in Intellectual Property

Blockchain Use in Intellectual Property
Link to original article: https://block.co/blockchain-use-in-intellectual-property/
Patents, trademarks, and industrial designs, along with copyrights, are all types of intellectual property protections that help creators of written stories, inventions, artistic works, or symbols to stop people from stealing or copying their pieces of work. In this article, we will examine how blockchain is used in Intellectual Property rights.
Broadly speaking, Intellectual Properties (IP) are “unique, value-adding creations of the human intellect that result from human ingenuity, creativity, and inventiveness.” (Kalanje, 2006).
By observing trends, we can identify a steady increase in the number of Intellectual Property applications worldwide. According to official statistics by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), applications worldwide of patents grew 72.3% over ten years, increasing to 3,326,300 from 2008 to 2018. Trademarks grew an astonishing 160% over the same period, to a record 14,321,800 number of applications, while industrial design applications were 1,312,600, growing by 61%. Every country has a specific authority where to apply for proper protection. However, it is becoming increasingly common that these jurisdictions will utilize blockchain technology to provide a smoother, faster, and cheaper application process and a system that ensures an incorruptible and secure timestamping through the hashing function.
How does it work?
Blockchain ‘trust’ is guaranteed by hashing algorithms, instead of third parties. Since, by default, hashes are unique and cannot be misinterpreted, nor two same hashes can be produced, it’s just easy to identify and match that hash with a unique document creating an unambiguous proof of existence. This way, a permanent ledger of data is created to prove the existence and the lifecycle of a specific IP right, enhancing its protection at a registry or in court.
Blockchain use in Intellectual Property potential is enormous, aiding in the evidence of creatorship and provenance authentication to registering and clearing IP rights; digital rights management; establishing and enforcing IP agreements, licenses, or exclusive distribution networks through smart contracts; and transmitting payments in real-time to IP owners.
In the case of patents, the real benefit of using blockchain lies in the immutable ledger of records with a tamper-proof code providing strong evidence of facts about an invention life-cycle. However, unlike copyrights, any new creation will still have to be patented with the proper authority or anyone else will be free to copy it or claim it without incurring any legal trouble.
https://preview.redd.it/py8eashu7vp51.png?width=940&format=png&auto=webp&s=224cf5fb4087a6100f99a05c19038b18abeca6fa
“Deploying blockchain technology within the patent system could reduce inefficiencies in recording and efficiently agreeing the time of registrations, perhaps across several national patent systems” (Boucher et al., 2017).
In the case of Copyrights, these do not need to be registered with a government authority, therefore blockchain can have a major role in ensuring that evidence can be provided of authorship, use, and status of a specific production. Particularly, in case of disputes in court, blockchain provides strong evidence to prove an inventor’s right on intellectual property, and protect legal rights on authorship. So, when including writing and literary or artistic works, creators get some type of protection automatically via blockchain, whereas with others, they have to apply for it.
Trademarks, on the other hand, are the IP protection type that can most benefit from blockchain because it can easily, quickly, and very cheaply prove how similar are two marks to each other and who can claim to have used it first, providing immutable and timestamped proof of dates and usage. By using blockchain, many of the questions which can arise about exactly when, where, and how the trademark was used, can be instantly answered.
Cyprus-based company Block.co provides services in a range of different industries, and timestamping trademarks on the blockchain is one of them. The company is a spin-off of the University of Nicosia, one of the biggest blockchain contributors globally, and its mission is to eliminate document fraud in all sectors, by transforming the way institutions manage digital records.
International business and technology lawyer Christiana Aristidou makes large use of Block.co’s services and especially in copyrights and trademarks for several of her clients.
“We consider the Block.co solution indispensable towards our objective of constantly enhancing the provision of our legal services through innovative technological solutions. The protection of copyright and other relevant intellectual property rights now involves a simple, fast, automated, and cost-efficient, blockchain-backed certificate issuance. Using blockchain, thereby ensuring a transparent, immutable, secure, time-stamped, and tamper-proof recording of data, the Block.co solution offers a revolutionary and innovative means to protect our clients’ intellectual property, instead of other time-consuming and costly traditional processes.” she recently stated.
“Specifically, our clients’ data and evidence supporting their authorship, invention, or creation of any property that warrants copyright protection, may now be recorded in a digital document, which is then verified in a trusted and time-stamped manner on a blockchain. Our clients retain ownership and control of their data, having been granted easy access to a self-verifiable blockchain-secured certificate of such data.”
Smart Contracts
Smart contracts could also represent an important asset of blockchain technology because they can be used in intellectual property to establish and enforce agreements such as licenses and allow the transmission of payments in real-time to IP owners. Indeed, they allow automatic payments for transactions between users and rights holders with no middle man, thereby cutting out intermediate fees, longer procedures, and bureaucratic hurdles.
https://preview.redd.it/arfnefjx7vp51.png?width=940&format=png&auto=webp&s=78db6dc6f734385de74e2916091fff72e935c4e8
Blockchain in IP around the world
In Europe, various governmental agencies and IP registries such as the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) are actively involved in researching and promoting blockchain capabilities within the industry.
In particular, they believe blockchain can transform IP rights by highlighting, in one of their advanced research forums, that:
  • IP and blockchain are interrelated
  • Blockchain is transformative
  • IP protection will drive innovation in the ecosystem
  • Blockchain technology will transform IP protection and enforcement
  • Blockchain technology provides opportunities for both pirates and law enforcement
In India, the IPO (Indian Patent Office) is working on using blockchain and other innovative technologies like AI and IOT to enable smoother patent processes. A Blockchain-AI-based ecosystem is on the table to manage IP protection in India, intending to produce a much more efficient, straightforward, and faster procedure. IPO recently announced a tender called, “Expression of Interest for Making use of Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, IoT and other latest technologies in the Patent Processing system of IPO”, reinforcing their will to proceed along this line of work and stay up to date with the technological innovation that blockchain, AI and IoT can bring to the benefit of IP rights. A legal framework for a Blockchain-based IP registry to protect and commercialize smart ideas is one of the main and earliest initiatives the IPO is taking for the Indian IP industry.
In the United States, we find a clear example of how blockchain is used to protect American businesses from IPR theft by testing imports. Since blockchain has proven to be beneficial to streamline communication between multiple parties securely, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), with the funding of the Department of Homeland Security’s Science & Technology Directorate, recently completed a proof-of-concept (PoC) of a blockchain platform with that specific aim. Personal data and trade secrets would be kept safe at all times using encrypted keys, with the blockchain acting as an immutable ledger to record trade transactions.
In Southeast Asia, Thailand is leading the way in developing blockchain technology for IP protection. Various organizations and government offices have invested in projects aimed at implementing the tech to make IPR processes more efficient and faster. The Ministry of Commerce has recently launched a feasibility study to explore the use of blockchain for IP registration in the country, while the Thai Trade Policy and Strategy Office (TPSO), in collaboration with the British Embassy, were designated to analyze the study and translate it into action plans for future developments.
Conclusion — Blockchain limits and benefits in IP
As with every new technology, especially the most disruptive ones, setbacks can be both from a technical and a systemic perspective. Enormous processing power and scalability are still the main issues from a technical point, whereas a system that could connect registries across the world through a single distributed ledger represents the main challenge, not only for IP-related industries. Thankfully, Block.co’s solution already uses the Bitcoin blockchain and its network effect for this purpose, envisioning truly decentralized and secure storage for IP rights, that will outlive any issuing institution itself.
An international standardized system and platform that could facilitate global communication and successful management of IP rights via blockchain is an ambition that is reflected in healthcare, law, and many other industries. On the other hand, blockchain based IP rights enforcement is already a huge achievement, especially for those small artists who could not afford teams of lawyers to defend them in disputes to prove records of their authorship.
For more info, contact Block.co directly or email at [email protected].
Tel +357 70007828
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2020.09.28 07:34 throwaway7391746 I legitimately hate whenever my country is discussed on reddit

I am Japanese, I live in Japan. I am English/Japanese bilingual and I have lived and worked in both Japan and the United States. And do you know what really bothers me? Any time reddit talks about my country. Every so often a post about Japan will pop up in trending, like the post about the Miss Sherlock actress who committed suicide, or the recent TIL post about Japanese holidays. And in every single thread about Japan the comments are always filled with people who have never been to or lived in Japan, who know literally nothing about Japan, making claims that aren't even true. I don't even know why I click on these threads anymore, I legitimately hate reading them. What makes it even worse is if you link to articles showing that their claims are incorrect they double down.
I'll give an example. One of the many claims is about how "toxic" Japanese work culture is. These people are talking about the work culture of a country they have never lived or worked in, and are talking about thousands of companies as if they are all exactly the same. One of the common reddit claims is about how Japanese people work 18 hours a day and never get to see their families, and yet workers in Japan work less hours in a year than Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, Koreans etc. How is everyone in Japan working 18 hours days every day when we are literally working less than those other countries and they're not working 18 hours a day in those countries?
Another common claim is suicide. I regularly see comments claiming that Japan has the highest suicide rate in the world, and that's not even close to true. According to the WHO Japan's suicide rate (as of a few years ago) is 20.5 deaths per 100,000 population. Comparatively in that same year the rate in the United States was 21.1 deaths per 100,000 population and in Korea it was 29.6 per 100,000. Tell me again how do we have the highest suicide rate in the world? And our numbers are dropping btw.
Another thing I dislike is the "wacky Japan" claims. I remember like 10 years ago there was something going around online about "bagel heads", saying that Japanese people get injections into their head that looks like a bagel. Yeah no we fucking don't.
I hate kpop fans who go around on reddit saying that Japan is so evil because they tried to colonize Korea. That shit happened literally lifetimes ago. Japan has issued apologies to Korea on multiple occasions and paid them and yet it's never good enough. Japan apologized in the 60s, the money that they paid was supposed to go to the victims and the Korean government instead used it on infrastructure. Apparently that doesn't count because their government was very corrupt at that time and the victims didn't get any money, so Japan apologized again in the 90s and set up a private fund so that they could ensure the money actually reaches the victims that time. Still not good enough. And then Japan apologized against a few years ago and paid once more, but apparently that's not good enough because their government was corrupt at that time. But it's cool, it's lots of fun to go on reddit and claim that Japan is so horrible because I like kpop and have never lived in either country and don't knowing what I'm talking about. It's cool to go on reddit and write claims about how all Japanese people hating Korea despite kpop and kdramas being extremely popular in Japan. That's all cool I guess.
I see all kinds of crazy claims about my country on reddit but if I even try to explain that the claims are wrong and link to data which shows this then people argue with me and tell me that I don't know what I'm talking about despite that they don't knowing anything about **my** country. I hate all the false claims, I hate the "wacky Japan" narrative, I hate people who don't know anything about my country trying to tell me about my country. I hate the narrative that treats people from my country like robots who have to act a certain way. I hate the Korean anti-Japan narrative that kpop fans push. Fuck all of that shit man.
submitted by throwaway7391746 to japan [link] [comments]


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2020.09.27 09:54 Zelbinian Kickstarter Roundup: September 27, 2020 30+ Ending Soon (including: Streets) & 55+ New This Week (including: The 7th Citadel)

What this is:

This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter board game projects that are either:
  • newly posted in the past 7 days, or
  • ending in the next 7 days (starting Sep 28) and have at least a fighting chance of being funded.
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (The occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!)
Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between midnight and noon PST.

Ending Soon

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
Assault on the Marmot King Assault on the Marmot King is a flip-and-write game, in PnP format,of square puzzle, patterns and road building. // Has raised €2,235 of €250 so far. (~894%) ☑ 1 - 5 362 $2 / €6 Sep 28 kicktraq bgg
CH35S a 2-player, 20 min. war game for $1 // Has raised $1,878 of $35 so far. (~5366%) ☑ 2 362 $1 / $5 Sep 28 kicktraq
Atma: A Roleplaying Card Game A full-fledged RPG in 2 hours. For roleplaying novices and experts alike. // Has raised $29,556 of $20,000 so far. (~148%) ☑ 2 - 5 782 $15 / $38 Sep 28 kicktraq #rpg
Xmas PileUP A pocket-sized, Christmas-themed, stacking-dexterity game for the whole family. Featuring cute Christmas tree shaped meeples! // Has raised £8,181 of £1,000 so far. (~818%) ☑ 2 - 4 362 $13 / £23 Sep 29 kicktraq
WAY OF THE SAMURAI : Blood and Bushido A Solo Card Game of Samurai Fights! // Has raised €44,859 of €5,000 so far. (~897%) ☑ 1 1623 $11 / €28 Sep 29 kicktraq bgg #reprint #expansion
Gone Bunkers A card game for people who love war games and nuking their friends. Did we mention you are also going against robots & aliens? // Has raised $3,138 of $3,500 so far. (~90%) 2 - 6 50 $20 / $63 Sep 30 kicktraq
War and Peace 6th Edition The 6th edition of Mark McLaughlin's War and Peace // Has raised $50,627 of $22,000 so far. (~230%) ☑ 2 474 $39 / $107 Sep 30 kicktraq #newedition
Monsters on Board A spooky dice-drafting game with custom dice, 3D cardboard cars and colorful monster minis // Has raised $186,456 of $30,000 so far. (~622%) ☑ 1 - 4 2643 $54 / $71 Sep 30 kicktraq bgg
Rebellion A Social Deduction Party Game // Has raised $6,636 of $10,000 so far. (~66%) 6 - 17 59 $25 / $112 Sep 30 kicktraq
Cracker Games One giant cracker. Six brilliant games. Reusable, re-playable & plastic-free. The perfect addition to your Christmas table. // Has raised £7,852 of £2,000 so far. (~393%) ☑ varies 227 $13 / £35 Oct 01 kicktraq
RIFTFORCE Elegant deck construction and tense hand management packed in 1 box. A duel game from an experienced team with 3150 possible match ups. // Has raised €23,516 of €10,000 so far. (~235%) ☑ 2 806 $30 / €29 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Autofarmer: The card game A competitive card game about growing cannabis. Withstand nature and opponents in the merciless world of danky dank weed growers. // Has raised $12,506 of $15,000 so far. (~83%) 2 - 4 126 $12 / $99 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg #expansion #reprint
Streets An urban tile laying game for 1-5 players from the designer of Villagers. // Has raised £256,108 of £29,500 so far. (~868%) ☑ 1 - 5 6709 $49 / £38 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
The Pet Cemetery Chain cards together to outwit, outplay, and race your friends to the end in this light 30-min pet monster themed board game. // Has raised C$18266 of C$10000 so far. (~183%) ☑ 2 - 6 364 $30 / C$50 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Philosophia: Floating World An epic sandbox adventure set in feudal Japan. Philosophia: Floating World is a fully simultaneous deckbuilder for 1 to 6 players. // Has raised £63,336 of £24,000 so far. (~264%) ☑ 1 - 6 843 $88 / £75 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Finger Your Friends! YOU ARE THE GAME! Tell awesome stories, answer awkward questions, accept ridiculous challenges & Finger Your Friends! // Has raised $635 of $25 so far. (~2540%) ☑ 4 - 6 21 $25 / $30 Oct 01 kicktraq #nsfw
LG TACTICS - Strategy-Lite Card Game The easy to learn battle game with a clean fantasy style // Has raised $7,306 of $1,250 so far. (~584%) ☑ 1 - ? 292 $15 / $25 Oct 01 kicktraq
Flourish A delightful game about crafting gardens from the creators of Everdell. In English, German, and French. // Has raised $116,989 of $15,000 so far. (~780%) ☑ 1 - 7 3107 $39 / $38 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
Twisted's Monstrous Marvels Monumental miniatures hand-sculpted and made in Australia. // Has raised A$17,403 of A$6,000 so far. (~290%) ☑ - 121 $37 / A$144 Oct 01 kicktraq #minis
Devil in the Wilderness Get in on this game of witch hunting in Colonial America.. where you can be the hunter, the hunted... or both! // Has raised $3,117 of $1,500 so far. (~208%) ☑ 2 - 5 35 $15 / $89 Oct 01 kicktraq
Tomorrow Dies Today A strategy board game with 3 game modes: Syndicate (Solo/Cooperative), Mayhem (Team vs Team), and Cutthroat (Competitive/Co-Op Hybrid) // Has raised $18,861 of $15,000 so far. (~126%) ☑ 1 - 6 173 $65 / $109 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg
The Reckoners: Steelslayer An expansion to the cooperative board game based on the books by Brandon Sanderson. // Has raised $278,616 of $50,000 so far. (~557%) ☑ 1 - 6 3171 $59 / $88 Oct 01 kicktraq bgg #expansion
Carbon City Zero: World Edition Carbon City Zero: World Edition is a collaborative deck-building game, in which players develop a sustainable city. // Has raised £17,286 of £4,000 so far. (~432%) ☑ 1 - 4 565 $20 / £31 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg #newedition
Code On Code On is a problem-solving card game that involves cracking the genetic code! More details at: http://www.cognition-games.com // Has raised €6,262 of €6,000 so far. (~104%) ☑ 2 - 4 126 $22 / €50 Oct 02 kicktraq
Divine Harem Card Game Let your lust filled needs run wild in this fun and sexy card game, where you must beat your opponents to build a Divine Harem. // Has raised £48,631 of £500 so far. (~9726%) ☑ 2 - 4 566 $32 / £86 Oct 02 kicktraq #nsfw
Oak & Steel a 3.5x game set in the American Old West // Has raised $6,124 of $12,000 so far. (~51%) 2 - 4 149 $45 / $41 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg #take2
Hedgeways Lay your hedges as field boundaries in this timeless game. Who can win by enclosing more land? // Has raised £1,594 of £2,000 so far. (~80%) 2 48 $34 / £33 Oct 02 kicktraq
Embarcadero Build the city of San Francisco on the hulls of abandoned ships during the California Gold Rush. // Has raised $40,671 of $5,000 so far. (~813%) ☑ 1 - 5 739 $60 / $55 Oct 02 kicktraq bgg
As You 'Wich A Hilarious Game for Sandwich Lovers // Has raised $23,814 of $10,000 so far. (~238%) ☑ 3 - 8 558 $20 / $43 Oct 02 kicktraq
FUTURES Imagine and share your stories of alternative future worlds. // Has raised C$5340 of C$2500 so far. (~214%) ☑ 1 - 8 241 $19 / C$22 Oct 03 kicktraq
Name That Puppy A card game for all ages where you compete to pick the best name for different adorable puppies. // Has raised $621 of $500 so far. (~124%) ☑ ? 22 $20 / $28 Oct 03 kicktraq

New This Week

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
'Dogs & Pigs' - 5,000-year-old board game PIECES The game was found intact (minus the board), but NOBODY KNOWS HOW TO PLAY IT // Has raised $24 of $45 so far. (~53%) ? 22 $1 / $1 Oct 23
Awakening of the Gods Memory Board Game // Has raised €71 of €300 so far. (~24%) 1 - 4 3 $41 / €24 Nov 24
Barking Spiders Card Game A card game created for the whole family to enjoy while locked in together breathing each other's fumes. // Has raised $1,425 of $22,000 so far. (~6%) ? 26 $20 / $55 Oct 23
BOCK HERO A beautiful card battle game - with a DRINKING twist - featuring 4 unique factions, and more to come! // Has raised C$1549 of C$9000 so far. (~17%) 2 - 4 29 $23 / C$53 Oct 28
Cactus Town Tension! Chaos! Fun! A fast-playing action programming game for 2-4 players. // Has raised €61,459 of €25,000 so far. (~246%) ☑ 2 - 4 1249 $30 / €49 Oct 20 bgg
Covid-19 Card Game A card game that promotes proper hygiene precautionary measures necessary for the prevention of the Covid-19 virus. // Has raised NZ$1 of NZ$1,500 so far. (~0%) 2 - 6 1 $10 / NZ$1 Oct 13
Crash Octopus Collect the treasures and escape the giant octopus! A super fun, flicking dexterity game from Japan. // Has raised ¥4,050,309 of ¥500,000 so far. (~810%) ☑ 2 - 4 744 $31 / ¥5,444 Oct 27 bgg
Cybersplit Sci-Fi\Cyberpunk resin miniatures for painters, collectors, and tabletop games.28mm, 54mm, 75mm // Has raised C$5442 of C$6000 so far. (~91%) - 56 $16 / C$97 Oct 22 #minis
D12 Domino Deck Double 12 dominoes set in top quality playing card form. The classic casual game for all ages. Portable and convenient. // Has raised £101 of £2,500 so far. (~4%) varies 5 $18 / £20 Oct 01
Dangerous A newly localized card game from a great indie publisher in Japan. // Has raised $1,032 of $500 so far. (~206%) ☑ 2 - 4 61 $18 / $17 Oct 09 bgg
Dinosaur World and Dinosaur Island: Rawr 'n Write Dinosaur World and Dinosaur Island: Rawr 'n Write are two stand-alone games set in the Dinosaur Island Universe! // Has raised $467,423 of $25,000 so far. (~1870%) ☑ 2 - 4 5849 $30 / $80 Oct 16 bgg
DOG CATCHER - THE CARD GAME Fast Paced Trick taking card game with a lovable twist – DOGS. // Has raised $1,605 of $1,250 so far. (~128%) ☑ 2 - 6 35 $20 / $46 Oct 22
Down the Old Rail Line, vol. 1 A single-player journaling game about a bike journey through a fantastical world // Has raised $405 of $100 so far. (~405%) ☑ 1 26 $3 / $16 Oct 09
DRINKIT For each deck : 2 games - 10 ways to play // Has raised €412 of €2,000 so far. (~21%) 3+ 17 $14 / €24 Nov 24 #lolwut #take2
Dungeon Universalis (Second Printing) Dungeon Universalis: the definitive dungeon crawler. // Has raised €349,354 of €80,000 so far. (~437%) ☑ 1 - 6 2253 $41 / €155 Oct 19 bgg #reprint
Galactic Era an innovative, epic space strategy boardgame about Darkness and Light // Has raised €22,426 of €17,700 so far. (~127%) ☑ 1 - 6 294 $69 / €76 Oct 25 bgg #take2
Ganjifa Play Trick-taking game with Indian-style designed cards, temple figures, and wooden chips. Train your memory and tactical skills. // Has raised $2,398 of $7,000 so far. (~34%) 2 - 4 31 $54 / $77 Nov 05 bgg
Gatefall: Lost in the North Woods Expansion The first expansion to Gatefall, with characters created by artist Alexei Konev. // Has raised $30,897 of $35,000 so far. (~88%) ? 683 $39 / $45 Oct 22 bgg #expansion
GEMJI > Limitless Tabletop Experience Multigame System Ultra-compact hybrid magnetic play system that now does 30+ different games and is a 3D constructor, too. But also so much more! SUB! // Has raised $18,336 of $8,000 so far. (~229%) ☑ 1 - 18 287 $10 / $64 Oct 23
Good Strong Hands RPG A darkly whimsical game about saving your fantastical world. // Has raised $7,265 of $3,000 so far. (~242%) ☑ ? 159 $20 / $46 Oct 22 #rpg
Gunslinger A card game of quick-draw duels and survival // Has raised $721 of $20,000 so far. (~4%) ? 12 $25 / $60 Oct 21
Hogs Of War The Miniatures Game A 1-4 Player Tabletop Miniatures Game with Tech-Tree, Hidden Movement and Base-Building mechanics. Solo and Co-op Modes included! // Has raised £94,878 of £18,000 so far. (~527%) ☑ 1 - 4 1026 $88 / £92 Oct 15 bgg
Hybrids A competitive strategy board game featuring disgustingly cute, genetically pliable Blibs. // Has raised $2,032 of $38,000 so far. (~5%) 3 - 6 21 $60 / $97 Oct 25 bgg
Kingdom (2nd Edition) Build your community together. Fight for what you believe in… or watch it burn. A game about communities by the author of Microscope // Has raised $17,840 of $2,500 so far. (~714%) ☑ 2 - 5 638 $10 / $28 Oct 13 #rpg #newedition
LINEHAULER Become King of the Road with the Linehauler Board gameBy Aussie Road Train // Has raised A$900 of A$28,000 so far. (~3%) 1 - 4 13 $36 / A$69 Oct 22
Lord of the Chords: Bach for an Encore! The Punniest Music Theory Card Game - Kickstarter-Exclusive Foil Cards - $230K+ Previously Raised - 6000 First Edition Copies SOLD OUT // Has raised S$56,621 of S$15,000 so far. (~377%) ☑ 2 - 4 754 $38 / S$75 Oct 22 bgg #reprint
Lose your in-laws! The card game that keeps your in-laws out, especially your mother-in-law!! // Has raised €1,278 of €14,100 so far. (~9%) 2 - 6 37 $23 / €35 Oct 23
Lost To Time Embark on an epic adventure and gain unimaginable treasure in this exhilarating and innovative real-time co-operative board game! // Has raised C$13557 of C$27000 so far. (~50%) 2 - 4 226 $49 / C$60 Oct 17 bgg
Machina Arcana ~ To Eternity A dark and immersive experience awaits you and your group of explorers. Travel the unknown, face cosmic horrors and fight for survival! // Has raised $265,568 of $30,000 so far. (~885%) ☑ 1 - 4 3519 $25 / $75 Oct 15 bgg #expansion
Madoshi: Priests of the Sun and Moon A 1 to 2 player pattern-matching game of Japanese magic and elements. // Has raised $1,647 of $3,000 so far. (~55%) 1 - 2 61 $15 / $27 Oct 11 bgg
MAGDA --The Card Game Travel the Universe in this Solo-Play Card Game inspired by 80's sci-fi thrillers. But beware, your AI has grown sentient--and deadly. // Has raised $5,714 of $3,000 so far. (~190%) ☑ 1 160 $20 / $36 Oct 22 bgg
March on the Drina - WW1 World War One strategy board game covering Balkan Peninsula Theater. // Has raised $4,117 of $5,350 so far. (~77%) 2 - 4 75 $55 / $55 Oct 21 bgg
Martial Art: Clans The great clans of Japan rise for war in this tactical card game. // Has raised $4,461 of $3,000 so far. (~149%) ☑ 2 - 4 193 $9 / $23 Oct 22 #expansion
Midnight Pig A game about strategy, survival, monsters and murder. // Has raised £1,342 of £3,000 so far. (~45%) 3 - 6 32 $32 / £42 Oct 25
Mother of Frankenstein An immersive puzzle game based on the life of Mary Shelley, author of Frankenstein // Has raised $49,056 of $33,000 so far. (~149%) ☑ 1 - 6 400 $10 / $123 Oct 24 bgg
Neko Harbour: The Card Game A strategy card game that brings 2-4 players to see penguins in Antarctica! // Has raised €5,444 of €5,000 so far. (~109%) ☑ 2 - 4 250 $30 / €22 Oct 20 bgg
Night Parade of a Hundred Yokai Raise an army of supernatural beings to haunt the islands of Japan in this asymmetrical engine building game! // Has raised $35,865 of $10,000 so far. (~359%) ☑ 1 - 4 700 $50 / $51 Oct 15 bgg
Paranoid The brand new party game bringing together secrets, silliness and a healthy dose of Paranoia! // Has raised £411 of £15,000 so far. (~3%) ? 20 $20 / £21 Nov 01
Pets Gone Shady - Card Game A card game that lets you throw octopuses, deal with naked turtles and avoid hangry hamsters! // Has raised $22,155 of $12,500 so far. (~177%) ☑ 2 - 5 449 $20 / $49 Oct 16 #newedition
REKD The Game The new party game for shameless people // Has raised $371 of $3,800 so far. (~10%) 3+ 10 $19 / $37 Oct 16 #lolwut
Return to Planet Apocalypse Two new expansions for the renowned Planet Apocalypse boardgame PLUS a sourcebook to bring the Apocalypse to your D&D 5e campaign // Has raised $468,334 of $50,000 so far. (~937%) ☑ 1 - 5 3345 $69 / $140 Oct 05 bgg #rpg #expansion #reprint
Scrub's Center for American Medicine A card drafting and line management tabletop game to operate the most profitable Ward at SCAM. Everyone is valued at SCAM! // Has raised $1,188 of $10,000 so far. (~12%) 2 - 4 21 $25 / $57 Nov 08 bgg
Set 🔥 Watch: Swords of the Coin ⚔️ The highly anticipated stand alone expansion to our acclaimed 1-4 player cooperative game, Set a Watch // Has raised $126,525 of $20,000 so far. (~633%) ☑ 1 - 4 2862 $28 / $44 Oct 15 bgg #expansion
Shaolia 2nd print & expansion A fast-paced, dueling game of fantasy kingdom building filled with deadly strategy & clever tactics // Has raised $38,299 of $20,000 so far. (~191%) ☑ 1 - 4 647 $25 / $59 Oct 23 bgg #reprint #expansion
SLEEP TIGHT Drag your fears into the light and escape the Sandman in this action card game by waking up and saving your soul before dawn // Has raised $5,321 of $3,500 so far. (~152%) ☑ 2 - 4 302 $20 / $18 Oct 21 bgg
Song of Steel, the miniature game 28mm miniature set, made of metal, core book, cards and tokens, 2 initial races // Has raised €767 of €13,200 so far. (~6%) 2+ 13 $34 / €59 Oct 16
SouthSide Let's take a trip thru the SouthSide with this sick and twisted party game of sex, drugs, and your mom. // Has raised $161 of $19,615 so far. (~1%) 4 - 10 5 $40 / $32 Nov 24 #lolwut
Stage 3 4 player co-op game. You play as a health worker to slow the spread of infections and limit the number of patients heading to the ICU // Has raised A$2,953 of A$28,000 so far. (~11%) 4 32 $50 / A$92 Oct 22
Temple of Caelum Only by uniting forces can the Heroes of Caelum and the Daughters of Hell stop this destruction and save our worlds! // Has raised $475 of $35,000 so far. (~1%) 2 - 4 12 $70 / $40 Oct 18
Ten Suns: Dawn of China You are invincible, but your power is fading as time passes. Solidify your authority among the Gods of China before you grow too weak. // Has raised S$13,365 of S$9,000 so far. (~148%) ☑ 2 - 6 346 $20 / S$39 Oct 06 bgg
THE 7th CITADEL After The 7th Continent, explore the world of the Collapsing Lands! // Has raised €1,527,574 of €300,000 so far. (~509%) ☑ 1 - 4 21599 $81 / €71 Oct 15 bgg
The Dragon & Flagon: The Brew That Is True A freshly brewed expansion for Dragon & Flagon! // Has raised $11,592 of $3,000 so far. (~386%) ☑ 2 - 8 288 $30 / $40 Oct 09 bgg #expansion
The Heist: Card Game The Heist is a fun social deduction game for up to 8 players. take on your role as a cop or robber and complete your objective. // Has raised $3 of $2,500 so far. (~0%) 4 - 8 3 $12 / $1 Oct 31
The Landing: Gallipoli, 1915 A quick solo historical game of the first day of the Australian and New Zealand Corps' amphibious assault at Gallipoli. // Has raised $3,404 of $300 so far. (~1135%) ☑ 1 104 $25 / $33 Oct 08 bgg
The Thing - The Boardgame The official board game inspired by the 1982 movie The Thing. // Has raised €208,287 of €42,000 so far. (~496%) ☑ 1 - 8 2726 $93 / €76 Oct 14 bgg

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Footnotes

  • #hmm means that something about the project seems a little off. Buyer beware kinda thing.
  • #lolwut is reserved for projects that seem like copycat games or campaigns put together with little thought. Check 'em out for amusement.
  • #take tags are for projects that have been restarted for some reason, with the number indicating what iteration we're currently on.
  • Did I miss something? Particularly something new in the last 7 days or ending in the next 7 days? Let me know in the comments and I'll add it in.

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2020.09.27 03:25 saigeco The "Black Lives Matter" Movement is the Largest Scale Mass Hysteria Incident in Modern History

Copying the post from FreeSpeech as I couldn't share a link. I haven't written this but fully agree with this (unpopular) opinion.
The blm movement is going to be remembered as one of society's largest scale incidents of mass hysteria built on overt lies and hatred. By nature of their support, hundreds of thousands of otherwise good people are socially endorsing the violence that arises from these hateful "causes" based on utter fabrications.
The definition of terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.
Whether you support their cause or not, both blm and antifa as organizations fit the literal definition of terrorism. If you don't call them that yourself, that's fine, until recently neither did the American government, but merely saying that they aren't terrorists because you might think they have a reason for their actions is a subjective opinion on something that is otherwise an objective fact. blm/antifa and their supporters are responsible for a great number of increasingly violent attacks in recent years targeted towards opposing views (namely white people and Trump supporters), where they've earned the ire that's currently directed towards them. It's time we collectively began to address these left-wing extremists for what they truly are.
black lives matter as both an organization and as a "social statement" were founded primarily on the basis of "systemic racism" and "police brutality". Both of which have very little merit outside of left-wing echochambers, with almost all of its messaging crumbling under the slightest bit of scrutiny (if it's supporters ever bothered to scrutinize what they are being indoctrinated by).
"Systemic racism" is a catch-all term for any and everything to do with race, applied ad hoc to whatever scenarios people would like changed, whether that's in the public and private school systems, our systems of law and the histories of great nations. No legal definition or even standard application of the word has been decided, and everyone has their own variation on what the word means. And yet, governmental bodies themselves and people are changing the way we act, talk and think in order to combat this vague THEORY (and I stress that word).
"Police brutality" has been a term applied to virtually any instance of law enforcement being applied with force (and sometimes even without it), specifically and especially in regards to any crime committed by someone of the black community. Repeated study after study of police shootings has disputed any notion of "racism" being a factor in police shootings, and yet the stereotype of "evil, racist police" continues to spread. Some studies have even shown the opposite to be true, that white officers are less likely to shoot black suspects, and adjusted for ratios in crime and population white suspects are more likely to be shot by cops (various studies to follow below). And yet, every time a black person is killed by police, regardless of whether or not they were resisting arrest or actively trying to hurt or kill other people, the "police brutality" and "racism" cards have been pulled to demonize lawful shootings to undermine the faith citizens have in their police and government.
Here are some facts and statistics (or what would probably be considered the real enemy to the blm movement...the truth).
In American cops make about 10,000,000 arrests a year. Those ten million arrests don't include detentions, traffic stops or any of the other peaceful public interactions that make up the remaining approximately 60,000,000 police and citizen contact every year. On average per year, only about 1,000 of those 70 MILLION people interacted with end up dead due to police. Yet, people act like their chances of dying at the hands of a cop are anything but minuscule. The entire blm narrative is built on the foundation of "police brutality" and "racism" that simply isn't reflected in reality.
We're not even going to begin to discuss how many of those 1,000 people killed by cops each year are armed and dangerous (which is the majority of cases), or how many of them aren’t black (also the majority). It's also important to note that in police reporting "unarmed" does not mean "not violent". We can even assume, for the sake of argument, that none of those 1,000 police killings each year are justified (even though the vast majority of them are). The ratio of unarmed black men shot and killed (23) in 2018 was 1 out of 67,334 black men arrested. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting, there were 686,665 sworn police officers in the United States in 2018. That’s one unarmed black male shot and killed for every 49,047 sworn police officers. Out of the nearly 47.8 million black Americans, the police have shot roughly one unarmed black male per roughly 2.1 million people.
The inevitable conversation that follows is that black people only represent 14% of the US population, how is it that they make up such a high number of overall police deaths**.** blm and it's supporters would like to propagate the idea that it's racism. Which fortunately has little factual basis in this topic. This is where we need to have those brutal, honest conversations that everyone claims to want to have regarding race (silence is violence after all), but nobody is actually allowed to discuss without being banned, canceled or called a racist nazi.
In the US, the American black population represents 53% of convicted murders, 29% of rapes, 54% of robberies, 33% of assaults, 43% of weapons charges, 29% of domestic abuse and 27% of drug abuse violations among others (continuing to over index in almost all areas of remaining crime). The vast majority of these crimes were conducted by males, meaning that half of the violent crime in America is committed by less than the roughly 6-7% of black men in the US. It's not only understandable but expected that there would be a higher degree of violence involved in these arrests, as usually the type of person that's being arrested for murder isn't likely to go without a fight, nor would they like to spend their lives in prison. Ignoring these facts is tantamount to delusion.
Almost all studies that conclude that black people are killed disproportionately fail to factor in crime rates into their models, whether on purpose to reach a desired conclusion or via a poor scientific process. Those are very relevant statistics that cannot be ignored when discussing police interactions with black people, nor can they be discarded in studies, as they help to explain why there is a disparity between the black population and arrests/deaths. Many who like to dismiss these figures do so by doing what they always do, and cry "racism", whether it's the mere use of these statistics or in the very core of every single arrest that makes up the data.
But simply hand-waving away the reason that there are so many violent interactions between the black community and the police due to "racism" is disingenuous and deliberate. The reasons behind those crime rates and why the black community is plagued by crime are extraordinarily complicated, and very well may contain elements of race and racism reaching back decades (such as the Welfare system and Jim Crow laws), but that’s an entirely separate conversation for another day unrelated to the premise of "police brutality towards blacks". The fact of the matter is, the black community has and will continue to have problems with overwhelming violence without real intervention, and its these problems that lead to further violent interactions with police.
Keeping the aforementioned statistics in mind, each year, American cops kill more white people, both in raw numbers and when adjusted for crime rates, than black people (note: the study has since been retracted due to public inference, however, the data included remains valid, even more studies with similar findings below). Only roughly .009% of all arrests ended with a civilian death regardless of race, and for every 10 deadly weapon assaults on a police officer there was as a result of 1 fatal police shooting, or in other words, even in encounters with deadly weapons police will only fatally shoot about 10% of the time. In fact, research done by the National Police Research Platform, only roughly 27% of those 680,000+ officers report ever even firing their gun on duty (which doesn't specifically entail actually shooting someone either, just the fact that they've shot their weapon). And yet the narrative of blood thirsty police persists.
Contrary to the black lives matter narrative, the police have much more to fear from black males than black males have to fear from the police.In 2015, black civil-rights commissioner Peter Kirsanow famously defended the police by acknowledging that a police officer is roughly 18.5x more likely to be killed by a black male than an unarmed black male is to be killed by a police officer, a number that's been repeated ad nauseam and is roughly supported by statistics year after year (it lowers to roughly 2.5x more likely for a cop to be killed by armed black males than the reverse). Factually, black males have made up nearly 50 percent of all cop-killers over the last decade even though they are only 6-7% of the overall population.
White people make up roughly over 50% of known race homicide victims, with caucasians representing roughly 76% of the total US population. Black people were 45% of known race homicide victims, but only 13% of the population. Which means the homicide rate for blacks was 3.5x their percentage of the US population, making them over five times as likely to be homicide victims.
According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics 2018 study, 15.3% of violent crimes against whites were committed by blacks for a total of 547,948 crimes, with violent black offenders being 1.8x their percent of the population. In contrast, whites committed 10.6% of violent crimes against blacks for a total of 59,777 crimes, making up 0.8x their percentage of the population. But of violent crime against black people, 70% of the time the offender was reported by the victim themselves as black, which is supportive of the epidemic of black-on-black violence increasing across the country. The offender to victim ratio shows that violent incidents involving black offenders (22%) was twice the percentage of black victims (11%).
Hate crime statistics actually show that in recent years, anti-black incidents overall fell to a recent record low share of all hate crime, while anti-white and other races have seen increases in hate crime towards them. Meanwhile hate crimes committed by black offenders continues to increase year over year, reaching a high of 24% of all reported hate crimes despite making up only 14% of the population. In major cities such as New York, black perpetrators make up the majority of hate crimes towards Jewish and LGBT people, again, despite the narrative that says black people are society's current victims of discrimination.
People need to stop acting like, just because they’re black, they’ll die if they interact with the cops or that white people are targeting black people with racism and hatred. Of course in a country of hundreds of millions of people there is going to be anti-black racism. But it certainly isn't to the degree in which activists like to perpetuate, such as it being a public health crisis. Statistics simply do not reflect any reality in which this absurdity is true, unless a concentrated effort is put into disqualifying and discounting data that opposes the narrative. If anything, the crime data, statistics on police shootings and the general modern societal zeitgeist would suggest an active and ongoing discrimination against whites. But hey, that's another topic for another day isn't it.
The questions that decent human beings need to seriously ask themselves in regards to police is, are you committing crimes? Are you going to resist if the cops try to arrest you? I would hope not for both of those questions. In 2020, there's no excuse for that level of ignorance. Therefore, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are virtually zero. But, the best part is, even if you are committing crimes and resisting arrest, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are still virtually zero, regardless of your skin color or particular demographic.That's the statistical fact. No matter how many slogans are chanted or how many times ACAB is gratified onto buildings, it doesn't suddenly mean the police are out to kill anyone.
The gaslighting from the media and the blm supporters claim that the violent actions of a "few" rioters do not represent most of the "peaceful group" (a courtesy not extended to the legitimately mostly peaceful police). The left-leaning Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project reports that in the summer of 2020 alone (not including the continued riots in September) there were 7,750+ demonstrations related to blm. Of those, over 1000 included some sort of assault on police and/or bystanders, arson or looting but yet were not declared riots.
Over 570 of those "peaceful protests" in 220 locations turned violent to the degree that they were declared riots. That's 570+ "mostly peaceful protests" barely covered by mainstream news, that seemingly most supporters of blm refuse to acknowledge even occurred, which included an estimated $2 billion dollars in damages (most of which isn't covered by insurance, done to local family businesses, many black owned), along with a few dozen related fatalities (including targeted, accidental and incidental, more to follow below) and countless incidents of arson, looting and assault against bystanders and police. ACLED also stated that of those demonstrations, only 5% of them have been met with force by police, which is obviously roughly the same percentage of "protests" that become violent riots.
Only of course the media and blm supporters would like you to believe that police (by way of "fascist" Trump) are arresting and attacking "peaceful protesters utilizing their 'freedom of speech'", which couldn't be further from the truth. The freedom of speech was designed to protect people from those who think violence is the solution to democratic problems. Inciting violence was written in as an exception to the amendment, in part so that people couldn't use strength against others to assert beliefs. There's legal and historical precedence for proper "freedom of speech" and "freedom to protest", and nobody should care about the personal interpretations of rioters and terrorists on those fundamental freedoms.
And yet here we are, in a society where the mainstream media, an extraordinarily vocal minority of citizens, multinational billion dollar businesses donating hundreds of millions to the cause that partially goes to fund rioters' bail from jail after arrests (multiple criminals who then went on to commit other murders), celebrities and sports teams are all siding with blm over blatantly false lies and misinformation. All the while supporting the notion that black people are being "oppressed and victimized". None of their opinions on equality, inclusive ideologies and the freedom of speech, actually extends to the mostly peaceful police officers, towards white people, or any other demographic that condemns these actions (such as the increasing number of liberals leaving the party #WalkAway, or the various minority groups now increasingly supporting Trump). People need to forgo emotional arguments for rational analysis, stop confusing correlation with causation, and understand the impact of confounding variables and their own bias in these discussions.
Because what is happening is society and the Regressive Left is fostering an environment based on hate in the name of acceptance, including the willful return of Segregation, Affirmative Action and identity politics based on race, the demand for reparations (despite the Welfare system predominately geared towards blacks, having spent $22 TRILLION in the past 50 years towards poverty, costing 3 times as much as all of America's wars since the Revolution), special considerations in academia (like lowered admission standards or testing requirements, even though more money is spent on additional education funding for black students than any other race, and racial quotas hurting Asian Americans), the desire to rid society of capitalism (while hypocritically selling copious amounts of branded merchandise), two parent households (which has now quietly been removed due to criticism) and the abolishment of police and prisons. Democrats and blm leaders have continually called for public violence, including attacks on police and white folks, with the demonization of white people as a sub-human race and as racist demons.
Compound this with the contrasting fact that nearly 80% of the black community not only disagrees with the notion of defunding the police, but a significant portion would like to see either the same amount or more police presence in their neighborhoods. As anyone who grew up in a crime ridden black community knows (such as myself), a lack of policing only hurts the people that soft-bellied liberals claim to want to help. If any of the organizations and rioters actually cared about black lives mattering, then they would be focusing on the real tragedies occurring within their own communities. Such as the uncontrolled black-on-black violence, drug use and absentee fathers, and not whatever viral case makes the news in order to further the political agenda. The black community that actually deals with the rampant violence and gangs realize that defunding police is tantamount to forfeiting their lives and the lives of loved ones.
If the two tenants of the blm and antifa supporters are based on "systemic racism" and "police brutality" and both are built on misinformation and lies, then what are all of the riots, looting, arson and murder actually for? Why as a society have we both allowed and endorsed these horrific actions to the point of normalcy? Why is it so difficult for liberals to disavow the actual closest things our generation has seen to Nazism?
Why does the violence inspired by the "blm cause" not count as extremism other than social bias of the people who believe in it (despite glaringly obvious examples that say otherwise)? Defenders would like to argue that just because these killers and anarchists believed in the blm narrative, doesn't mean they have killed all those cops or Trump supporters specifically for blm. And just because people aren't card carrying members of antifa, then obviously they aren't rioting specifically for antifa...it's all just a magical coincidence that they buy their branded t-shirts and wave their affiliated flags.
But yet, if an individual police officer happens to kill a black man in the line of duty, that's somehow representative of all officers and "systemic racism" according to these same groups. We wouldn't excuse this type of behavior if it had been done in the name of ISIS. We wouldn't judge an act of terrorism on whether or not it's followers actually traveled to Syria before stabbing someone in the throat. Like logical, intelligent human beings we would determine their guilt via their extremist beliefs and horrific actions, which at this point is undeniable despite the feverish attempts to deny virtually all of it (a relatively small list compared to all incidents of blm and antifa inspired attacks to follow).
When we have such divergent attitudes in the way the very cultures and people of various races approach life, are we still feigning surprise that there's a difference in terms of wealth, crime, education, economic or job status between races? Eventually we need to be honest and look at how people actually behave and how society functions, instead of playing pretend and arguing about microagressions and white fragility.
Allowing this toxic blm rhetoric continue in this state for political reasons is entirely the opposite of being respectful of other views and is a direct attack on democracy. The sheer unfathomable damage done for this "cause" will go down in history as one of the worst decisions our society has ever inflicted upon itself perpetuated by the willful ideological delusion of one political side and its ever increasingly unstable base. If there are any blm supporters still reading this, I implore you to reconsider your stance. You can be against racism and support the real black community without endorsing the hate and lies of the blm organization. There is no requirement to martyr violent criminals just because they died while being black.
Please. If you're honestly trying to do what's best for society and the real black families adversely affected, ensure you're not on the wrong side of history while doing it.
****
Edit: Please feel free to copy and paste this information where you see fit, I know not everyone interested in these conversations wants to do the leg-work and a lot of the discussions revert back to the same topics (crime rates, demographics, studies, etc). And rather than "own" a stupid Reddit post, I would rather see more people discussing the realities of this situation with the most concrete information.
****
2019 Study from Michigan State University and the University of Maryland via the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluded: "We find no evidence of anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparities across shootings, and White officers are not more likely to shoot minority civilians than non-White officers. Instead, race-specific crime strongly predicts civilian race. This suggests that increasing diversity among officers by itself is unlikely to reduce racial disparity in police shootings" and "Examination of National Violent Death Reporting System data shows racial differences across types of fatal shootings. Black civilians fatally shot by police (relative to White civilians) are more likely to be unarmed and less likely to pose an immediate threat to officers. In contrast, White civilians (relative to Black civilians) are nearly three times more likely to be fatally shot by police when the incident is related to mental-health concerns and are seven times more likely to commit 'suicide by cop'".
Bonus points: the Vice President of Research & Innovation at Michigan was forced to resign partially due to his contrary findings that stated there was no racism in police shootings, which was among his other "racist science" that some faculty and students found offensive.
2018 Study from Michigan State and Arizona State University concluded: "When adjusting for crime, we find no systematic evidence of anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings, fatal shootings of unarmed citizens, or fatal shootings involving misidentification of harmless objects. Multiverse analyses showed only one significant anti-Black disparity of 144 possible tests. Exposure to police given crime rate differences likely accounts for the higher per capita rate of fatal police shootings for Blacks, at least when analyzing all shootings. For unarmed shootings or misidentification shootings, data are too uncertain to be conclusive."
2016 Study from Washington State University via American Society of Criminology concluded: "We found that, despite clear evidence of implicit bias against Black suspects, officers were slower to shoot armed Black suspects than armed White suspects, and they were less likely to shoot unarmed Black suspects than unarmed White suspects. These findings challenge the assumption that implicit racial bias affects police behavior in deadly encounters with Black suspects."
2016 Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "On the most extreme use of force – officer-involved shootings – we find no racial differences in either the raw data or when contextual factors are taken into account. We argue that the patterns in the data are consistent with a model in which police officers are utility maximizers, a fraction of which have a preference for discrimination, who incur relatively high expected costs of officer-involved shootings."
2018 Follow-up Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "In stark contrast, Fryer (forthcoming) finds that, conditional on a police interaction, there are no racial differences in OIS on either the extensive or intensive margins. Using data from Houston, Texas – where I have both OIS and a randomly chosen set of interactions with police where lethal force may have been justified but was not used – I find, after controlling for suspect demographics, officer demographics, encounter characteristics, suspect weapon and year fixed effects, that blacks are 27.4 percent less likely to be shot at by police relative to non-black, non-Hispanics. Investigating the intensive margin – who shoots first in an encounter with police or how many bullets were discharged in the endeavor – there are no detectable racial differences."
2018 Study from Rutgars University and Kookmin University and Purdue College concluded: "This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers"
2016 Study from the Pacific Institute of Research and Evaluation, Curtin University, University of Columbia found: "On average, an estimated 34 people were killed or medically treated for injury by law enforcement per 10 000 stops/arrests. That ratio is surprisingly consistent by race/ethnicity. Blacks have high arrest and stop rates, and per capita are much more likely than whites to die at the hands of police. However, when blacks are stopped or arrested, they are no more likely than whites to be injured or die during that incident.Consistent with our findings, simulation studies find police are no more likely to fire on unarmed blacks than unarmed whites, and high rates of black speeding citations per capita result from high violation rates. A systematic review identified 10 studies that found suspect race/ethnicity did not predict use of force or its escalation. However, one study found blacks were more likely than whites to face force during compliance checks. The PPCS survey also found that blacks were more likely to experience physical force and to perceive the threat of force during a stop, although few respondents actually were injured by the force applied. The large majority of incidents that those stopped perceived as undue force was stops where officers shouted at or threatened people, presumably to deter resistance."
submitted by saigeco to SocialJusticeInAction [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 03:18 saigeco The "Black Lives Matter" Movement is the Largest Scale Mass Hysteria Incident in Modern History

Copying the post from FreeSpeech as I couldn't share a link. I haven't written this but fully agree with this (unpopular) opinion.
The blm movement is going to be remembered as one of society's largest scale incidents of mass hysteria built on overt lies and hatred. By nature of their support, hundreds of thousands of otherwise good people are socially endorsing the violence that arises from these hateful "causes" based on utter fabrications.
The definition of terrorism: the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.
Whether you support their cause or not, both blm and antifa as organizations fit the literal definition of terrorism. If you don't call them that yourself, that's fine, until recently neither did the American government, but merely saying that they aren't terrorists because you might think they have a reason for their actions is a subjective opinion on something that is otherwise an objective fact. blm/antifa and their supporters are responsible for a great number of increasingly violent attacks in recent years targeted towards opposing views (namely white people and Trump supporters), where they've earned the ire that's currently directed towards them. It's time we collectively began to address these left-wing extremists for what they truly are.
black lives matter as both an organization and as a "social statement" were founded primarily on the basis of "systemic racism" and "police brutality". Both of which have very little merit outside of left-wing echochambers, with almost all of its messaging crumbling under the slightest bit of scrutiny (if it's supporters ever bothered to scrutinize what they are being indoctrinated by).
"Systemic racism" is a catch-all term for any and everything to do with race, applied ad hoc to whatever scenarios people would like changed, whether that's in the public and private school systems, our systems of law and the histories of great nations. No legal definition or even standard application of the word has been decided, and everyone has their own variation on what the word means. And yet, governmental bodies themselves and people are changing the way we act, talk and think in order to combat this vague THEORY (and I stress that word).
"Police brutality" has been a term applied to virtually any instance of law enforcement being applied with force (and sometimes even without it), specifically and especially in regards to any crime committed by someone of the black community. Repeated study after study of police shootings has disputed any notion of "racism" being a factor in police shootings, and yet the stereotype of "evil, racist police" continues to spread. Some studies have even shown the opposite to be true, that white officers are less likely to shoot black suspects, and adjusted for ratios in crime and population white suspects are more likely to be shot by cops (various studies to follow below). And yet, every time a black person is killed by police, regardless of whether or not they were resisting arrest or actively trying to hurt or kill other people, the "police brutality" and "racism" cards have been pulled to demonize lawful shootings to undermine the faith citizens have in their police and government.
Here are some facts and statistics (or what would probably be considered the real enemy to the blm movement...the truth).
In American cops make about 10,000,000 arrests a year. Those ten million arrests don't include detentions, traffic stops or any of the other peaceful public interactions that make up the remaining approximately 60,000,000 police and citizen contact every year. On average per year, only about 1,000 of those 70 MILLION people interacted with end up dead due to police. Yet, people act like their chances of dying at the hands of a cop are anything but minuscule. The entire blm narrative is built on the foundation of "police brutality" and "racism" that simply isn't reflected in reality.
We're not even going to begin to discuss how many of those 1,000 people killed by cops each year are armed and dangerous (which is the majority of cases), or how many of them aren’t black (also the majority). It's also important to note that in police reporting "unarmed" does not mean "not violent". We can even assume, for the sake of argument, that none of those 1,000 police killings each year are justified (even though the vast majority of them are). The ratio of unarmed black men shot and killed (23) in 2018 was 1 out of 67,334 black men arrested. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting, there were 686,665 sworn police officers in the United States in 2018. That’s one unarmed black male shot and killed for every 49,047 sworn police officers. Out of the nearly 47.8 million black Americans, the police have shot roughly one unarmed black male per roughly 2.1 million people.
The inevitable conversation that follows is that black people only represent 14% of the US population, how is it that they make up such a high number of overall police deaths**.** blm and it's supporters would like to propagate the idea that it's racism. Which fortunately has little factual basis in this topic. This is where we need to have those brutal, honest conversations that everyone claims to want to have regarding race (silence is violence after all), but nobody is actually allowed to discuss without being banned, canceled or called a racist nazi.
In the US, the American black population represents 53% of convicted murders, 29% of rapes, 54% of robberies, 33% of assaults, 43% of weapons charges, 29% of domestic abuse and 27% of drug abuse violations among others (continuing to over index in almost all areas of remaining crime). The vast majority of these crimes were conducted by males, meaning that half of the violent crime in America is committed by less than the roughly 6-7% of black men in the US. It's not only understandable but expected that there would be a higher degree of violence involved in these arrests, as usually the type of person that's being arrested for murder isn't likely to go without a fight, nor would they like to spend their lives in prison. Ignoring these facts is tantamount to delusion.
Almost all studies that conclude that black people are killed disproportionately fail to factor in crime rates into their models, whether on purpose to reach a desired conclusion or via a poor scientific process. Those are very relevant statistics that cannot be ignored when discussing police interactions with black people, nor can they be discarded in studies, as they help to explain why there is a disparity between the black population and arrests/deaths. Many who like to dismiss these figures do so by doing what they always do, and cry "racism", whether it's the mere use of these statistics or in the very core of every single arrest that makes up the data.
But simply hand-waving away the reason that there are so many violent interactions between the black community and the police due to "racism" is disingenuous and deliberate. The reasons behind those crime rates and why the black community is plagued by crime are extraordinarily complicated, and very well may contain elements of race and racism reaching back decades (such as the Welfare system and Jim Crow laws), but that’s an entirely separate conversation for another day unrelated to the premise of "police brutality towards blacks". The fact of the matter is, the black community has and will continue to have problems with overwhelming violence without real intervention, and its these problems that lead to further violent interactions with police.
Keeping the aforementioned statistics in mind, each year, American cops kill more white people, both in raw numbers and when adjusted for crime rates, than black people (note: the study has since been retracted due to public inference, however, the data included remains valid, even more studies with similar findings below). Only roughly .009% of all arrests ended with a civilian death regardless of race, and for every 10 deadly weapon assaults on a police officer there was as a result of 1 fatal police shooting, or in other words, even in encounters with deadly weapons police will only fatally shoot about 10% of the time. In fact, research done by the National Police Research Platform, only roughly 27% of those 680,000+ officers report ever even firing their gun on duty (which doesn't specifically entail actually shooting someone either, just the fact that they've shot their weapon). And yet the narrative of blood thirsty police persists.
Contrary to the black lives matter narrative, the police have much more to fear from black males than black males have to fear from the police.In 2015, black civil-rights commissioner Peter Kirsanow famously defended the police by acknowledging that a police officer is roughly 18.5x more likely to be killed by a black male than an unarmed black male is to be killed by a police officer, a number that's been repeated ad nauseam and is roughly supported by statistics year after year (it lowers to roughly 2.5x more likely for a cop to be killed by armed black males than the reverse). Factually, black males have made up nearly 50 percent of all cop-killers over the last decade even though they are only 6-7% of the overall population.
White people make up roughly over 50% of known race homicide victims, with caucasians representing roughly 76% of the total US population. Black people were 45% of known race homicide victims, but only 13% of the population. Which means the homicide rate for blacks was 3.5x their percentage of the US population, making them over five times as likely to be homicide victims.
According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics 2018 study, 15.3% of violent crimes against whites were committed by blacks for a total of 547,948 crimes, with violent black offenders being 1.8x their percent of the population. In contrast, whites committed 10.6% of violent crimes against blacks for a total of 59,777 crimes, making up 0.8x their percentage of the population. But of violent crime against black people, 70% of the time the offender was reported by the victim themselves as black, which is supportive of the epidemic of black-on-black violence increasing across the country. The offender to victim ratio shows that violent incidents involving black offenders (22%) was twice the percentage of black victims (11%).
Hate crime statistics actually show that in recent years, anti-black incidents overall fell to a recent record low share of all hate crime, while anti-white and other races have seen increases in hate crime towards them. Meanwhile hate crimes committed by black offenders continues to increase year over year, reaching a high of 24% of all reported hate crimes despite making up only 14% of the population. In major cities such as New York, black perpetrators make up the majority of hate crimes towards Jewish and LGBT people, again, despite the narrative that says black people are society's current victims of discrimination.
People need to stop acting like, just because they’re black, they’ll die if they interact with the cops or that white people are targeting black people with racism and hatred. Of course in a country of hundreds of millions of people there is going to be anti-black racism. But it certainly isn't to the degree in which activists like to perpetuate, such as it being a public health crisis. Statistics simply do not reflect any reality in which this absurdity is true, unless a concentrated effort is put into disqualifying and discounting data that opposes the narrative. If anything, the crime data, statistics on police shootings and the general modern societal zeitgeist would suggest an active and ongoing discrimination against whites. But hey, that's another topic for another day isn't it.
The questions that decent human beings need to seriously ask themselves in regards to police is, are you committing crimes? Are you going to resist if the cops try to arrest you? I would hope not for both of those questions. In 2020, there's no excuse for that level of ignorance. Therefore, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are virtually zero. But, the best part is, even if you are committing crimes and resisting arrest, your chances of dying at the hands of the police are still virtually zero, regardless of your skin color or particular demographic.That's the statistical fact. No matter how many slogans are chanted or how many times ACAB is gratified onto buildings, it doesn't suddenly mean the police are out to kill anyone.
The gaslighting from the media and the blm supporters claim that the violent actions of a "few" rioters do not represent most of the "peaceful group" (a courtesy not extended to the legitimately mostly peaceful police). The left-leaning Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project reports that in the summer of 2020 alone (not including the continued riots in September) there were 7,750+ demonstrations related to blm. Of those, over 1000 included some sort of assault on police and/or bystanders, arson or looting but yet were not declared riots.
Over 570 of those "peaceful protests" in 220 locations turned violent to the degree that they were declared riots. That's 570+ "mostly peaceful protests" barely covered by mainstream news, that seemingly most supporters of blm refuse to acknowledge even occurred, which included an estimated $2 billion dollars in damages (most of which isn't covered by insurance, done to local family businesses, many black owned), along with a few dozen related fatalities (including targeted, accidental and incidental, more to follow below) and countless incidents of arson, looting and assault against bystanders and police. ACLED also stated that of those demonstrations, only 5% of them have been met with force by police, which is obviously roughly the same percentage of "protests" that become violent riots.
Only of course the media and blm supporters would like you to believe that police (by way of "fascist" Trump) are arresting and attacking "peaceful protesters utilizing their 'freedom of speech'", which couldn't be further from the truth. The freedom of speech was designed to protect people from those who think violence is the solution to democratic problems. Inciting violence was written in as an exception to the amendment, in part so that people couldn't use strength against others to assert beliefs. There's legal and historical precedence for proper "freedom of speech" and "freedom to protest", and nobody should care about the personal interpretations of rioters and terrorists on those fundamental freedoms.
And yet here we are, in a society where the mainstream media, an extraordinarily vocal minority of citizens, multinational billion dollar businesses donating hundreds of millions to the cause that partially goes to fund rioters' bail from jail after arrests (multiple criminals who then went on to commit other murders), celebrities and sports teams are all siding with blm over blatantly false lies and misinformation. All the while supporting the notion that black people are being "oppressed and victimized". None of their opinions on equality, inclusive ideologies and the freedom of speech, actually extends to the mostly peaceful police officers, towards white people, or any other demographic that condemns these actions (such as the increasing number of liberals leaving the party #WalkAway, or the various minority groups now increasingly supporting Trump). People need to forgo emotional arguments for rational analysis, stop confusing correlation with causation, and understand the impact of confounding variables and their own bias in these discussions.
Because what is happening is society and the Regressive Left is fostering an environment based on hate in the name of acceptance, including the willful return of Segregation, Affirmative Action and identity politics based on race, the demand for reparations (despite the Welfare system predominately geared towards blacks, having spent $22 TRILLION in the past 50 years towards poverty, costing 3 times as much as all of America's wars since the Revolution), special considerations in academia (like lowered admission standards or testing requirements, even though more money is spent on additional education funding for black students than any other race, and racial quotas hurting Asian Americans), the desire to rid society of capitalism (while hypocritically selling copious amounts of branded merchandise), two parent households (which has now quietly been removed due to criticism) and the abolishment of police and prisons. Democrats and blm leaders have continually called for public violence, including attacks on police and white folks, with the demonization of white people as a sub-human race and as racist demons.
Compound this with the contrasting fact that nearly 80% of the black community not only disagrees with the notion of defunding the police, but a significant portion would like to see either the same amount or more police presence in their neighborhoods. As anyone who grew up in a crime ridden black community knows (such as myself), a lack of policing only hurts the people that soft-bellied liberals claim to want to help. If any of the organizations and rioters actually cared about black lives mattering, then they would be focusing on the real tragedies occurring within their own communities. Such as the uncontrolled black-on-black violence, drug use and absentee fathers, and not whatever viral case makes the news in order to further the political agenda. The black community that actually deals with the rampant violence and gangs realize that defunding police is tantamount to forfeiting their lives and the lives of loved ones.
If the two tenants of the blm and antifa supporters are based on "systemic racism" and "police brutality" and both are built on misinformation and lies, then what are all of the riots, looting, arson and murder actually for? Why as a society have we both allowed and endorsed these horrific actions to the point of normalcy? Why is it so difficult for liberals to disavow the actual closest things our generation has seen to Nazism?
Why does the violence inspired by the "blm cause" not count as extremism other than social bias of the people who believe in it (despite glaringly obvious examples that say otherwise)? Defenders would like to argue that just because these killers and anarchists believed in the blm narrative, doesn't mean they have killed all those cops or Trump supporters specifically for blm. And just because people aren't card carrying members of antifa, then obviously they aren't rioting specifically for antifa...it's all just a magical coincidence that they buy their branded t-shirts and wave their affiliated flags.
But yet, if an individual police officer happens to kill a black man in the line of duty, that's somehow representative of all officers and "systemic racism" according to these same groups. We wouldn't excuse this type of behavior if it had been done in the name of ISIS. We wouldn't judge an act of terrorism on whether or not it's followers actually traveled to Syria before stabbing someone in the throat. Like logical, intelligent human beings we would determine their guilt via their extremist beliefs and horrific actions, which at this point is undeniable despite the feverish attempts to deny virtually all of it (a relatively small list compared to all incidents of blm and antifa inspired attacks to follow).
When we have such divergent attitudes in the way the very cultures and people of various races approach life, are we still feigning surprise that there's a difference in terms of wealth, crime, education, economic or job status between races? Eventually we need to be honest and look at how people actually behave and how society functions, instead of playing pretend and arguing about microagressions and white fragility.
Allowing this toxic blm rhetoric continue in this state for political reasons is entirely the opposite of being respectful of other views and is a direct attack on democracy. The sheer unfathomable damage done for this "cause" will go down in history as one of the worst decisions our society has ever inflicted upon itself perpetuated by the willful ideological delusion of one political side and its ever increasingly unstable base. If there are any blm supporters still reading this, I implore you to reconsider your stance. You can be against racism and support the real black community without endorsing the hate and lies of the blm organization. There is no requirement to martyr violent criminals just because they died while being black.
Please. If you're honestly trying to do what's best for society and the real black families adversely affected, ensure you're not on the wrong side of history while doing it.
****
Edit: Please feel free to copy and paste this information where you see fit, I know not everyone interested in these conversations wants to do the leg-work and a lot of the discussions revert back to the same topics (crime rates, demographics, studies, etc). And rather than "own" a stupid Reddit post, I would rather see more people discussing the realities of this situation with the most concrete information.
****
2019 Study from Michigan State University and the University of Maryland via the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences concluded: "We find no evidence of anti-Black or anti-Hispanic disparities across shootings, and White officers are not more likely to shoot minority civilians than non-White officers. Instead, race-specific crime strongly predicts civilian race. This suggests that increasing diversity among officers by itself is unlikely to reduce racial disparity in police shootings" and "Examination of National Violent Death Reporting System data shows racial differences across types of fatal shootings. Black civilians fatally shot by police (relative to White civilians) are more likely to be unarmed and less likely to pose an immediate threat to officers. In contrast, White civilians (relative to Black civilians) are nearly three times more likely to be fatally shot by police when the incident is related to mental-health concerns and are seven times more likely to commit 'suicide by cop'".
Bonus points: the Vice President of Research & Innovation at Michigan was forced to resign partially due to his contrary findings that stated there was no racism in police shootings, which was among his other "racist science" that some faculty and students found offensive.
2018 Study from Michigan State and Arizona State University concluded: "When adjusting for crime, we find no systematic evidence of anti-Black disparities in fatal shootings, fatal shootings of unarmed citizens, or fatal shootings involving misidentification of harmless objects. Multiverse analyses showed only one significant anti-Black disparity of 144 possible tests. Exposure to police given crime rate differences likely accounts for the higher per capita rate of fatal police shootings for Blacks, at least when analyzing all shootings. For unarmed shootings or misidentification shootings, data are too uncertain to be conclusive."
2016 Study from Washington State University via American Society of Criminology concluded: "We found that, despite clear evidence of implicit bias against Black suspects, officers were slower to shoot armed Black suspects than armed White suspects, and they were less likely to shoot unarmed Black suspects than unarmed White suspects. These findings challenge the assumption that implicit racial bias affects police behavior in deadly encounters with Black suspects."
2016 Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "On the most extreme use of force – officer-involved shootings – we find no racial differences in either the raw data or when contextual factors are taken into account. We argue that the patterns in the data are consistent with a model in which police officers are utility maximizers, a fraction of which have a preference for discrimination, who incur relatively high expected costs of officer-involved shootings."
2018 Follow-up Study from Harvard via the National Bureau of Economic Research concluded: "In stark contrast, Fryer (forthcoming) finds that, conditional on a police interaction, there are no racial differences in OIS on either the extensive or intensive margins. Using data from Houston, Texas – where I have both OIS and a randomly chosen set of interactions with police where lethal force may have been justified but was not used – I find, after controlling for suspect demographics, officer demographics, encounter characteristics, suspect weapon and year fixed effects, that blacks are 27.4 percent less likely to be shot at by police relative to non-black, non-Hispanics. Investigating the intensive margin – who shoots first in an encounter with police or how many bullets were discharged in the endeavor – there are no detectable racial differences."
2018 Study from Rutgars University and Kookmin University and Purdue College concluded: "This article aims to answer this question: are white police officers more likely to use lethal force on minority suspects or people of a specific race? To answer this question, the authors construct a data set of all confirmed uses of lethal force by police officers in the United States in 2014 and 2015. They find that although minority suspects are disproportionately killed by police, white officers appear to be no more likely to use lethal force against minorities than nonwhite officers"
2016 Study from the Pacific Institute of Research and Evaluation, Curtin University, University of Columbia found: "On average, an estimated 34 people were killed or medically treated for injury by law enforcement per 10 000 stops/arrests. That ratio is surprisingly consistent by race/ethnicity. Blacks have high arrest and stop rates, and per capita are much more likely than whites to die at the hands of police. However, when blacks are stopped or arrested, they are no more likely than whites to be injured or die during that incident.Consistent with our findings, simulation studies find police are no more likely to fire on unarmed blacks than unarmed whites, and high rates of black speeding citations per capita result from high violation rates. A systematic review identified 10 studies that found suspect race/ethnicity did not predict use of force or its escalation. However, one study found blacks were more likely than whites to face force during compliance checks. The PPCS survey also found that blacks were more likely to experience physical force and to perceive the threat of force during a stop, although few respondents actually were injured by the force applied. The large majority of incidents that those stopped perceived as undue force was stops where officers shouted at or threatened people, presumably to deter resistance."
submitted by saigeco to TrueUnpopularOpinion [link] [comments]


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The ultimate update on our viral issue, bar none - Sept 8th 2020 . Get educated guys and gals - or keep your head in the sand while your errant leaders destr... Meet a data scientist who is using big data to create the medical systems of the future. Dr. Eric Schadt of the Icahn Institute is creating algorithms that c... President Trump defends his tweets calling on Democratic congresswomen to 'go back' to where they came from during an exchange with the press at the White Ho... Improve listening - free Audible audiobook: https://goo.gl/LshaPp This video will teach you how to say, write, read and pronounce dates and years in both Bri... ★ BENDITOS CANALES: BENDITO PODER: http://bit.ly/2KivRIz BENDITO EXTRANJERO: http://www.youtube.com/benditoextranjero BENDITO OCIO: http://www.youtube.com/be... Data Analytics for Beginners -Introduction to Data Analytics https://acadgild.com/big-data/data-analytics-training-certification?utm_campaign=enrol-data-anal... Help support this channel: https://www.patreon.com/JasonAYoutube Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/jasonayoutube/ Website: https://www.jasona.co THE WORLD I... What does the population of the US look like? It might help to shrink it down a bit. Here's how the country would break down if it were a village of just 100... This channel is my passion project taking us on a fun trip down memory lane together so we can relive the colorful events we all experienced. I am a first-ye... This alarming chart of global COVID-19 cases puts the U.S. response into perspective. » Subscribe to NowThis: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe » Sign up for...